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研究生:黃雅莉
研究生(外文):Ya-LiHuang
論文名稱:治理對經濟成長的影響-以新興經濟體為例
論文名稱(外文):The Impacts of Governance on Economic GrowthThe Case of Emerging Economies
指導教授:謝文真謝文真引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wen-Jen hsieh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:經濟學系碩博士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:治理人均所得成長率固定效果模型新興經濟體
外文關鍵詞:governanceeconomic growthfixed effects modelemerging economies
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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  • 下載下載:36
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本文主要以25個新興國家做為研究對象,衡量治理品質對人均所得成長率之影響,同時考慮橫斷面與時間序列資料,以追蹤資料進行跨區域分析,運用2001-2009年新興國家資料,以世界銀行(World Bank)六項治理指標作為本文主要之代理變數,評估各項指標對於經濟成長之影響。該六項治理指標為:問責度(Voice and Accountability, VA)、政治穩定度(Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism, PSAV)、政府效能(Government Effectiveness, GE)、制定與執行促進私部門投資政策能力(Regulatory Quality, RQ)、契約執行(Rule of Law, ROL)、廉政度(Control of Corruption, COC)等。更考量文化背景及地域的差異性,同時進行區域個別迴歸分析,藉以了解國家治理與經濟成長之關聯。
由於樣本資料具備歧異性,以固定效果(fixed effect)進行相關實證分析。實證結果發現,新興市場的快速發展仍相當倚賴固定資本投入、人力資本的累積、就業人口的成長、國際間貿易開放程度。2008-2009年全球經濟危機的衝擊對於經濟帶來顯著的負面影響。對於整體新興經濟體,以政府效能、廉政度、產權保護以及維持政治穩定對經濟成長有正面顯著之影響。而不同區域間之迴歸結果,凸顯治理指標具有地區異質性與指標歧異性之存在,不同區域可透過不同治理層面之強化,以達成經濟成長之目標。以美洲國家而言,強化政府清廉度、財產權法規保護、提供穩定之政經環境將有助於經濟成長表現。新興歐洲則可透過改善政府貪污腐敗、提高執政效能、穩定政經環境等措施誘發外人資金進入,進而帶動經濟成長。亞洲地區則可藉由改善政府之執政效能大幅提高經濟成長率。本文支持治理對經濟成長表現具有正面影響之論點,認為各國政府可透過不同層面治理之改善,進而達成經濟成長之目標。

The thesis intends to examine the role of governance in economic growth for 25 emerging economies. A set of panel data is constructed for the period from 2001 to 2009, and a fix effects model is employed to estimate the impacts on GDP per capita growth rate from each governance indicator. The six governance indicators are adopted from World Bank, including Voice and Accountability, Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism, Government Effectiveness, Regulatory Quality, Rule of Law, and Control of Corruption. We split the emerging economies into different groups to better understand the relation between governance and economic growth.
The empirical results suggest that the GDP per capita growth rate of emerging economies depend on the growth of fixed capital formation, the growth of employed people, trade openness, and the accumulation of human capital. There are statically significant positive effects for each variable on economic growth. Governance has positive effect on growth, but the effects from different indicators and different regions are not the same. That is, there are different ways to inspire the economics from different regions, such that the government in Latin American can fulfill the aims of economy growth by improving the quality of Rule of Law, Control of Corruption, Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism. The Emerging European government can enhance growth by improving Control of Corruption, Government Effectiveness, Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism. Meanwhile, the Asia government can raise the growth rate of economy by improving Government Effectiveness. Hence, governmental policies improved the quality of governance be different types and regions should be emphasized.

目錄

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 2
第二節 研究目的 6
第三節 研究架構 7
第二章 文獻回顧 8
第一節 政府治理的定義與衡量 8
第二節 治理的相關理論 14
第三節 治理的實證文獻 17
第三章 新興市場經濟簡述 27
第一節 新興市場界定 27
第二節 新興市場現況概述 29
第四章 模型架構與變數說明 41
第一節 理論模型之建構 41
第二節 理論模型之修正與相關變數說明 43
第三節 迴歸模型設定 48
第五章 實證結果 53
第一節 敘述統計 53
第二節 相關檢定結果 60
第三節 迴歸結果分析 63
第六章 結論與研究限制 76
第一節 結論 76
第二節 研究限制 78
參考文獻 79
附錄 86
Hausman test 之檢定結果 86

參考文獻
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