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研究生:陳俊宇
研究生(外文):Chun-YuChen
論文名稱:午睡對於睏睡減輕與表現強化之效益
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Daytime Naps on Sleepiness Reduction and Performance Enhancement
指導教授:梁勝富梁勝富引用關係
指導教授(外文):Sheng-Fu Liang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:53
中文關鍵詞:午睡程序型記憶陳述型記憶睏睡度腦電波
外文關鍵詞:nappingprocedural memorydeclarative memorysleepinessEEG
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
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  • 下載下載:54
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
午睡在許多人的生活中扮演著不可或缺的角色,許多人習慣在午餐過後小睡片刻,藉此提升午後的學習或工作效率,因此不光是學生,習慣在工作場所午睡的成年人也是相當的普遍。見得午睡的重要性之後,我們便開始關心短暫的睡眠是否確實有助於提升午後的工作效率,抑或是多長的午睡時間效果最好都是我們想研究的議題。本論文設計了一套午睡實驗來探討睡至不同睡眠階段(stage 2 和 slow wave sleep)後喚醒的午睡對於程序型記憶、陳述型記憶和睏睡度是否有所幫助。在程序型記憶我們設計了固定序列打字測驗來測試,在陳述型記憶我們設計字詞配對測驗來測試。本實驗將總共105位受試者隨機分配至三組:S2組、SWS組及Wake組,每組各有35位非習慣午睡的受試者參與。由實驗結果可以發現S2組在行為表現及睏睡度相較於另外兩組皆有明顯的改善。SWS組在行為表現及睏睡度相較於S2組來得差,其原因可推測是受到深層睡眠的睡眠慣性之影響。Wake組在行為表現與睏睡度的效果都是最差的。因此我們建議午睡要睡至stage 2十分鐘後喚醒的效果最佳,藉此可達到午睡過後較好的學習及工作效率。
Nap plays an integral role in the lives of many people. Many people are used to take a nap after lunch in order to improve the efficiency of study or work afternoon. Therefore, not only students, but adults who have habits of nap in the workplace are very common. After we seem the importance of a nap, we started to care whether a short nap can improve the efficiency of work afternoon or not and how long should we nap for the best effect. In this paper, a nap experiment was designed to research nap with different sleep stages (stage 2 and slow wave sleep) and whether they improved procedural memory, declarative memory and sleepiness or not. For procedural memory, a sequential finger-tapping task was applied. For declarative memory, a paired associates learning task was used. One hundred and five subjects were randomly assigned to S2 group, SWS group, or Wake group. Each group had thirty-five non-habitual nappers. The result showed that S2 group was better not only in sleepiness reduction but also in both procedural and declarative memory consolidation than SWS and Wake group. The SWS group had worse sleepiness reduction and behavioral performance than S2 group which might be influenced by sleep inertia from deep sleep. The sleepiness and performance of Wake group was worst in three groups. Therefore, we suggest that 10 minutes after stage 2 nap. By this way, people can achieve a better learning and working efficiency after a nap.
摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
Contents V
List of Tables VII
List of Figures VIII
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 The Role of Nap 1
1.1.1 Benefits of Napping 2
1.1.2 Optimal Time of Napping 3
1.1.3 Memory Consolidation with Napping 5
1.2 Manual for the Scoring of Sleep Stages 8
1.3 Motivation and Objective 11
1.4 Thesis Overview 12
Chapter 2 Materials and Methods 13
2.1 Subjects 13
2.2 Experimental Environment 13
2.3 Quantification of Sleepiness 15
2.4 Memory Tasks 16
2.4.1 Paired Associates Learning 16
2.4.2 Sequential Finger-Tapping 24
2.5 Experimental Design and Procedure 26
2.5.1 Preparation before Experiment 28
2.5.2 Train Session before Nap 28
2.5.3 Electrodes Setting 29
2.5.4 Nap Time 29
2.5.5 Retest Session after Nap 30
2.6 PSG Recording and Sleep Stage 30
2.7 Statistical Analysis 31
Chapter 3 Result 32
3.1 Subjective Sleepiness 32
3.2 Behavioral Performance 35
Chapter 4 Discussion 39
Chapter 5 Conclusions and Future Works 50
Reference 51

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