跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.235.56.11) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/04 07:47
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:潘瑋
研究生(外文):WeiPan
論文名稱:銪離子於摻雜 (Mg、Ca、Sr)離子之鋁矽玻璃基質中的自發還原行為探討
論文名稱(外文):Spontaneous reduction of Eu3+ in (Mg、Ca、Sr) doped aluminosilicate glasses
指導教授:吳毓純
指導教授(外文):Yu-Chun Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:資源工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:Eu3+Eu2+自發還原螢光27Al NMR鋁矽酸玻璃
外文關鍵詞:Eu3+Eu2+ReductionPhotoluminescence27Al NMRaluminosilicate glasses
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
  • 點閱點閱:340
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:7
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究第一部分重點在觀察非晶質的SiO2中,Al離子添加濃度及Al的配位數改變情形,對於Eu3+在非還原氣氛中還原成Eu2+的影響。實驗中發現,當熱處理溫度為1000 °C時,Al離子的添加能使Eu3+離子在非還原氣氛下部份還原成具有藍光發光特性的Eu2+,此作用在Al離子濃度為10 mol %時表現最為明顯。從27Al NMR分析中發現,以AlO6結構形式鍵結的Al離子,是影響Eu3+→ Eu2+自發還原最重要的關鍵因素,當以此結構形式鍵結的Al離子比例增加時,對於Eu3+離子的還原有正面的影響。在本研究的第二部份,我們添加了鹼土族離子(Mg, Ca, Sr)於前述的鋁矽玻璃基質中,以探討鹼土族離子的添加對於Al離子配位狀態的影響。結果發現鹼土族離子以網路修飾劑的角色使網路結構達成價數平衡,因此有利於 Al離子以網路成形劑,也就是AlO4結構的形式呈現,降低Eu3+的還原作用發生。
此外,在本研究系列成份中,將熱處理溫度提高至1200 °C,部分添加鹼土族離子的樣品會有二次結晶相Quartz與Cristobalite的析出,以及其它包含鹼土族離子在內的複雜結晶相出現,在此情況下Eu2+因受到電子雲膨脹效應以及晶場效應的影響,與單純添加Al離子的樣品相較,發射光譜會有紅移的現象。最後比較Eu3+在空氣中自發還原與還原氣氛還原的結果發現,以還原氣氛處理的樣品會在短時間內大量生成Eu2+,而以結構引發的自發還原結果可適當生成部分的Eu2+,形成Eu3+與Eu2+共存的狀況,為合成同時具有紅、藍螢光特性的新式螢光材料的潛力途徑。

The first part of this work investigated the effect of Al on the spontaneous reduction behavior of Eu3+ to Eu2+ in non-reducing atmosphere according to their photoluminescent properties. It was found that the Al allowed to induce a partial reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ in silica glass and the amount of Eu2+ attained to maximum at a Al concentration of 10 mol % Al. 27Al NMR analyses indicated that coordination environment of Al varied with Al concentrations. The coordination states of Al ions were the key factor controlling the reduction of Eu3+ where the intensity of blue emission was generally proportional to the amount of Al in 6-fold coordination. In the second part, alkaline earth metal ions (Mg, Ca, Sr) were additionally codoped into aluminosilicate glasses prepared in the first part of work. The incorporation of alkaline earth metal ions can serve as modifier cations in the glass network and were favorable for the formation of AlO4. Accordingly, the reduction process of Eu3+ was restrained when the alkaline earth ions were coexisted in the glasses structure. Nevertheless, the blue emission was enhanced again and showed an obvious red shift when these samples were heat-treated at 1200 °C where a crystallization of a second phase was occurred. The red shift of the blue emission indicated a variation of nephelauxetic effect and crystal field effect around Eu2+ due to the partial crystallization. The experimental results confirmed a strong correlation between the spontaneous reduction of Eu3+ and the structural properties of the glasses compositions. The reduction mechanism of Eu3+ in aluminosilicate glasses system, particularly the role of Al ions, was described in the current work. In comparison with the of reduction of Eu3+ under a reducing atmosphere and in air, great amount of Eu2+ were induced for the former treatment that generated a strong blue emission of Eu2+ whereas the red emission was abruptly decreased simultaneously. As a consequence, the spontaneous reduction occurred in air via the composition modification is considered a promising method to obtain the bichromatic (blue/red) luminescent materials for the future optical applications.
摘要 I
Abstact II
致謝 IV
圖目錄 IX
表目錄 XII
第一章緒論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 研究方向與目的 4
第二章 理論基礎與相關研究 6
2-1 溶膠凝膠法製備氧化物粉末 6
2-2 稀土鋁矽酸玻璃 10
2-2-1 稀土鋁矽玻璃介紹 10
2-2-2 二氧化矽和鋁矽玻璃結構介紹 11
2-2-3 三元鋁矽玻璃結構探討 12
2-3 螢光材料簡介 14
2-3-1 螢光體發光原理 14
2-3-2 影響發光效率之因素 17
2-3-3 稀土離子之發光特性 18
2-3-4 稀土離子之價數 19
2-3-5 稀土離子之f-f電子躍遷 19
2-3-6 稀土離子之f-d電子躍遷 20
2-4 銪(Europium, Eu) 22
2-4-1 Eu3+Eu2+ 還原方法 22
2-4-2 鹽基度 24
2-5 主體結構效應 25
2-6 Eu2+所處主體基質中共添加鹼土族影響 30
第三章 實驗方法及步驟 32
3-1 實驗原料 32
3-2 實驗流程 32
3-3量測與分析方法 35
3-3-1光致發光光譜分析(Photoluminescence spectrum) 35
3-3-2 X光繞射分析 (X-Ray Diffraction Analysis) 37
3-3-3 NMR固態核磁共振分析 37
3-3-4 X光光電子能譜儀 38
3-3-5 穿透式電子顯微鏡 38
第四章 結果與討論 39
4-1 Al3+添加對於Eu3+還原的影響 39
4-2 鹽基度與Eu3+還原作用的關係 43
4-3 Al配位數與Eu3+還原的關係 44
4-4 29 Si NMR分析 50
4-5 Eu濃度與Eu3+還原作用的關係 52
4-6 Eu3+的螢光特性分析 55
4-7 非晶質基質中共添加鹼土離子 58
4-8 熱處理影響 62
4-9 以XPS圖譜分析基質環境差異 70
4-10 Eu3+透過還原氣氛與空氣還原的比較 72
4-10-1在還原氣氛下之熱處理時間影響 72
4-10-2 空氣還原與還原氣氛比較 74

第五章 結論 77
參考文獻 79


1.S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y.X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, Q. Y. Zhang , Mater. Sci. Eng. R., 71(2010) 1.
2.U. Rambabu, N. R. Munirathnam, T. L. Prakash, S. Buddhudu, Mater. Chem. Phys., 78 (2002) 160.
3.C. Zhu, X. Liang, Y. Yang, G. Chen, J. Lumine., 130 (2010) 74.
4.W. Xu, C. Jiang, J. Display Tech., 6 (2010) 298.
5.D. M. Roy and R. Roy, Am. Mineralogist., 40 (1955) 147.
6.H. Dislich, Angew Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 10 (1971) 363.
7.C. J. Brinker, G. W. Scherer, “Sol-Gel Science :/ the Physics and chemistry of sol-gel processing, (1990) P102.
8.J. T. Kohli, R. A. Condrate, J. E. Shelby, Phys. Chem. Glasses., 34 (1993) 81.
9.N. J. Clayden, S. Esposito, A. Aronne, P. J. Pernice, Non-Cryst. Solids., 11 (1999) 258.
10. J. E. Shelby, J. T. Kohli, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 73 (1990) 39.
11. T. Schaller, J. F. Stebbins, M. C. Wilding, J. Non-Cryst. Solids., 243 (1999) 146.
12. H.Aguiar, J. Serra, P. Gronzalez, B. Leon, J. Non-Cryst. Solids., 355(2009 ) 475.
13. D. R. Neuville, L. Cormier, D. Massiot, Chem. Geol., 229 (2006) 173.
14. S. Sen, R. E. Youngman, J. Phys. Chem. B., 108 (2004) 7557.
15. J. Jin, S. Sakida, T. Yoko, M. Nogami, J. Non-Cryst. Solids., 262 (2000) 183.
16. T. Fugiyama, T. Yokoyama, M. Hori, M. Sasaki, Non-Cryst. Solids., 135 (1991) 198.
17. S. L. Lin, C. S. Hwang, Non-Cryst. Solids., 202 (1996) 61.
18. B.O. Mysen, P. Richet, “Silicate glasses and melts: Properties and structure (2005) P102.
19. J. F. Stebbins, S. Kroeker, S. K. Lee, T. J. Kiczenski, Non-Cryst. Solids., 275 (2000) 1.
20. P. R. Bodart, J. Parmentier, R. K. Harris, D. P. Thompson, Phys. Chem. Solids., 60 (1999) 223.
21. M. Schmucker, K. J. D. MacKenzie, H. Schneider, R. Meinhold, Non-Cryst. Solids., 217 (1997) 99.
22. S. H. Risbud, R. J. Kirkpatrick, A. P. Montez, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 70 (1987) C10.
23. Z. N. Utegulov, M. A. Eastman, S. Prabaker, K.T. Mueller, A. Y. Hamad, J.P. Wicksted, G. S. Dixson, Non-Cryst. Solids., 315 (2003) 43.
24. N. J. Clayden, S. Esposito, A. Aronne, P. Pernice, Non-Cryst. Solids., 258 (1999) 11.
25. D. Llères, S. Swift, A. I. Lamond, Curr. Proto. Cyto., 12 (2007) 10.
26. J. A. DeLuca, J. Chem. Educ., 57 (1980) 8.
27. 張永政,“矽酸鹽Na3YSi2O7系螢光粉之製備與光致發光特性研究,國立成功大學材料科學及工程學系碩士論文 ,2010.
28. 蘇鏘 ,“稀土元素,北京 ,清華大學出版社 ,2000.
29. R. C. Ropp, “Luminescence and the Solid State-2nd ed“, Amsterdam, 2004.
30. C. H. Park, T. H. Kim, Y. Yonesaki, N. Kumada, J. Solid State Chem., 184 (2011) 1566.
31. F. Clabau, A. Garcia, P. Bonville, D. Gonbeau, T. L. Mercier, P. Deniard, S. Jobic, J. Solid State Chem., 181 (2008) 1456.
32. J. S. Kim, Y. H. Park, S. M. Kim, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, Solid State Commun., 133 (2005) 445.
33. M. Nogami, K. Watanabe, Y. Ito, H. Ito, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 93 (2010) 1663.
34. N. Yamashita, J. Electrochem. Soc., 140 (1993) 840.
35. W.Chen, R. Sammynaiken, and Y. Huang, J. Appl. Phys., 88 ( 2000) 1424.
36. Y. Gao, C. S. Shi, Y. Wu, Mater. Res. Bull., 31 (1996) 439.
37. M. Nogami, Y. Abe, J. Non-Cryst. Solid., 197 (1996) 73.
38. N. Kamata,
C. Satoh, K. Tosaka and K. Yamada, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 293 (2001) 595.
39. N. Kamata, K. Tosaka, Z. Honda and K. Yamada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 43 (2004) 372.
40. A. Biswas, C. S. Friend, G. S. Maciel, P. N. Prasad, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 261 (2000) 9.
41. X. Hu, J. Fan, T. Li, D. Zhang, W. Chen, J. Bai and X. Hou, Opt. Mater., 29 (2007) 1327.
42. Z. H. Lian, J. Wang, Y. Lv, S Wang, Q. Su, J. Alloy. Compound., 430 (2007) 257.
43. H. You, M. Nogami, J. Phys. Chem. B., 109 (2005) 13980-13984.
44. M. Y. Peng, Z. W. Pei, G. Y. Hong, Q. Su, Chem. Phys. Lett., 371 (2003) 1
45. J. H. Hao, J. Gao, Appl. Phys. Let., 85 (2004) 3720.
46. S. X. Lian, P. T. Shi, C. Z. Li, A. L. Zhu, X. G. Mao, J. Rare Earth, 21 (2003) 68.
47. C. Wang, M. Y. Peng, N. Jiang, Z. W. Jiang, C. J. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, Mater. Lett., 61 (2007) 3608.
48. H. Niida, M. Takahashi, T. Uchino, T. Yoko, J. Meter. Res., 18 (2003) 1.
49. J. A. Duffy, J. Non-Cryst. Solid., 196 (1996) 45.
50. E. Douglas, D. H. McDaniel and J. J. Alexander, “Concepts and models of Inorganic Chemistry-3rd, John Wiley % Sons Inc., New York (1994).
51. S. Liu, G. Zhao, Z. Yao, T. Xie, J. Jin, H. Ying, J. Wang, G. Han, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 91 (2008) 2740.
52. A. Herrmann, S. Fibikar, D. Ehrt, J. Non-Cryst. Solid., 355 (2009) 2093.
53. C. Wang, M. Peng, N. Jiang, X. Jiang, C. Zhao, J. Qiu, Mater. Lett., 61 (2007) 3608.
54. C. Zhang, Jun Yang, C. Lin, C. Li, J. Lin, J. Solid State Chem., 182 (2009) 1566.
55. Y. Q. Li, J. E. J. van Steen, J. W. H. van Krevel, G. Botty, A. C. A. Delsing, F. J. DiSalvo, D. De With , H. T. Hintzen , J. Alloys Compd.,417 (2006) 273.
56. X. Lou, W. Cao, F. Sun, Chin. Sci. Bull., 53 (2008) 2923.
57. 劉如熹、王健源“白光發光二極體製作技術,台灣台北 ,全華圖書,2001.
58. 國家同步輻射中心, http://www.srrc.gov.tw/chi/about/index.html.
59. D. Hreniak, M. Jasiorski, K. Maruszewski, L. Kepinski, L. Krajczyk, J. Misiewicz, W. Sterk, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 298 (2002) 146.
60. J. H. Lee, Y. J. Kim, Mater. Sci. Eng.,146, (2008) 99–102.
61. J. Jin, S. Sakida, T. Yoko, M. Nogami, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 262 (2000) 183.
62. F. Wang, A. Stamboulis, D. Holland, S. Matsuya, A. Takeuchi, Key Eng. Mater.,361 (2008) 825.
63. T. Scaller, J. F. Stebbins, J. Phys. Chem. B., 102 (19988) 10690.
64. J. Qiu, K. Miura, N.Sugimoto, K.Hirao, Non-Cryst. Solids., 213 (1997) 266.
65. S. Freed , Rev. Mod. Phys., 14 (1942) 105.
66. B. R. Judd , J. Chem. Phys., 44 (1966) 839.
67. G. S. Ofelt , J. Chem. Phys., 37 ( 1962) 511.
68. R. Vercaemst, D.Poelman, L. Fiermans, R.L. Van Meirhaeghe, W. H. Laflere, F. Cardo, J. Electron. Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 105 (2006) 21.
69. J. Liao, Y. Wei, B. Qiu, Y. Li, L. Liu, Q. Wu, Physica B., 405 (2010)3507.
70. W. J. L. Oomen, A. M. A. van Dongen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids ,111 (1989) 205.
71. G. Pacchioni, F. Illas, Chem. Phys. 199 (1995) 155.

連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊