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研究生:夏子涵
研究生(外文):Tzu-HanHsia
論文名稱:家庭能源管理系統之感性設計
論文名稱(外文):Kansei design for home energy management system
指導教授:施勵行施勵行引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li-Hsing Shih
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:資源工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:127
中文關鍵詞:家庭能源管理系統感性設計感性工學人性化
外文關鍵詞:home energy management systemKansei designKansei Engineeringhumanity
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科技發展為了滿足使用者需求而不斷精進,並透過更人性化的設計,讓使用者在使用過程中能更具效率。在日常生活中,為有效率管理能源使用狀況,更應以貼近人性的感性設計,來開發家庭能源管理系統。然而,家庭能源管理系統所提供的產品與服務,是否能夠真正貼近使用者需求和協助其達成有效的管理方式,便成為在此欲探討的主題。藉由探討使用者實際需求,透過感性工學將家庭能源管理系統的設計參數與使用者所產生的感性語彙做連結,以開發出最佳的設計組合。本研究方法大致可分為六大部分,分別為:(1)探討現代產品與人性間所產生的矛盾;(2)研究樣本範圍選定;(3)感性意象與語彙選定;(4)設計參數萃取與研究樣本選定;(5)進行實驗;(6)研究結果分析:實驗所得到的質性資料透過複迴歸分析將其量化,建立感性語彙與設計參數關聯性,進而尋求設計參數之最佳組合。透過本研究期望能了解使用者對於系統的實際需求,避免不必要的設計產生。並使產品開發者可透過感性語彙對應出適合的設計要素組合,設計出更貼近人性的家庭能源管理系統。
本研究結果建立全體受測者及依據性別、所得和年齡所分群之討論。其中對於大眾而言,對HEMS首重專屬感,影響專屬感的設計參數為個人化程度和控制全數家電。且若專屬感越高,使用者接受程度越高;若隱私受侵犯程度越高,對於系統接受度越低。所得3萬元以上者較重視專屬感,所得3萬元以下者較重視被替代的感受。對於所得較高者而言,專屬感越高,接受度越高;對所得低者而言,越節能,接受度越高。40歲以上者對系統較重視能源消耗的感受,30歲以上重視專屬感。於本研究中亦藉由顧客接受程度與設計參數對應關係得出全體與各分群之最適組合。並由討論家庭能源管理系統之感性設計,提供不同感受下得最適建議。
Throughout time, technology has evolved to meet the needs of its consumers, and through the humanization of its design, has made the experience more efficient.
In order to manage energy consumption efficiently in our daily lives, we should utilize the Kansei design to develop the home energy management system (HEMS). However, whether the products and services of HEMS can fully meet the demands and needs of its consumers has become main topic of discussion. By exploring the consumer’s real needs, as well as applying Kansei engineering to build a connection between HEMS’ design parameters and user Kansei words, we are able to develop the best design combination. This research method is divided into the following six parts: 1.Exploring the conflict between modern products and humanity2. The choice of the scope of study sample 3.The choice of Kansei images and words 4.The choices of design parameters and the study sample 5. Conducting experiments 6. Analysis of research results. The results of multiple regression analysis are used to build the connection between Kansei words and design parameters, which are used to seek the best combination of design parameters. For this study, we hope to understand more about the users’ real needs ,to avoid any unnecessary designs. This will allow the product developer to find the suitable design parameter combinations through the use of Kansei words, permitting a more humanized HEMS design.
The research result reveals overall and discusses different attributes of each group, gender, income and ages. Overall, they particularly care about personification. Personification design parameters are influenced by the degree of personality and the controllable amount of home appliance. The degrees of user acceptance to HEMS have a positive effect with the degree of personification and have a negative effect with an invasion of privacy. People with salaries over thirty thousands; put a higher emphasis on personification. People with salaries fewer than thirty thousand mainly focus on being replaceable. For the relative high income, the acceptance of HEMS will increase with the feeling of personification. For the relative low income, the acceptance of HEMS will decrease only if it saves energy. People over forty years old put a higher emphasis on energy consumption. People over thirty years old view personality the most important. This study also reveals the overall and different attributes groups suitable combinations. According the Kansei design for HEMS, it would suggest the best solutions for different opinions.
中文摘要 ........................................................................................................................... I
Abstract ............................................................................................................................. II
致謝 ................................................................................................................................ III
目錄 ................................................................................................................................ IV
表目錄………………………………………………………………………………….VI
圖目錄 .......................................................................................................................... VIII
第一章 緒論 .................................................................................................................... 1
1.1研究背景與動機 ................................................................................................ 1
1.2 研究目的 ........................................................................................................... 3
1.3 研究方法與流程 .............................................. 4
1.4 研究範圍 .................................................... 4
第二章 文獻回顧 ............................................................................................................ 6
2.1人性與科技 ........................................................................................................ 6
2.1.1 智慧家庭與使用者感受 ........................................................................ 8
2.1.2 家庭能源管理系統與使用者感受 ...................................................... 10
2.2感性工學 .......................................................................................................... 16
2.2.1感性工學概述 ....................................................................................... 17
2.2.2感性工學應用 ....................................................................................... 19
第三章 家庭能源管理系統 .......................................................................................... 21
3.1家庭能源管理系統簡介........................................................................................ 21
3.2家庭能源管理系統使用的技術 ...................................................................... 23
第四章 研究方法步驟與分析 ...................................................................................... 27
4.1 研究架構與說明 ............................................................................................. 27
4.2設計參數 .......................................................................................................... 30
4.2.1 設計參數蒐集 ...................................................................................... 30
4.2.2設計參數篩選 ....................................................................................... 32
4.3 感性語彙 ......................................................................................................... 35
4.3.1 感性語彙蒐集 ...................................................................................... 35
4.3.2 感性語彙篩選 ...................................................................................... 37
4.4直交表選擇以建構研究樣本 .......................................................................... 38
4.5問卷設計 .......................................................................................................... 40
第五章 研究結果分析 .................................................................................................. 41
5.1 問卷樣本資料分析 ......................................................................................... 41
5.2 設計參數與感性語彙之關聯分析 ................................................................. 42
5.2.1 全體受測者對於家庭能源管理系統與感性語彙的關聯分析 .......... 44
5.2.2 分群受測者對於家庭能源管理系統與感性語彙的關聯分析 .......... 46
5.2.2.1 性別分群分析 ................................................................................... 46
5.2.2.2所得分群分析 .................................................................................... 51
5.2.2.3年齡分群分析 .................................................................................... 56
5.3顧客接受程度與感性語彙之關聯分析.................................................................................. 61
5.3.1 全體受測者接受程度與感性語彙的關聯分析 .................................. 62
5.3.2 分群受測者接受程度與感性語彙的關聯分析 .................................. 64
5.3.2.1性別分群分析................................................................................... 64
5.3.2.2所得分群分析................................................................................... 67
5.3.2.3年齡分群分析
5.4 家庭能源管理系統感性設計................................................................................... 70 ......................................................................... 73
5.4.1全體受測者之感性設計 ....................................................................... 73
5.4.2 分群受測者之感性設計 ...................................................................... 74
5.5 小結 ................................................................................................................. 79
第六章 建議與討論 ...................................................................................................... 81
6.1結論 .................................................................................................................. 81
6.2建議 .................................................................................................................. 84
參考文獻 ........................................................................................................................ 85
中文部分 ................................................................................................................ 85
英文部分 ................................................................................................................ 86
網頁部份 ................................................................................................................ 94
附錄
................................................................................................................ 95
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網頁部份
1. 日中環保生態網。可掌握家庭耗電量以促進節電的「家庭能源管理系統」。民100年11月1日,取自http://big5.nikkeibp.com.cn/eco/news/cattechnicalsj/1406-20111031.html
2. Comverge,民國100年11月1日,取自http://www.comverge.com/
3. ZigBee,民國100年11月1日,取自 http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/ZigBee
4.ZigBee ,民國100年11月1日,取自http://www.2cm.com.tw/technologyshow_content.asp?sn=1108010008
5. Intel ,民國100年12月5,取自http://www.dk101.com/Discuz/viewthread.php?tid=186025
6.ENGADGET,民國100年12月5日,取自http://www.engadget.com/2011/01/04/lg-thinq-linqs-your-smart-appliances-with-wifi-and-smartphone-ap/
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http://www.mremote.de/Download files/291109 mmh %20Handbuch v1.01.
RC3.pdf. Handbook Ver. 1.1.RC3.
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