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研究生:張瓊之
研究生(外文):Chiung-TzeChang
論文名稱:國家公園環境承載力評量模型之建立與應用研究
論文名稱(外文):The Construction and Application of Carrying Capacity Evaluation Model in National Park
指導教授:陳家榮陳家榮引用關係陳翰紳陳翰紳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chia-Yon ChenChia-Yon Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:資源工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:158
中文關鍵詞:生態足跡生態承載力生態安全國家公園
外文關鍵詞:Ecological FootprintEcological Carrying CapacityEcological SecurityNational Park
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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  • 下載下載:69
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
近年來隨著全球產業的升級轉型,觀光產業已經是全世界公認最具發展潛力的產業之一,台灣政府也順應著主流趨勢,針對重要觀光景點發展中程計畫。其中,國家公園被視為國家發展觀光遊憩產業中的最重要資源。然而,伴隨著觀光產業的快速成長,旅遊過程中對環境造成衝擊之課題也相繼出現。
本研究以太魯閣國家公園為研究案例,應用生態足跡模型建立國家公園環境承載力模型,計算2002至2011年的生態足跡與環境承載力等相關指標,以檢視太魯閣國家公園目前之環境現況;其次,利用線性推估法,預測太魯閣在仍可保有永續發展及生物多樣性等條件下,各生態安全等級的遊客人次臨界值,以供國家公園管理者做為日後控管與決策遊客承載量之參考依據;最後根據研究結果,對太魯閣國家公園環境永續發展提出對策與建議。
實證結果顯示,太魯閣國家公園的總體生態足跡由2002年的36,623.671 gha增加至2011年的48,147.544 gha,十年中成長了31.47%;而總體人均生態足跡近十年呈現下降趨勢,由2002年之0.040647 gha降至2011年之0.016747 gha,降幅為58.8%。而在五大類活動足跡當中,以交通生態足跡佔最大宗(60.84%),其次為休閒活動足跡 (33.83%),而後依次為食物與纖維消費生態足跡(4.05%)和住宿生態足跡(1.28%),汙水處理生態足跡佔比最小(趨近於零)。從生態安全角度來看,近十年來太魯閣國家公園的環境承載皆處於盈餘狀態,但盈餘有愈趨減少之趨勢,人均生態盈餘自2002年的0.085010gha減至2011年的0.022633gha,減少幅度約73.38%;而以生態壓力指數檢視,園區近十年來皆處於等級1之安全狀態。
線性推估之預測結果顯示,當生態壓力指數到達0.5,也就是生態安全等級由1(安全)降為2(較安全)時,其遊客承載之臨界值為3,380,351人次,是2011年遊客人次的1.18倍;另外,當生態壓力指數為0.8,指標狀態降為等級3(臨界)時,遊客承載之臨界值為5,408,561人次,相當於2011年遊客人次的1.88倍。

Along with upgrading and transformation of the global industry in recent years, tourism is worldwidly recognized as one of the most potential industry. Taiwan's government conform to the mainstream trend and set up the medium-term plan for the development of the focusing attractions. Moreover, national parks are regarded as the most important resource in the country where develops the tourism and recreation industry. However, following the rapid growth of the tourism industry, the issues of environmental impacts during the process of trip have also emerged.

Based on the example of Taroko National Park, this article has the aim to apply the ecological footprint analysis to establish the framework of national park environmental carrying capacity model, and use it to calculate the indicators of ecological footprint and environmental carrying capacity from 2002 to 2011. Furthermore, we use the approach of linear estimation to predict the threshold of visitor arrivals in each level of ecological security.

The research indicates following results: (1) the overall ecological footprint in Taroko National Park climbed steadily from 36,623.671 gha (or 0.040647 gha per capita) in 2002 to 48,147.544 gha (or 0.016747 gha per capita) in 2011. (2) Within the five types of activities, transport ecological footprint accounted for the largest (60.84%), followed by activities ecological footprint(33.83%), food and fibre consumption ecological footprint(4.05%), accommodation ecological footprint(1.28%), and waste water ecological footprint accounted for the minimum (near zero). (3) The Taroko National Park maintains the state of ecological remainder during the past decade, but surplus was getting reduced that dropped swiftly form 0.085010gha per capita in 2002 to 0.022633gha per capita in 2011. (4) In the aspect of ecological security, the ecological footprint intensity index(EFI) over the past decade remained in Level 1 (safety).

The results of linear estimation shows that when EFI reaches 0.5, which means the ecological security from Level 1 (safety) to Level 2 (less safety), the threshold of visitor arrivals is approximately 3.4 million that is equivalent to 1.18 times in 2011’s level. However, when EFI reaches 0.8 with the ecological security of Level 3 (critical), the threshold of visitor arrivals is about 5.4 million, equivalent to 1.88 times in 2011’s level.

摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 IV
目錄 V
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 3
第三節 研究目的 6
第四節 研究範圍與限制 7
第五節 研究內容與流程 8
第二章 文獻回顧 11
第一節 台灣國家公園與永續管理 11
第二節 太魯閣國家公園環境發展狀況 13
第三節 環境承載力相關理論探討 16
第四節 生態足跡相關理論探討 18
第五節 生態安全之相關理論探討 25
第六節 永續發展評估指標之發展與應用 27
第三章 研究方法 33
第一節 研究設計與資料來源 33
第二節 建構國家公園環境承載力模型 37
第三節 生態安全分析與評價 47
第四章 實證分析 49
第一節 生態足跡分析 49
第二節 環境承載力分析 99
第三節 生態安全評價與預測 106
第五章 結論與建議 111
第一節 結論與建議 111
第二節 研究建議 114
參考文獻 117
附錄表格1 125
附錄表格2 129
附錄表格3 140
附錄表格4 148
附錄表格5 150
附錄表格6 157


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