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研究生:鄭凱文
研究生(外文):Kai-WenCheng
論文名稱:應用於寬頻射頻前端系統的微波元件與三倍頻器及次諧波混頻器之研製
論文名稱(外文):Microwave Components, Tripler and Sub-harmonically Mixer for the Broadband RF Front-end System Applications
指導教授:王永和王永和引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yeong-Her Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:微電子工程研究所碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:三倍頻器二次諧波混頻器半循環器巴倫電路分佈式放大器帶通濾波器
外文關鍵詞:triplersub-harmonic mixerdual band quasi-circulatorultra-wideband active balunfilterMMIC
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本論文首先使用WIN 0.15μm PHEMT製程,實現微小化寬頻帶通濾波器,本次設計主要利用傳統耦合線所製成的帶通濾波器,再並聯電容以進行微小化,並利用其在低頻的高抑制能力去實現寬頻三倍頻器。經過量測後電路的轉換損耗在射頻頻率操作於30~70 GHz為11~26 dB,基頻抑制為11.25~25.54 dB,二次諧波抑制為18~66.67 dB,而P1dB為6 dBm,晶片面積為0.8 × 0.7 mm2。
第二部份延續先前提出的微小化寬頻帶通濾波器使用WIN 0.15μm PHEMT製程,實現寬頻二次諧波混頻器,用以提升LO-to-RF的isolation,並提升其操作頻寬。經過量測後電路的轉換增益在射頻頻率操作於28~72 GHz為5.02~11.5 dB,LO-to-RF的isolation為10.64~27.9 dB,而P1dB為-1 dBm,晶片面積為1.8 × 0.76 mm2。
第三部份使用TSMC CMOS 90 nm製程,實現雙頻帶寬頻半循環器,本次設計主要是利用分佈式放大器拓展其操作頻寬,並藉由兩組不同頻帶藍吉耦合器進行訊號傳輸。經過量測後電路在射頻頻率操作於14~40 GHz傳輸端至天線端的輸入損耗為0.3~3.5 dB,天線端至接收端為0.9 ~ 9 dB,而傳輸端至接收端的isolation為18~22.8 dB,P1dB為-3 dBm,40~67 GHz傳輸端至天線端的輸入損耗為0.3~3.96 dB,天線端至接收端的輸入增益為-0.7~0.8 dB,傳輸端至接收端的isolation為12.9~14.78 dB,P1dB為-3 dBm,晶片面積為0.97 × 0.96 mm2。
第四部份使用TSMC CMOS 90 nm製程,實現超寬頻主動巴倫電路,本次設計承接上章節分佈式放大器的運用,利用其寬頻特性拓展其操作頻寬,並疊接第二組分佈式放大器來達到兩輸出端的差動訊號,經過量測後電路在射頻頻率操作於10~67 GHz,Port 1至Port 2 的輸入增益為-2.58~2.35 dB,Port 1至Port 3的輸入增益為-2.43~2.59 dB,兩埠間振幅差為0.76 dB,相位差為180∘± 10∘,Port 1至Port 2的P1dB為7 dBm,Port 1至Port 3的P1dB為6 dBm,晶片面積為0.83× 0.57 mm2。

A miniature broadband band-pass filter using the WIN 0.15 µm GaAs pHEMT process, consisting of the traditional couple line and shunt capacitor, is proposed. The shunt capacitors are used to reduce couple line length of the proposed band-pass filter. Application to Ka to M band frequency tripler to enhance fundamental suppression is presented. The measured results show that the conversion loss is 11-26 dB, fundamental suppression is 11.25-25.54 dB, second harmonic suppression is 18-66.67 dB, and the P1dB is 6 dBm from RF bandwidth 30 to 70 GHz. The chip size is 0.8 × 0.7 mm2.
The proposed miniature broadband band-pass filter to enhance the LO to RF isolation of the proposed sub-harmonic mixer is also demonstrated. The measured conversion loss is 5.02-11.5 dB, LO to RF isolation is 10.64-27.9 dB, P1dB is -1 dBm from the RF bandwidth 28 to 72 GHz, and the chip size is 1.8 × 0.76 mm2.
To enhance the operating bandwidth, distributed amplifier is used to a proposed quasi-circulator implemented by a TSMC CMOS 90 nm process. Two different Lange couplers are employed to achieve dual-band performance. The measured S21 and S32 are better than -9 dB, the isolation S31 is better than 18 dB, and the P1dB is -3 dBm at RF bandwidth 14 to 40 GHz. While from the RF bandwidth 40 to 67 GHz, S21 and S32 are better than -0.3 dB, the isolation S31 is better than 12.9 dB, and the P1dB is -3 dBm. The chip size is 0.97 × 0.96 mm2.
An ultra-wideband active balun is achieved by cascoding two sets of distributed amplifier implemented by a TSMC CMOS 90 nm process. The measured results indicate that both S21 and S31 are better than -2.58 dB, the amplitude difference between two ports is 0.76 dB, the phase difference between two ports is 180∘±10∘, and P1dB from port 1 to port 2 is 7 dBm, while port 1 to port 3 is 6 dBm from RF bandwidth 10 to 67 GHz and the chip size is 0.83 × 0.57 mm2.

目錄

中文摘要 I
Abstract III
致謝 V
目錄 VIII
圖目錄 XIII
表目錄 XVIII

第一章 01
緒論 01
1.1 研究動機與背景 01
1.2 論文綱要 03
1.3 參考文獻 04

第二章 05
基本概念 05
2.1 收發機的架構簡介 05
2.2 二極體頻率轉換原理 06
2.3 三倍頻器基本參數 08
2.3.1 轉換增益/損耗(Conversion gain/loss, CG/CL) 08
2.3.2 主(基)頻抑制(Fundamental suppression) 09
2.3.3 二次諧波抑制(Second harmonic suppression) 09
2.4 混頻器基本參數 09
2.4.1 轉換增益/損耗(Conversion gain/loss, CG/CL) 10
2.4.2 隔離度(Isolation) 10
2.4.3 1dB增益壓縮點(1dB compression point; P1dB) 11
2.4.4 三階截斷點(Third order intercept point; IP3) 12
2.5 參考文獻 15

第三章 17
微小化寬頻帶通濾波器之應用 17
3.1 微小化寬頻帶濾波器設計目的與原理 17
3.1.1 微小化寬頻帶通濾波器之理論基礎 17
3.1.2 微小化寬頻帶通濾波器推導 18
3.2 Ka-M Band寬頻三倍頻器 23
3.2.1 研究動機 23
3.2.2 三倍頻器設計 25
3.2.3 電路佈局 26
3.2.4 電路模擬與測試 28
3.2.5 結論 33
3.3 Ka to M Band 次諧波混頻器 35
3.3.1 研究動機 35
3.3.2 電路架構與設計原理 36
3.3.2.1 微小化寬頻帶通濾波器運用 36
3.3.2.2 APDP次諧波產生架構 37
3.3.2.3 二次諧波混頻器設計 41
3.3.3 電路佈局 43
3.3.4 電路模擬與測試 45
3.3.5 結論 52
3.3.6 參考文獻 54

第四章 57
分佈式放大器之應用 57
4.1 分佈式放大器解析 57
4.2 雙頻帶半循環器 60
4.2.1 研究動機 60
4.2.2 電路架構與設計原理 61
4.2.3 電路佈局 66
4.2.4 電路模擬與測試 68
4.2.5 結論 74
4.3 寬頻帶巴倫電路 75
4.3.1 研究動機 75
4.3.2 電路架構與設計原理 76
4.3.3 電路佈局 79
4.3.4 電路模擬 81
4.3.4 電路測試 84
4.3.5 結論 88
4.3.6 參考文獻 89

第五章 91
結論 91
5.1 結論 91
5.2 未來研究 92

作者簡介 94





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