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研究生:李雨哲
研究生(外文):Yu-JheLi
論文名稱:非接觸式磷酸鋰鐵電池充電器之設計與研製
論文名稱(外文):Design and Implementation of a Contactless Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery Charging Circuit
指導教授:黃世杰黃世杰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shyh-Jier Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:134
中文關鍵詞:非接觸充電器磷酸鋰鐵電池
外文關鍵詞:ContactlessCharging CircuitLithium Iron Phosphate Battery
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本文旨在研發一非接觸式充電系統,並以磷酸鋰鐵電池作為系統負載,於非接觸式主電力電路部分,考量其漏磁通現象將較傳統緊密耦合變壓器嚴重,係於兩側線圈加入補償電容,並利用阻抗匹配與諧振原理,提升系統效能。同時經由互感等效模型建立,推導系統輸出電壓公式,並統整一套設計流程,可依所需之系統規格參數,完成線圈設計。最後為使磷酸鋰鐵電池負載可於快速安全情況下完成充電,本文於非接觸系統輸出端,加入充電控制電路調整充電電壓與電流,同時經由電池特性之探討,擬訂合適之充電策略,並利用單晶片程式撰寫實現所需之充電控制。而為驗證所提方法之可行性,本文已完成電路實作及進行實際量測,測試結果與推導之數學式計算結果相近,且系統可於既定之輸出功率情況下,達成滿意之傳輸效率,並使電池容量符合飽電率要求,測試結果應有助於證實本文所提之設計方法,兼以具備實作研製參考價值。
This thesis is aimed to design a contactless charging system for lithium iron phosphate battery. Compared to the traditional tightly coupled transformer, the flux-leakage phenomenon is found to be more serious in the contactless transformer, resulting in lower electric power transmission efficiency. In view of this drawback along with the consideration of impedance matching and circuit resonance, the proposed method adds compensation capacitors in two sides of coil such that the voltage drop caused by the leakage inductance can be more effectively eliminated. Meanwhile, the formulas for system output voltage based on the mutual inductance circuit model is derived, which is beneficial to form a systematic design procedure to accomplish the coil windings to satisfy the system specification requirements. Then, in order to charge the battery module under fast and safe conditions, a charging control circuit is also cascaded to regulate the charging voltage and current, by which the charging strategy is well developed and realized by the single-chip programming. To verify the feasibility of the proposed method, a prototype circuit has been established and tested. Experimental results of the overall system show that the output voltage is well matched with the derived equations, while the power transmission achieves a satisfactory efficiency on rated output power. The discharging capacity also reaches the required battery capacity as well. These testing results help to confirm the proposed design method and could be a useful reference for the related system design.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
符號說明 XIV
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機 1
1-2 實現方法與文獻回顧 3
1-3 內容大綱 7
第二章 非接觸變壓器等效模型與換流器諧振電路分析 9
2-1 簡介 9
2-2 非接觸變壓器等效模型分析 10
2-2-1 非接觸變壓器架構與磁路分析 10
2-2-2 非接觸變壓器等效電路模型分析 12
2-3 補償諧振電路分析 15
2-3-1 SS補償架構及其輸出特性分析 17
2-3-2 SP補償架構及其輸出特性分析 21
2-4 換流器諧振補償與整流濾波電路分析 24
2-4-1 各式換流器架構探討 25
2-4-2 整流濾波電路分析 28
2-4-3 換流器功率電晶體柔性切換分析 31
2-4-4 換流器與諧振補償電路之時序分析 36
第三章 鋰電池特性與充電法則介紹 46
3-1 簡介 46
3-2 鋰電池發展與特性介紹 46
3-3 充電法則介紹 51
3-3-1 定電流充電法 51
3-3-2 定電流-定電壓充電法 52
3-3-3 脈衝充電法 53
3-4 本文擬定之充電法則 54
第四章 系統軟硬體電路設計與規劃 57
4-1 前言 57
4-2 功率因數修正電路設計 58
4-3 非接觸系統之主電力電路設計 64
4-3-1 半橋式換流器及其驅動電路設計 64
4-3-2 非接觸變壓器及補償電容參數設計 68
4-3-3 整流濾波電路設計 77
4-3-4 過電流保護電路設計 78
4-4 充電控制電路設計 82
第五章 系統模擬與實驗結果 89
5-1 簡介 89
5-2 功率因數修正電路之測試 89
5-3 非接觸能量傳輸電路測試 97
5-3-1 輸出電壓與半橋式換流器柔性切換測試 98
5-3-2 補償電容諧振電路實測波形分析 102
5-3-3 非接觸系統效率實測 120
5-3-4 非接觸系統過電流保護電路測試 121
5-4 充電控制電路測試結果 125
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 128
6-1 結論 128
6-2 未來研究方向 129
參考文獻 130

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