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研究生:方祥安
研究生(外文):Shyang-AnFang
論文名稱:輔以無線感測網路於無刷直流馬達驅動器之故障區段診測平台設計及實現
論文名稱(外文):Design and Implementation of Fault-Diagnosis and Monitoring Platform for Wireless Sensor Network-Aided Brushless DC Motor Drives
指導教授:黃世杰黃世杰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shyh-Jier Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:直流無刷馬達驅動器開路故障診測無線感測網路
外文關鍵詞:BLDCDrive open circuit fault-diagnosisWireless sensor network
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本文主要研究目的為建立一套診測演算流程及硬體架構,並將其應用於無刷直流馬達驅動器內部功率開關元件開路故障之診測。相較於其他較繁瑣的故障辨識演算法,本文透過觀察馬達運轉之電氣特性,提出一套精簡演算辨識流程,不僅減少系統運算時間,同時亦可降低硬體電路成本,進而可提升故障辨識效率。而本文於硬體電路架構上輔以微控制處理晶片做為系統核心,除負責故障診測演算流程之運算處理外,同時整合周邊硬體電路,以使系統在訊息傳達上更臻完善。而為改善通訊效能及減少網路佈線成本,本文採用無線感測網路作為診測硬體平台與遠端監測平台之溝通介面,俾以透過無線傳輸優點,提升整體系統監測便利實用性。而為驗證本系統設計之可行性,本文已由硬體實作審慎測試,並實際模擬驗證驅動器故障情境,測試結果應足佐證本研製系統確已具備無刷直流馬達驅動器診測及即時遠端監測功能,對於協助相關馬達驅動器之即時監測,亦具高度參考應用價值。
This thesis presents the fault-diagnosis scheme and hardware architecture for brushless DC motor drives. Different from most complicated fault diagnosis algorithms, this thesis proposes a compact fault-diagnosis algorithm through the observation of electrical characteristics of the motors. By employing this algorithm, it not only reduces the computation time of fault detection, but also decreases the investment cost of hardware circuits. In this proposed hardware scheme, microprocessor control chip serves as the core of the system, by which the peripheral devices are also well integrated. Moreover, wireless sensor network is utilized in this scheme such that the remote monitoring can be more easily performed, while the remote monitoring can be realized with a higher convenience. In order to verify the feasibility of the proposed method, several experiments have been performed. Test outcome indicates that the proposed approach owns the function of fault- diagnosis of brushless DC motor drives along with the remote monitoring capability, which is beneficial to the monitoring of other electric motor drives.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 1
1-2 研究方法及步驟 2
1-3 各章重點之簡述 5
第二章 直流無刷馬達介紹 7
2-1 前言 7
2-2 電動機種類介紹 7
2-3 直流無刷馬達架構 12
2-4 無刷直流馬達驅動方法 16
第三章 無刷直流馬達故障問題探討 21
3-1 前言 21
3-2無刷直流馬達數學模型建立 21
3-3直流無刷馬達驅動電流迴路 24
3-4直流無刷馬達故障問題描述 29
3-5故障演算流程 32
第四章 硬體設計規劃 38
4-1 前言 38
4-2系統架構介紹 38
4-3無刷直流馬達故障檢測平台介紹 38
4-3-1 運算核心模組之介紹 40
4-3-2 韌體整合開發環境 42
4-3-3 類比轉數位模組之介紹 44
4-3-4 電流迴路之介紹 47
4-3-5 顯示控制介面 51
4-3-6 無線通訊模組 53
4-4 遠端監測系統 57
第五章 實驗結果 60
5-1 前言 60
5-2 測試平台之規劃 60
5-3 訊號轉換模組量測 64
5-4 無刷直流馬達故障區段診斷 68
5-5 遠端通訊測試 74
5-6 實際運轉測試 77
第六章 結論及未來研究方向 84
6-1 研究結論 84
6-2 研究成果與貢獻 84
6-3 未來研究方向 85
參考文獻 86

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