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研究生:劉杰諠
研究生(外文):Jie-XuanLiu
論文名稱:電動載具充電用非接觸式編織型感應饋電系統之研製
論文名稱(外文):Study on Contactless Weaving-Type Inductive Power Transmission Charging System for Electric Vehicles
指導教授:李嘉猷
指導教授(外文):Jia-You Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:非接觸式電動載具充電系統
外文關鍵詞:contactlesselectric vehiclescharging system
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:5
  • 點閱點閱:174
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  • 下載下載:26
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本論文旨在研究電動載具充電用非接觸式編織型感應饋電系統之研製,其特點是以編織型且無鐵芯方式繞製初級側繞組,使充電平台可以提供均勻磁場,以抵銷反向磁通,改善傳統耦合結構必需對位良好之問題,提高感應充電平台以及電動載具對於位移上的容忍度。並探討編織型繞組結構之可行性,且為增加電能傳輸能力。文中針對目前市面上非接觸式感應電能傳輸技術應用在各種不同情況下做介紹,以及探討傳統型與編織型耦合結構優缺點,最後依應用場合從中選出適合的結構,並且搭配周邊電路構成長寬皆為28公分的電動載具用非接觸式感應充電平台。最後實驗結果顯示,於9公分氣隙下,最高電能傳輸效率為38.5%,於2公分氣隙下,最大傳輸能力為690瓦,效率為81.5%,且充電電流為2.5A。
The purpose of the thesis is to study a weaving-type and Coreless contactless inductive power transmission system with electromagnetic coupling technique. A weaving-type inductive platform which consists of a winding coil is proposed for improving the uniform magnetic field distribution over the charging surface. Effectiveness for stabilizing the amount of the transmitted power against a load changes or the secondary side’s displacement are the features of weaving-type coils. Finally, a design procedure is proposed and verified by the experiments and choose a appropriate coupling structure for this applications. A weaving-type contactless inductive charging platform whose length and width is both 28 cm and an transmission efficiency of about 38.5% has been achieved for the coupled structures through 9 cm air gap. The highest power of load is approximately 690 watts through 2 cm air gap and transmission efficiency of about 81.5% and charging current is 2.5A.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機 1
1-2 研究背景 2
1-3 研究方法 5
1-4 論文大綱 6
第二章 非接觸感應耦合原理與特性 8
2-1 前言 8
2-2 感應線圈基本原理 8
2-3 感應電能傳輸之工作原理 9
2-4 感應線圈之非理想效應與損耗 10
2-5 非接觸式編織型耦合結構 12
2-6 非理想變壓器等效模型分析 17
2-7 系統架構 19
第三章 導軌型感應耦合結構模擬與研製 21
3-1 前言 21
3-2 非接觸式充電平台整體系統架構簡述 21
3-3 非接觸式感應電能傳輸系統之分析 22
3-4 驅動電路分析 23
3-5 諧振電路之分析 24
3-6 編織型感應耦合結構模擬與分析 28
3-7 二次電池與電池充電策略 32
3-7-1 鉛酸蓄電池 33
3-7-2 鎳鎘電池 33
3-7-3 鎳氫電池 33
3-7-4 鋰離子電池 34
3-7-5 磷酸鐵鋰電池 34
3-8 電池充電策略 35
3-8-1 定電流充電法 35
3-8-2 定電壓充電法 35
3-8-3 定電流與定電壓充電法 36
3-8-4 脈衝充電法 37
第四章 非接觸感應充電平台系統硬體電路 38
4-1 前言 38
4-2 整體系統電路架構 38
4-3 初級側電路 39
4-3-1 全橋變流器 39
4-3-2 電流峰值追蹤電路 45
4-4 感應充電平台結構繞製 47
4-5 次級側電路 49
4-5-1 整流濾波電路 49
4-5-2 降壓式轉換器 50
4-5-3 充電電路 51
4-6 非接觸式感應充電平台設計流程 54
第五章 系統模擬與實驗結果 57
5-1 前言 57
5-2 系統規格與硬體電路 57
5-3 IsSpice電路模擬 58
5-4 系統實驗結果與波形量測 61
5-5 耦合結構量測結果與充電曲線 65
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 70
6-1 結論 70
6-2 未來研究方向 71
參考文獻 72


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