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研究生:賴翊仁
研究生(外文):Yi-RenLai
論文名稱:居室氣流對火災探測器與撒水頭作動的影響
論文名稱(外文):The Influence of Room Flows on the Actuation of Detectors and Sprinkles in Fires
指導教授:林大惠林大惠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ta-Hui Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:機械工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:探測器撒水頭作動時間空調系統吊扇系統FDS
外文關鍵詞:DetectorSprinklerActuation timeAir-conditionCeiling fanFDS
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:381
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  • 下載下載:121
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
本研究主題為一般居室常見流場(冷氣房或室內吊扇)對探測器與撒水頭作動時間之影響。首先針對探測器與撒水頭作動原理之差異造成作動時間不同開始探討,接著利用實尺寸實驗與FDS模擬軟體探討分離式冷氣空調氣流對探測器、撒水頭作動時間之影響,最後是探測器與撒水頭受實際空間障礙物(吊扇)擺設影響之探討。
實驗結果顯示探測器與撒水頭的作動條件,主要與設置位置及火源的距離有關,距離火源越近即越早作動,同時也發現光電式探測器較敏感且容易作動,酒精玻璃球式撒水頭也比金屬熔絲式撒水頭容易作動,另外,空調與吊扇氣流確實會影響偵測器與撒水頭之作動時間,其中吊扇推動的氣流延遲探測器與撒水頭作動時間較為明顯;而比較實尺寸實驗與模擬軟體FDS結果,發現定性上模擬結果與實驗結果相同。

This thesis is focused on the effects of frequently-found room flows (air-condition vent flow or ceiling fan flow) on the detector and sprinkler actuation time. First, we studied the actuation time based on the different action principle of the detector and sprinkler. Then, we use full scale experiments and simulation software FDS to explore the influence of air-condition flow on detector and sprinkler actuation time. Finally, we studied the detector and sprinkler actuation time as affected by the ceiling fan.
The study results show that the detector and sprinkler actuation conditions are affected by the distance to the fire location. If a detector is closer to the fire, sooner will the actuation be. At the same time, we find that smoke detectors are easier to actuate than heat detectors and glass-bulb sprinklers are easier to actuate than fusible-alloy sprinklers. The air-condition vent and ceiling fan definitely affect the detector and sprinkler actuation time. The effects from the ceiling fan was more profound than those from the air-condition flow. Finally, comparison between the results of full size experiments and FDS show similar trends of actuation time.

目錄 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- IV
表目錄 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- VII
圖目錄 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ VIII
符號說明 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ X
FDS 模擬符號說明 ----------------------------------------------------------------- XI
一、前言 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1
1-1 文獻回顧 ----------------------------------------------------------------- 1
1-1-1 一般住宅撒水頭 ----------------------------------------------- 1
1-1-2 一般常見探測器 ----------------------------------------------- 6
1-1-3 FDS 相關文獻 --------------------------------------------------- 8
1-2 研究目的與方法 ------------------------------------------------------- 10
二、實驗設備及規劃 -------------------------------------------------------------- 11
2-1 實驗設備 ---------------------------------------------------------------- 11
2-1-1 實驗場整體架構 ---------------------------------------------- 11
2-1-2 量測系統 ------------------------------------------------------- 11
2-1-3 撒水頭與探測器系統----------------------------------------- 11
2-2 實驗規劃 ---------------------------------------------------------------- 12
2-2-1 實驗項目規劃 ------------------------------------------------- 12
2-2-2 實驗步驟 ------------------------------------------------------- 13
三、數值模擬 ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 14
3-1 模型建立的理論基礎 ------------------------------------------------- 14
3-1-1 熱流模型 ------------------------------------------------------- 14
3-1-2 燃燒模型 ------------------------------------------------------- 15
3-1-3 熱輻射模型 ---------------------------------------------------- 16
3-2 居室火災模擬參數設定 ---------------------------------------------- 17
3-2-1 模擬場景尺寸設定-------------------------------------------- 17
3-2-2 軟體與空間網格設定----------------------------------------- 17
3-2-3 表面材料設定 ------------------------------------------------- 17
3-2-4 場景條件設定 ------------------------------------------------- 17
3-3 居室火災發生時空調系統對撒水頭作動時間影響模擬參數設
定 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18
3-3-1 模擬場景尺寸設定-------------------------------------------- 18
3-3-2 表面材料設定 ------------------------------------------------- 19
3-3-3 場景條件設定 ------------------------------------------------- 19
四、結果與討論 -------------------------------------------------------------------- 20
4-1 探測器與撒水頭作動時間實驗結果 ------------------------------- 20
4-1-1 差動式探測器與光電式探測器之探討 -------------------- 20
4-1-2 酒精玻璃球式撒水頭與金屬熔絲式撒水頭之探討 ----- 22
4-2 居室火災發生時空調系統對撒水頭作動時間影響實驗結果 - 24
4-2-1 火源在居室角落(C1) ------------------------------------------ 25
4-2-2 火源在居室西方牆腳(W1) ----------------------------------- 27
4-2-3 火源在居室南方牆腳(W2) ----------------------------------- 28
4-2-4 火源在居室正中央(M1) -------------------------------------- 29
4-3 居室火災發生時吊扇系統對撒水頭作動時間影響實驗結果 - 30
4-3-1 火源在居室角落(C1) ------------------------------------------ 31
4-3-2 火源在居室西方牆腳(W1) ----------------------------------- 32
4-3-3 火源在居室南方牆腳(W2) ----------------------------------- 33
4-3-4 火源在居室正中央(M1) -------------------------------------- 34
4-4 FDS 模擬結果 ---------------------------------------------------------- 34
4-4-1 居室火災模擬分析-------------------------------------------- 35
4-4-2 居室火災發生時空調系統對撒水頭作動時間影響模擬分析------------------------------------------------------------- 36
4-5 所有結果與法規探討 ------------------------------------------------- 41
4-5-1 實尺寸實驗與法規比較結果 -------------------------------- 41
4-5-2 數值模擬與法規比較結果 ----------------------------------- 41
五、結論 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 43
六、建議 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 45
七、參考文獻 ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 46
八、圖表 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 50
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