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研究生:蘇煒淩
研究生(外文):Wei-LingSu
論文名稱:工具機碳足跡評估方法與工具研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Method and Calculation Tool for Carbon Footprint Assessment of Machine Tool
指導教授:陳家豪陳家豪引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ja-Hau Lewis Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:機械工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:97
中文關鍵詞:工具機生命週期評估ErP指令溫室氣體潛能評估工具
外文關鍵詞:Machine ToolsLife Cycle InventoryErpGHG Emission Impact Assessment Tool
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近年來碳足跡的議題備受重視,新的歐盟指令ErP(Energy related Product)針對使用能源的產品制定中,各國製造廠皆積極準備因應政策,但目前國內溫室氣體潛能主要著重在電子產品方面,較少對工具機做碳足跡評估及分析。
本研究針對工具機碳足跡評估的相關方法提出了一套評估方法,不需盤查標準零件的材料與製程,使標準零件生產階段盤查提升至可直接由料表資訊評估標準零件的溫室氣體排放量。另外,提出加工件的預留量計算方式,不僅能提高工程師評估碳足跡的速度,也能由加工件的工程圖中獲得該加工件的溫室氣體排放量。接著,提出運輸、使用及終期階段的溫室氣體排放計算方式,並利用Microsoft Office Access 2007這套軟體,開發出一個適用於工具機碳足跡評估的工具,將工具機標準零件的生產階段溫室氣體排放量內建於工具當中,並可維護軟體的database及安裝於客戶電腦。最後,選定BT40直結式主軸及EMVC工具機整機為案例,利用此工具機碳足跡評估工具評估及計算。

Recently, the issue of Carbon footprint has been taken seriously, and the new of ErP instruction is making the laws of the products which consume energy. The manufactories are preparing for the response to this policy actively. But, carbon footprint assessment for the products in domestic is much more focused on electronic products, and less on machine tools.
This research describes the carbon footprint assessment of machine tool and provides a method which doesn’t need to interrogate materials and process of the standard parts. This method can get greenhouse gas (GHG) emission of the manufacturer stage of standard parts from bill of materials directly. Furthermore, this research provides the calculation method of the finishing allowance of the work parts. This method may not only accelerate engineers’ estimation of carbon footprints for machined parts, but also obtain GHG emission of machined parts from the engineering drawing. Then, this research provides the calculation of GHG emission of transportation stage, use stage and end of life stage. This research develops a carbon footprint’s assessment tool of the machine tool by using Microsoft Office Access 2007. This assessment tool contains the standard parts’ GHG of the machine tool production phase, the database of the software can also be maintained, and be installed in the client’s computer. Finally, this research takes a BT40 spindle and an EMVC machine tool for example, using this assessment tool to calculate and estimate the carbon footprint of those examples.

摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 文獻回顧 2
1-3 研究動機與目的 8
1-4 論文架構 9
第二章 生命週期評估與碳足跡概論 10
2-1 生命週期評估方法概述 10
2-2 碳足跡介紹 16
2-3 資料評分 17
2-4 環境指標概論 18
第三章 工具機計算碳足跡評估相關方法 23
3-1 本評估方法之邊界 23
3-2 標準零件生產階段碳足跡計算 24
3-3 加工件生產階段碳足跡計算 32
3-4 使用階段碳足跡計算 41
3-5 運輸階段與終期階段碳足跡計算 42
第四章 工具機碳足跡評估工具介紹 43
4-1 評估工具介紹 43
4-2 本評估工具與其他評估工具的比較 53
第五章 工具機碳足跡計算案例分析 58
5-1 BT40直結式主軸 58
5-2 EMVC工具機 67
第六章 結論與建議 81
6-1 結論 81
6-2 未來建議 83
參考文獻 85
附錄A 軟體SW各鋼材之材料及製程溫室氣體排放係數 93

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