跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.235.56.11) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/04 07:01
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:楊凱傑
研究生(外文):Kai-JieYang
論文名稱:運用雙衛星平台遙測影像建立沿岸水體高時空分辨率總懸浮物質分佈圖:以高屏河口為例
論文名稱(外文):Remote Sensing of total suspended matter concentrations in coastal waters using multi-satellite sensor approach: Example of Goaping river, shelf and canyon system
指導教授:張智華張智華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-Hua Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:環境工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:151
中文關鍵詞:總懸浮物質福衛二號MODIS高屏溪雙衛星遙測
外文關鍵詞:Total Suspended MatterMODISFormosat-2Remote SensingMulti-satellite
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:156
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:23
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
沿岸水體常含有大量懸浮物質(Total Suspended Matter, TSM),主要來自陸源物質的輸送及海底沉積物的再揚起。受到河川流量、潮汐及沿岸流場之作用造成濃度時空分佈特性明顯,高濃度區會有水質惡化的現象,並影響海洋生態、漁業及珊瑚礁的生長,但傳統利用船載具進行監測的方式很難對其時空分佈特性進行分析。本研究利用NASA(National Aeronautics and Space Administration)之Terra及Aqua衛星所搭載Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)感測器之多頻譜優勢、及國人自主福爾摩沙衛星二號(Formosat-2, FS2)其RSI (Remote Sensing Instrument)影像之高時空分辨率特性,採雙衛星平台方式對高屏河口之TSM濃度建立高時空解析度估算公式。
本研究首先運用8幅Aqua-MODIS及Terra-MODIS 250 m解析度Band 1 (620-670 nm)影像及與其對應之高屏河口TSM濃度船測數據建立250 m解析度MODIS-GP-TSM估算公式,R2=0.8376。其次,利用2幅MODIS-GP-TSM所得之高低濃度TSM濃度影像做為地真資料,將與其對應之FS2 RSI影像以MODIS大氣參數與FLAASH模式進行大氣校正獲致海面反射率後,建立8 m解析度FS2-GP-TSM估算公式,R2=0.8567。最後,以2011/6/7海研三號CR1542航次採得之河口到小琉球6點TSM資料進行FS2-GP-TSM驗證,R2=0.6276。驗證結果雖呈現高估現象,但福衛二號呈現之TSM整體空間分佈趨勢仍十分接近。
其次,利用已驗證之FS2-GP-TSM公式分析2005-2010年間高屏河口8 m解析度福衛影像。總計影像為76幅,選出雲覆率較低共41幅,其中可成功套用FLAASH並產製TSM分佈圖的影像在2005年有5幅、2006年有4幅、2007年有6幅、2008年有6幅、2009年有3幅、2010年有7幅,六年共計31幅。由31幅TSM分佈圖中發現,高屏溪沖刷入海的沖淡水團(plume)受地球自轉科氏力所影響,沖淡水團主要擴散方向為出海口偏右,並會分配成沿岸平行流動(coastal current)與向外海擴張增長(bulge region)的兩個明確區域,兩區域之寬度與前三日高屏溪累積流量有關,在有明顯沖淡水團的影像中,累積流量越大沿岸流動區越窄、擴張增長區則越寬。影像上發現高屏河口沖淡水團與海水交會處會出現明顯可見的邊界,此邊界影響海淡水混合及侷限了擴張增長區的發展。配合NOAA(National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)的海洋表面流資料,此邊界發展與開放海域(117.5°E-122.0°E、19.0°N-25.0°N)之流動有關,當春末至夏季時,周遭溪流之沖淡水團及潮汐作用則會影響此邊界形狀的變化,
本研究成功建立FS2運用於高屏河口及沿岸水體之高時空分辨率TSM濃度估算公式,其具有多頻譜影像如MODIS推估水質濃度之可靠度,又具有高空間解析度,就遙測於民生及水資源用途而言,比MODIS水色產品更能反應與河口沖淡水團分佈之細節。此雙重優勢將提供更大範圍及近即時的水資源環境遙測資訊。

Total Suspended Matter (TSM) concentration in nearshore waters plays a very important role to the coastal water quality management, oceanic primary production and coral reef conservation. However, traditional approach provides limited information in terms of spatial and temporal coverage for monitoring TSM concentration in nearshore waters. The MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometers (MODIS) on board Terra and Aqua satellite can provide abundant spectral information for rigorous atmospheric correction and retrieving TSM concentrations from the observation of ocean color in a large scale (250 m resolution). With the advantage of daily-revisit characteristics of Formosat-2 satellite (FS2), the Remote Sensing Instrument (RSI) onboard FS2 provide high-tempospatial data (8 m resolution), however, insufficient spectral information to resolve the water color. With an intention to well understand the dynamic and spatial patterns of TSM concentration in the Goaping river, this study presents a multi-satellite sensor approach that integrate both the advantage of MODIS and RSI to generate high resolution map of TSM concentration on FS2 imagery.
Firstly, a 250 m resolution TSM regression model named MODIS-GP-TSM was established using MODIS Band 1 reflectance and concurrent TSM concentration measured at Gaoping River mouth. Secondly, with the TSM data derived from two MODIS images and MODIS-GP-TSM, an 8 m resolution TSM retrieval model named FS2-GP-TSM was developed on the corresponding FS2 images. The FS2-GP-TSM was verified to another set of field data taken from the river mouth to Lamey Island, with a good agreement between derived and observed TSM concentrations.
The distribution maps of TSM concentrations at Goaping River mouth were generated by FS2-GP-TSM modal in 2005-2010. The phenomenon was found that the Coriolis force would turn the river plume to the right of Goaping River mouth, and shape into two distinct regions which are the coastal current region and bulge region. Besides, the result of observation of maps shows that the width of those regions are related with the discharge of Goaping River for previous three days. While the greater of discharge of Goaping River, it will cause the wider of coastal current region and narrower of bulge region. The distinct boundary between those two regions would affect the blending of seawater and limit the development of bulge region. By the additional analysis with ocean current data from NOAA, the results show that the boundary development is related with sea area (117.5°E-122.0°E、19.0°N-25.0°N), also, the shape of boundary will be affected by surrounding river plume and tidal effect during the end of spring to summer.
This study encourages the use of multi-satellite approaches to extend the application of the FS2 imagery on monitoring costal and nearshore waters where high resolution information is required.

摘要 I
Abstract IV
誌謝 VI
目錄 VII
表目錄 XI
圖目錄 XII
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究問題與目的 2
1.3論文架構 4
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2.1 TSM的重要性 7
2.2衛星遙測TSM方法 8
2.2.1遙測平台 10
2.2.2水質演算 14
2.2.3 嚴謹大氣校正 19
2.2.4雙衛星聯合觀測 22
2.3 影響沖淡水團時空分佈之因子 25
第三章 研究材料與方法 31
3.1 研究區域 31
3.2 MODIS影像取得及處理 32
3.3 福衛二號影像處理 36
3.3.1 錯位修正 39
3.3.2 正射糾正 41
3.3.3 多期影像幾何精配準 44
3.3.4 相對輻射較正 44
3.4 嚴謹大氣校正FLAASH 45
3.5 福衛二號與MODIS影像疊合 48
3.6 TSM採樣與分析方法 52
3.7 HyperSAS光譜資料 56
3.8 流量、雨量及潮位資料 59
3.9 海洋表面流資料 61
3.10 福衛二號影像篩選 62
第四章 結果與驗證 63
4.1 MODIS-GP-TSM推估公式建立 63
4.2 福衛二號影像大氣校正結果與驗證 70
4.3 FS2-GP-TSM推估公式與驗證 73
4.4 高屏河口8 m解析度TSM分佈影像 76
第五章 高屏河口TSM分佈之討論 78
5.1 沖淡水團之分配理論 78
5.2沖淡水團邊界寬度之討論 80
5.2.1 單日流量與TSM濃度的關係 82
5.2.2 累積流量與TSM濃度的關係 82
5.2.3 前第3日流量對沖淡水團寬度的影響 83
5.3 潮汐對沖淡水團邊界形狀與發展之影響 86
5.4 沖淡水團邊界發展侷限之討論 88
5.4.1 海洋表面流對邊界發展之影響 88
5.4.2 其他支流對邊界發展之影響 96
5.5 小結 98
第六章 結論與建議 100
6.1 結論 100
6.2 建議 102
參考文獻 104
附錄一 高屏河口福衛二號影像列表 117
附錄二 各期福衛二號正射影像與TSM分佈圖 125
附錄三-1 影像TSM濃度與高屏溪單日流量 144
附錄三-2 影像TSM濃度與高屏溪累積流量 146
附錄三-3 前第3日流量與沖淡水團寬度 148
附錄三-4 潮汐現象與沖淡水團寬度 150

王君豪,“高屏溪口流場三維結構的觀測分析,中山大學海洋物理研究所碩士論文,高雄市,2007。
吳孟麟,“高屏海底峽谷與陸棚流場之研究,中山大學海洋地質及化學研究所碩士論文,高雄市,2004。
林維明, “實用性逕流量與渠道水理計算之研討,水利會訊,第八期,頁22-46,2005。
國家太空中心,福衛二號特性與應用,財團法人國家實驗研究院太空中心網頁,http://www.nspo.narl.org.tw/2011/tw/F2_image/property.html, 2012
康家珍,劉正千,張智華,“以福衛二號多頻譜高空間分辨率遙測影像分析高屏河口陸源物質輸送之季節性動態變化,2009國科會海洋學門海洋科學成果發表會,花蓮縣,2009。
張育嘉,“高屏峽谷及附近海域之流場觀測,中山大學海洋資源研究所碩士論文,高雄市,2001。
張嘉文,“島嶼型河川之海陸交互作用:潮汐對河口區顆粒態有機碳及無機碳之影響,中山大學海洋地質及化學研究所碩士論文,高雄市,2009。
許華宇,“應用船載水面高光譜擷取系統遙測近岸及內陸水體水質 ,成功大學衛星資訊暨地球環境研究所碩士論文,台南市,2009。
鄭依凡, “運用福爾摩沙二號衛星高時空分辨率遙測影像探討曾文水庫水質之時空變化,成功大學衛星資訊暨地球環境研究所碩士論文,台南市,2010。
譚子健,“應用生光模式及福衛二號遙測影像研究曾文水庫水質之時空分佈 ,成功大學環境工程學系碩士論文,台南市,2007。
Avicola, G., and P. Huq, “The characteristics of recirculating bulge region in coastal buoyant outflows, Journal of Marine Research, 61, pp.435-463, 2003.
Barale, V., and P. M. Schlittenhardt, “Ocean Colour: Theory and Applications in a Decade of CZCS Experience, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht., p.367, 1993.
Boicourt, W. C., “The circulation of water on the continental shelf from Chesapeake Bay to Cape Hatteras Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, 1973.
Bopp, R. F., H. J. Simpson, C. R. Olsen, R. M. Trier, and N. Kostryk, “Chlorinated hydrocarbons and radionuclide chronologies in sediment of the Hudson River and estuary, New York, Environmental Science and Technology, 16, pp.666-676, 1982.
Carter, R. W., “Coastal Environments: An Introduction to the Physical, Ecological, and Cultural Systems of Coastlines, Academic Press, 1992.
Chao, S. Y., “Tidal modulation of estuarine plumes, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 20, pp.1115-1123, 1990.
Chao, S. Y., and W. C. Boicourt, “Onset of estuarine plumes, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 16, pp.2137-2149, 1986.
Cloern, J. E., “Turbidity as a control on phytoplankton biomass and productivity in estuaries, Continental Shelf Research, 7(11), pp.1367-1381, 1987.
Cole, B. E., and J. E. Cloern, “An empirical model for estimating phytoplankton productivity in estuaries, Marine Ecology, Progress Series, 36, pp.299-305, 1987.
De Boer, G. J., J. D. Pietrzak, and J. C. Winterwerp, “SST observations of upwelling induced by tidal straining in the Rhine ROFI, Continental Shelf Research, 29, pp.263-277, 2009.
Dekker, A, G., R. J. Vos, and S. W. M. Peters, “Comparison of remote sensing data, model results and in situ data for total suspended matter (TSM) in the southern Frisian lakes, The Science of the Total Environment, 268, pp.197-214, 2001.
Dennison, W. C., R. J. Orth, K. A. Moore, J. C. Stevenson, V. Carter, and S. Kollar, “Assessing water quality with submersed aquatic vegetation, Bioscience, 43, pp.86-94, 1993.
Diaz, R. J., and R. Rosenberg, “Spreading Dead Zones and Consequences for Marine Ecosystems, Science, 321, pp.926-929, 2008.
Dodge, R. E., R. Aller, and J. Thompson, “Coral growth related to resuspension of bottom sediments, Nature, 247, pp.574-577, 1974.
Doxaran, D., J. M. Froidefond, S. Lavender, and P. Castaing, “Spectral signature of highly turbid waters Application with SPOT data to quantify suspended particulate matter concentrations, Remote Sensing of Environment, 81, pp.149-161, 2002.
Du, Y., P. M. Teillet, and J. Cihlar, “Radiometric normalization of multitemporal high-resolution satellite images with quality control for land cover change detection, Remote Sensing of Environment, 82, pp.123-134, 2002.
Eleveld, M. A., R. Pasterkamp, H. J. van der Woerd, and J. D. Pietrzak, “Remotely sensed seasonality in the spatial distribution of sea-surface suspended particulate matter in the southern North Sea, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 80, pp.103-113, 2008.
Erkkila, A, and R. Kalliola, “Patterns and dynamics of coastal waters in multi-temporal satellite images: support to water quality monitoring in the Archipelago Sea, Finland, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 60, pp.165-177, 2004.
Fain, A. M. V., D. A. Jay, D. J. Wilson, P. M. Orton, and A. M. Baptista, “Seasonal and tidal monthly patterns of particulate matter dynamics in the Columbia River estuary, Estuaries, 24, pp.770-786, 2001.
Ferrari, G. M., F. G. Bo, and M. Babin, “Geo-chemical and optical characterizations of suspended matter in European coastal waters, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 57, pp.17-24, 2003.
Fong, D. A., and R. P. Signell, “The wind-forced response of a buoyant coastal current: Observations of the western Gulf of Maine plume, Journal of Marine Systems, 12, pp.69-81, 1997.
Fong, D. A., and W. R. Geyer, “The Alongshore Transport of Freshwater in a Surface-Trapped River Plume, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 32, pp.957-972, 2002.
Forget, P., and S. Ouillon, “Surface suspended matter off the Rhone river mouth from visible satellite imagery, Oceanologica Acta, 21, pp.739-749, 1999.
Garvine, R. W., “Penetration of buoyant coastal discharge onto the continental shelf: a numerical model experiment, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 29, pp.1892-1909, 1999.
Garvine, R. W., and J. D. Monk, “Frontal structure of a river plume, Journal of Geophysical Research, 79, pp.2251-2259, 1974.
Gin, K. Y. H., S. T. Koh, and I. I. Lin, “Spectral irradiance profiles of suspended marine clay for the estimation of suspended sediment concentration in tropical waters, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 24, pp.3235-3245, 2003.
Han, L., D. C. Rundquist, L. L. Liu, R. N. Fraser, and J. F. Schalles, “The spectral responses of algal chlorophyll in water with varying levels of suspended sediment, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 15, pp.3707-3718, 1994.
Han, Z., Y. Q. Jin, and C. X. Yun, “Suspended sediment concentrations in the Yangtze River estuary retrieved from the CMODIS data, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 27, pp.4329-4336, 2006.
Hellweger, F. L., P. Schlosser, U. Lall, and J. K. Weissel, “Use of satellite imagery for water quality studies in New York Harbor, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 61, pp.437-448, 2004.
Horner-Devine, A. R., “The bulge circulation in the Columbia River plume, Continental Shelf Research, 29, pp.234-251, 2009.
Hu, C., K. L. Carder, and F. E. Muller-Karger, “Atmospheric Correction of SeaWiFS Imagery over Turbid Coastal Waters: A Practical Method, Remote Sensing of Environment, 74, pp.195-206, 2000.
Hung, J. J., and P. Y. Hung, “Carbon and nutrient dynamics in a hypertrophic lagoon in southwestern Taiwan, Journal of Marine Systems, 42, pp.97-114, 2003.
Kennedy, V. S. (ed), “The Estuary as a filter, Academic Press, Orlando, Florida, USA, 1984.
Lee, Z. P., K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, and J. S. Patch, “An empirical algorithm for light absorption by ocean water based on color, Journal of Geophysical Research, 103(C12), pp.27967-27978, 1998.
Lie, H. J., C. H. Cho, J. H. Lee, and S. Lee, “Structure and eastward extension of the Changjiang River plume in the east China sea, Journal of Geophysical Research, 108(C3), p.3077, 2003. doi:10.1029/2001JC001194
Lindsay, P., P. W. Ball, and J. R. West, “Influence of tidal range and river discharge on suspended particulate matter fluxes in the Forth Estuary (Scotland), Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 42, pp.63-82, 1996.
Liu, C. C., “Process of FORMOSAT-2 daily revisit imagery for site surveillance, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 44, pp.3206-3214, 2006.
Liu, C. C., and P. L. Chen, “Automatic extraction of ground control regions and orthorectification of remote sensing imagery, Optics Express, 17, pp.7970-7984, 2009.
Liu, C. C., C. H. Chang, C. G. Wen, C. H. Huang, J. J. Hung, and J. T. Liu, “Using satellite observations of ocean color to categorize the dispersal patterns of river-borne substances in the Gaoping (Kaoping) River, Shelf and Canyon system, Journal of Marine Systems, 76, pp.496-510, 2009.
Liu, C. C., C. H. Chang, H. Y. Hsu, C. K. Tam, and C. G. Wen, “Application of ISIS hyperspectral optical remote sensing imagery on monitoring the water quality of Tsengwen Reservoir, Instruments Today, 29, pp.29-42, 2007.(in Chinese)
Liu, J. T., and H. L. Lin, “Sediment dynamics in a submarine canyon : a case of river-sea interaction, Marine Geology, 207, pp.55-81, 2004.
Liu, J. T., H. L. Lin, and J. J. Hung, “A submarine canyon conduit under typhoon conditions off Southern Taiwan, Deep-sea Research I, 53, pp.223-240, 2006.
Liu, J. T., K. J. Liu, and J. C. Huang, “The influence of a submarine canyon on the river sediment dispersal and inner shelf sediment movement in southern Taiwan, Marine Geology, 181, pp.357-386, 2002.
Liu, Y., P. MacCready, B. M. Hickey, E. P. Dever, P. M. Kosro, and N. S. Banas, “Evaluation of coastal ocean circulation model for the Columbia River plume, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, C00B4, , 2004.doi:10.1029/2008JC004929
Lu, L. F., and J. Z. Shi, “he dispersal processes within the tide-modulated Changjiang River plume, China, International Journal of Numerical Method in Fluids, 55, pp.1143-1155, 2007.
Matthew, M. W., S. M. Adler-Golden, A. Berk, S. C. Richtsmeier, R. Y. Levine, L. S. Bernstein, P. K. Acharya, G. P. Anderson, G. W. Felde, M. P. Hoke, A. Ratkowski, H. H. Burke, R. D. Kaiser, and D. P. Miller, “Status of Atmospheric Correction Using a MODTRAN4-based Algorithm, SPIE Proceeding, Algorithms for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery VI, 4049, pp.199-207, 2000.
May, C. L., J. R. Koseff, L. V. Lucas, J. E. Cloern, and D. H. Schoellhamer, “Effects of spatial and temporal variability of turbidity on phytoplankton blooms, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 254, pp.111-128, 2003.
McLaughlin, C. J., C. A. Smith, R. W. Buddemeier, J. D. Bartley, and B. A. Maxwell, “Rivers, runoff and reefs, Global and Planetary Change, 39(1-2), pp.191- 199, 2003.
Mikkelsen, O. A., “Variation in the projected surface area of suspended particles: Implications for remote sensing assessment of TSM, Remote Sensing of Environment, 79, pp.23-29, 2002.
Miller, R. L., “Phytoplankton production within the grass beds off Goose Point, Lake Pontchartrain, LA. MS thesis, Louisiana State University, p.138, 1980.
Miller, R. L., and J. F. Cruise, “Effects of suspended sediments on coral growth: Evidence from remote sensing and hydrologic modeling, Remote Sensing Environment, 53, pp.177-187, 1995.
Miller, R. L., and B. A. Mckee, “Using MODIS Terra 250 m imagery to map concentrations of total suspended matter in coastal waters, Remote Sensing Environment, 93, pp.259-266, 2004.
Miller, R. L., C. C. Liu, C. J. Buonassissi, and A. M. Wu, “A Multi-Sensor Approach to Examining the Distribution of Total Suspended Matter (TSM) in the Albemarle-Pamlico Estuarine System, NC, USA, Remote Sensing Environment, 3, pp.962-974, 2011.
Milliman, J. D., and J. P. M. Syvitski, “Geomorphic Tectonic Control of Sediment Discharge to the Ocean-the Importance of Small Mountainous Rivers, Journal of Geology, 100, pp.525-544, 1992.
Min, J. E., J. H. Ryu, S. Lee, and S. H. Son, “Monitoring of suspended sediment variation using Landsat and MODIS in the Saemangeum coastal area of Korea, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64, pp.382-390, 2012.
Moon, J. H., N. Hirose, J. H. Yoon, and I. C. Pang, “Offshore detachment process of the low-salinity water around Changjiang Bank in the East China Sea Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40, pp.1035-1053, 2010.
Moreno-Madrinan, M. J., M. Z. Al-Hamdan, D. L. Rickman, and F. E. Muller-Karger, “Using the Surface Reflectance MODIS Terra Product to Estimate Turbidity in Tampa Bay, Florida, Remote Sensing, 2, pp.2713-2728, 2010.
Mulholland, P. J., “Deposition of riverborne organic carbon in floodplain wetlands and deltas In Flux of organic carbon by rivers to the oceans, U.S. Department of Energy. Springfield, National Technical Information Service, CONF-8009140 UC-11, pp.142-72, 1981.
Munchow, A., and R. W. Garvine, “Buoyancy and wind forcing of a coastal current, Journal of Marine Research, 51, pp.293-322, 1993.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Level 1 and Atmosphere Archive and Distribution System, LAADS, available http://ladsweb.nascom.nasa.gov/, 2012.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, MODIS web, available http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/index.php, 2012.
Nechad, B., K.G. Ruddick, and Y. Park, “Calibration and validation of a generic multisensor algorithm for mapping of total suspended matter in turbid waters, Remote Sensing of Environment, 114, pp.854-866, 2010.
Nezlin, N. P., and P. M. DiGiacomo, “Satellite ocean color observations of stormwater runoff plumes along the San Pedro Shelf (southern California) during 1997 to 2003, Continental Shelf Research, 25, pp.1692-1711, 2005.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration(NOAA), Ocean Surface Current Analyses-Real time, OSCAR, available http://www.oscar.noaa.gov/index.html, 2012.
Paluszkiewicz, T., T. B. Curtin, and S. Y. Chao, “Wind-driven variability of the Amazon River plume on the continental shelf during the peak outflow season , Geo-Marine Letters, 15, pp.179-184, 1995.
Petus, C., G. Chust, F. Gohin, D. Doxaran, J. M. Froidefond, and Y. Sagarminaga, “Estimating turbidity and total suspended matter in the Adour River plume (South Bay of Biscay) using MODIS 250-m imagery, Continental Shelf Research, 30, pp.379-392, 2010.
Ridderinkhof, H., R. van der Ham, and W. van der Lee, “Temporal variations in concentration and transport of suspended sediments in a channel-flat system in the Ems-Dollard Estuary, Continental Shelf Research, 29, pp.191-257, 2000.
Robinson, M. C., K. P. Morris, and K. R. Dyer, “Deriving Fluxes of Suspended Particulate Matter in the Humber Estuary, UK, Using Airborne Remote Sensing, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 37, pp.155-163, 1998.
Rong, Z., and M. Li, “Tidal effects on the bulge region of Changjiang River plume, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 97, pp.149-160, 2012.
Ruddick, K. G., F. Ovidio, and M. Rijkeboer, “Atmospheric correction of SeaWiFS imagery for turbid coastal and inland waters, Applied Optics, 39, pp.897-912, 2000.
Schlesinger, W. H., “Biogeochemistry: an analysis of global change, Academic Press, 1997.
Sholkovitz, E. R., E. A. Boyle, and N. B. Price, “The removal of dissolved humicacids and iron during estuarine mixing, Earth and Planetary Science Letter, 40, pp.130-136, 1978.
Simpson, H. J., C. R. Olsen, R. M. Trier, and S. C. Williams, “Man-made radionuclide and sedimentation in the Hudson River estuary, Science, 194, pp.179-183, 1976.
Sipelgas, L., U. Raudsepp, and T. Kouts, “Operational monitoring of suspended matter distribution using MODIS images and numerical modelling, Advances in Space Research, 38, pp.2182-2188, 2006.
Smith, J. N., and K. M. Ellis, “Transport mechanism for Pb-210, Cs-137 and Pu fallout radionuclides through fluvial-marine systems, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 46, pp.941-954, 1981.
Stumpf, R. P., “Sediment Transport in Chesapeake Bay During Floods: Analysis Using Satellite and Surface Observation, Journal of Coastal Research, 4(1), pp.1-15, 1988.
Stumpf, R. P., G. Gelfenbaum, and J. R. Pennock, “Wind and tidal forcing of a buoyant plume, Mobile Bay, Alabama, Continental Shelf Research, 13, pp.1281-1301, 1993.
Syviski, J. P. M., K. W. Asprey, D. A. Clattenburg, and G. D. Hodge, “The prodelta environment of fjord, suspended particle dynamics, Sedimentology, 32, pp.83-107, 1985.
Thomas, A. C., and R. A. Weatherbee, “Satellite-measured temporal variability of the Columbia River plume, Remote Sensing of Environment, 100, pp.167-178, 2006.
Torres, J. L., and J. Morelock, “Effect of terrigenous sediment influx on coral cover and linear extension rates of three Caribbean massive coral species, Caribbean Journal of Science, 38(3-4), pp.222-229, 2002.
Ufnar, D., J. A. Ufnar, R. D. Ellender, D. Rebarchik, and G. Stone, “ Influence of coastal processes on high fecal coliform counts in the Mississippi Sound, Journal of Coastal Research, 22, pp.1515-1526, 2006.
Vermote, E. F., D. Tanre, J. L. Deuze, M. Herman, and J. J. Morcrette, “Second simulation of the satellite signal in the solar spectrum, 6s: an overview. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 35(3), pp.675-686, 1997.
Wang, J. J. and X. X. Lu, “Estimation of suspended sediment concentrations using Terra MODIS: An example from the Lower Yangtze River, China, Science of the Total Environment, 408, pp.1131-1138, 2010.
Warrick, J. A., L. A. K. Mertes, D. A. Siegel, and C. Mackenzie, “Estimating suspended sediment concentrations in turbid coastal waters of the Santa Barbara Channel with SeaWiFS, International Journal of Remote Sensing,25, pp.1995-2002, 2004.
Yanagi, T. and K. Yoshikawa, “Generation mechanisms of tidal residual circulation, Journal of Oceanography, 39, pp.156-166, 1983.
Yu, H. S., and C. S. Chiang, “Kaoping shelf:morphology and tectonic significance, Journal of Asian Earth Science, 15(1), pp.9-18, 1997.
Zhang, M., J. Tang, Q. Dong, Q. T. Song, and J. Ding, “Retrieval of total suspended matter concentration in the Yellow and East China Seas from MODIS imagery, Remote Sensing of Environment, 114, pp.392-403, 2010.

連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top