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研究生:王惠儀
研究生(外文):Hui-YiWang
論文名稱:e-Kanban系統執行─以半導體拉晶生產為例
論文名稱(外文):The implementation of e-Kanban system─A case of semiconductor crystal pulling manufacturing
指導教授:楊大和楊大和引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ta-Ho Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:製造資訊與系統研究所碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:e-Kanban即時化資訊傳遞半導體拉晶生產
外文關鍵詞:e-KanbanReal TimeData TransferSemiconductor Crystal Pulling Manufacturing
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:178
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:29
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
一般而言,工廠會照著週計劃或日計劃進行生產,由於環境變化快速,如此對於突發狀況沒有辦法立即反應,可能造成訂單延誤交期的問題,降低顧客滿意度。為了防止前述的問題發生,公司會以大量的存貨來維持服務水準,如此即提高公司營運的風險。精實生產中的拉式策略對於環境變化的應變速度快,藉由Kanban向前工程傳遞領料及生產指令,可針對需求變動來調整生產量,控制存貨數量以減少不必要的浪費。
由於Information Technology (IT)的基礎日趨成熟,以往利用人工來記錄生產資料的狀況已經無法滿足現況。藉由IT技術傳遞Kanban指令即形成e-Kanban的應用,本研究乃執行e-Kanban系統於實際案例-半導體拉晶製程,善用生產現場及訂單資訊的電子形式,在傳遞指令時亦能夠進一步結合決策支援系統。利用Visual C# 2010設計使用者介面,Microsoft SQL Server 2008則作為資料庫來儲存生產及訂單的資料,而透過Socket技術實行遠端資料傳遞,最後再以模擬模式呈現案例公司的虛擬工廠。
由實驗結果得知,當工作負荷大於80%,屬於高負荷的環境下,未來e-Kanban系統服務水準的表現較佳,且能維持在95.98%~97.71%,較現況改善6.93%~11.58%。而因未來e-Kanban系統能夠即時反應環境的改變,相較於現況系統一天審視一次排程狀況,現況系統的績效表現會隨著晶棒重熔率的提高而變得越差,而未來e-Kanban系統的表現在變動晶棒重熔率的環境下,服務水準仍能維持在98%以上,較現況平均改善幅度約為4.97%,且訂單週期時間的改善幅度約為74.36%。另外,未來e-Kanban系統會針對不同的訂單比例,變動其超級市場的比例,而現況則無論環境如何改變,其仍然按照規則進行排程作業,較沒有彈性,故整體表現較差。綜合以上結果發現,本研究導入未來e-Kanban系統除了決策資訊能夠即時傳達外,亦改變機台限制與批量大小的限制,以服務水準為主要目標,亦可證明在變動的環境下,此改善方法較優於現況作法,且系統也較具穩健性。
In generally, factory will work according with the production planning of daily or weekly. With the environment change quickly, such a sudden incident there is no way to react immediately, and there may cause orders delay the delivery then reduce the customer satisfaction. In order to prevent the aforementioned problems, the company will hold a lot of inventory to maintain a certain service level, but that will raise the risk of the company's operation. The pull strategy of lean production will react immediately in the quickly changed environment. Transfer the with-drawal and production-ordering instruction to forward work station by kanban, it can adjust the production and control the inventory for the changes demand then reduce unnecessary waste, it doesn’t cause aforementioned problems.
Because the basis of the Information Technology (IT) matures, the use of artificial to record the status of production be unable now. The Kanban instruction passed by IT technology becomes an application of e-Kanban. The study is the implementation of e-Kanban system in a real case – the semiconductor crystal pulling manufacturing. Make the best use of the production and order information in electronic form, can also combine decision support system further while delivering instruction. The study design the user interface by Visual C # 2010,use the Microsoft SQL Server 2008 database to store the data of production and orders, and the implementation of remote data transfer via the Socket technology, finally presents a virtual factory of the case by simulation tool.
The results indicate that, at the workload which greater than 80%, the service level of e-Kanban system is better than the present situation, and it can be maintained from 95.98% to 97.71%, and be improved from 6.93%~11.58%. At the different level of ingot remelting rate, the service level can maintain up to 98% and can be improved by 4.97%, and the cycle time can be improved up to 74.36%. For the different proportion of orders, it can change the ratio of supermarket, and then meet with the current situation. The e-Kanban system not only transfer data real- time but also change the machine limits and the batch size limit, and can be proved that it is a good and robust system.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iv
目錄 v
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 x
1. 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 3
1.3 研究流程 3
1.4 論文架構 4
2. 文獻探討 5
2.1 現場控制 5
2.2 精實生產系統 7
2.3 e-Kanban系統 12
2.4 離散事件模擬 15
3. 研究方法 19
3.1 價值流圖分析 19
3.2 建構模擬模式 20
3.3 網路連線與資料庫存取 21
3.4 視窗應用程式 24
4. 實例說明 25
4.1 案例簡介 25
4.2 建構模擬模式 29
4.3 現況排程演算法 47
4.4 e-Kanban系統實作 54
4.5 實驗分析 69
5. 結論與建議 83
5.1 結論 83
5.2 未來研究與建議 84
參考文獻 85
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