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研究生:曾子容
研究生(外文):Tzu-JungTseng
論文名稱:窄頻電力線通訊基於PRIME規格的基頻收發機設計與實作
論文名稱(外文):Design and Implementation of Narrow-band PLC Transceiver based on PRIME Specification
指導教授:蘇賜麟
指導教授(外文):Szu-Lin Su
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電腦與通信工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:46
中文關鍵詞:電力線通道PRIMEFPGA
外文關鍵詞:PLC channelPRIMEFPGA
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電力線智慧電表進化((PoweRline Intelligent Metering Evolution, PRIME)是電力線通訊(PLC)在歐規CENELEC A頻段基於正交分頻多工調變(OFDM)的通訊傳輸標準。本論文主要是研討與整理不同研究者提出的電力線通道模型;且完成了傳送端與接收端系統的模擬,並評估PRIME的性能表現;最後則用硬體FPGA實作驗證。
PRIME ( PoweRline Intelligent Metering Evolution) is a standard based on OFDM modulation in the CENELEC A band for Power line Communication (PLC). This paper will first organize and study the researches done on the PLC channel model; then the paper will illustrate a transceiver simulation system set up for performance evaluation for PRIME; and lastly, the paper will demonstrate the implementation of the transceiver on FPGA.
摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 序論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 論文組織 1
第二章 電力線雜訊與通道 2
2.1 電力線通道 2
2.1.1 電力線通道模型建立 2
2.1.1.1 多重路徑通道 2
2.2 電力線通道的五大類雜訊 8
2.2.1 窄頻電力線通道雜訊模型 10
2.2.1.1 隨機脈衝雜訊 15
2.3 本章小結---關於窄頻電力線通道 16
第三章 PRIME傳送端及接收端系統架構 17
3.1 PRIME系統架構 17
3.2 PRIME系統規格參數 17
3.3 傳送端介紹 18
3.3.1 Preamble 19
3.3.2 領航訊號(Pilot)架構 20
3.3.3 捲積碼(Convolutional Code) 21
3.3.4 攪亂器 (Scrambler) 22
3.3.5 交錯 (Interleaver) 22
3.3.6 調變 23
3.4 接收端系統設計 25
3.4.1 時間同步 25
3.4.1.1 匹配濾波器 (Match Filter) 25
3.4.1.2 啾聲訊號 (Chirp Signal) 25
3.4.2 Clipping and Blanking 28
3.4.3 Matlab軟體系統模擬 29
第四章 PRIME的FPGA硬體系統實作 34
4.1 採用的FPGA介面 34
4.2 傳送端 35
4.2.1 UART傳輸規格介紹 35
4.2.2 反快速傅立葉轉換 (IFFT) 36
4.2.3 加循環字首 36
4.2.4 傳送端合成報告 36
4.3 接收端 37
4.3.1 去循環字首 37
4.3.2 快速傅立葉轉換 (FFT) 37
4.4 FPGA驗證 37
4.4.1 接收端Xilinx合成報告 37
4.4.2 接收端DPSK解調星座圖 38
4.4.3 硬體時做時電腦與FPGA傳輸連接設定 39
4.4.4 接收端頻譜(Spectrum) 40
第五章 結論 41
參考文獻 42
附錄 44

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[9] Nikoleta Andreadou and Fotini-Niovi Pavlidou “PLC Channel: Impulsive Noise Modelling and Its Performance Evaluation Under Different Array Coding Schemes IEEE Transactions on power delivery ,Volume:24, Issue: 2,Page(s):585-595, April 2009
[10] Y.H. Ma and P.L. So “Performance analysis of OFDM systems for broadband power line communications under impulsive noise and multipath effects IEEE Transactions on power delivery, vol.20, no. 2, April 2005
[11] V. Degardin, M. Lienard, A. Zeddam, F. Gauthier, and P. Degauque, “Classification and characterization of impulsive noise on indoor power lines used for data communications, IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron., vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 913–918, Nov 2002.
[12] C.E Cook and M. Bernfeld, Radar signals: An introduction to theory and application, New York: Academic Press (1967).
[13] H. A. Suraweera, C. Chai, J. Shentu, J. Amstrong, “Analysis of impulse noise mitigation techniques for digital television systems, in Proc. 8thInt. OFDM Workshop (InOWo’03), Hamburg, Germany, Sep. 2003, pp.172-176.
[14]S. V. Zhidkov, “Analysis and comparison of several simple impulsive noise mitigation schemes for OFDM receivers, IEEE Trans. Commun. , vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 5-9, Jan. 2008.

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