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研究生:劉冠賢
研究生(外文):Kuan-HsienLiu
論文名稱:基於影像之自動三維手持模型重建系統
論文名稱(外文):An Automatic Image Based 3D Reconstruction System of Handheld Objects
指導教授:楊家輝楊家輝引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jar-Ferr Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電腦與通信工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:62
中文關鍵詞:手持三維建模特徵點
外文關鍵詞:Handheld3D Reconstructionfeature points
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
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  • 下載下載:24
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
以照片為來源的三維建模系統,關鍵在於正確地取得相機的內外部參數,傳統的做法是在欲重建模型邊擺上棋盤式的校正板 (Chessboard),透過校正板去做相機參數估測,得到相機位置後利用Visual Hull求出三維模型,但這種做法有太多限制,除了需事先備好校正板,要架設整個環境亦需一番苦工。本文提出以特徵點為基礎的自動建模系統,利用尺度不變特徵轉換(SIFT)在輸入的影像上尋找角點並做角點對應,角點對應可以用來估計相機參數。得到相機參數後,將特徵點投影回三維空間,再透過柏松(Poisson)平面重建演算法,把點雲表面還原。在影像的取得上,我們改用手持物體的方式,不僅增加便利性也可以獲得更多死角資訊,提升模型精確度。但由於手持會產生過多雜訊,影響模型後模型之幾何構造,為解決這個問題,我們設計了一套針對手部的去雜訊演算法。
To estimate the precise intrinsic and extrinsic parameter of the camera is the key point for the design of 3D reconstruction systems. Traditionally, we should calibrate the camera parameters with a chessboard, followed by visual hull to generate a closed 3D model. Nevertheless, there are some limitations, which need to prepare a chessboard, and take much energy to construct the device. In the proposed method, a feature point based system is used to find the camera matrix. Then, the sparse point cloud is reconstructed while estimating the camera matrix. Finally, Poisson surface reconstruction is applied to create the surface. In required images, we allow the user to hold the object in front of a fixed camera. This method is not only more convenient but can record more information in hidden area. But, the reconstructed point cloud is noisy because of the inference of user’s hands, so a noise removal step is designed in our system to solve this problem.
List of Figures vi
1 Introduction 1
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 Related Research 2
1.3 Problem Statement and Contribution 4
1.4 Thesis Organization 6
2 Basic Concepts of Reconstruction 8
2.1 Camera model 8
2.1.1 Extrinsic parameters 9
2.1.2 Intrinsic parameters 11
2.2 Epipolar Geometry 14
2.2.1 Fundamental matrix and essential matrix 15
2.3 RANSAC 18
2.4 Scale invariant feature transformation 21
2.4.1 Scale space 22
2.4.2 Laplacian of Gaussian approximation 23
2.4.3 Local extrema detection 24
2.4.4 Orientation assignment 26
2.4.5 Generate SIFT feature descriptor 27
2.4.6 SIFT feature matching 28
3 An Automatic 3D Reconstruction System 30
3.1 Feature extraction 31
3.1.1 SIFT feature detector 31
3.1.2 Bad matching removal and SIFT flow 32
3.2 Structure from Motion 36
3.2.1 Initial structure 36
3.2.1 Updating the structure 40
3.3 Noise removal 43
4 Experimental Results 48
4.1 Advantages of handheld object 49
4.2 Performance of noise removal 51
4.3 Operating time and quality analisis 52
4.4 Applications of 3D reconstruction 53
4.5 Other model 55
5 Conclusions 59
References 60

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[19]Zuzana Kukelova, Martin Bujnak and Tomas Pajdla, Polynomial Eigenvalue Solutions to the 5-pt and 6-pt Relative Pose Problems, BMVC 2008.
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