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研究生:許風勝
研究生(外文):Feng-ShengHsu
論文名稱:結合多通道供電及矩陣式電性量測之能源管理系統
論文名稱(外文):Energy Management System with Multi-Channel Power Supply and Matrix Electrical Measurements
指導教授:楊竹星楊竹星引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chu-Sing Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電腦與通信工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:58
中文關鍵詞:智慧電網智慧插座電源管理
外文關鍵詞:Smart GirdSmart OutletEnergy Management
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「節能減碳」已成為全民運動,但要讓使用者更有意願、更有效率去執行,就必須提供更多用電資訊,進而執行有效率的節能行為,所以使用智慧插座進行電力資訊的收集視為有效的方法之一,在此為本研究理論之基礎。
現今因智慧電網及直流家電之推行,再生能源使用增加,且可直接供給家電使用,另配合智慧型插座之運用,每一個進行資訊收集的電器設備,可在其電源插座上附加使用,以對其進行狀態偵測及電能消耗監控,但這樣有時會限制了智慧插座配置上的彈性,且如何能更有效益、彈性的配置,在過去並未有所討論,以此為意,所以本研究提出一種結合多通道供電及矩陣式電性量測之能源管理系統,可增加系統建置的便利性,對用電分析增進更大的彈性及效益。
本研究使用可程式邏輯控制器(Programmable Logic Controller, PLC) 及微控制器(Micro Control Unit, MCU),進行供電迴路及量測控制電路設計,並結合Zigbee之智慧型插座(Smart Outlet),進行電力資訊之收集;系統可程式化配置量測路徑,進行電力資訊收集,且經由資訊分析了解用電需求,作為供電參考依據來調整供電通道,另採用C#作為人機畫面之控制核心,及連接SQL Server作為資訊收集之儲存及分析,並可於網頁進行圖表顯示及參數設定,在用電資訊上,透過該數據以獲得更佳的用電策略。
Energy saving and carbon reduction have become a mass movement, but if we want users to increase willingness and efficiency to make a practice of it, it is necessary to provide more information about electricity, and then carry out efficient energy-saving behavior. Therefore, the use of smart outlet regarded as an effective method for power information collection has laid the theoretical basis for this study.
Today, because of the smart grid and the implementation of the DC home appliances, the use of renewable energy has increased, as well as the direct use for home appliances. With the use of the smart outlet, electrical equipment capable of information collection can be integrated with the outlet system in detecting status and monitoring power consumption, but sometimes it limits the flexibility of configuration. In addition, how to enable a more effective and flexible configuration hasn't been discussed much in the past. As intended, this study proposes a combination of multi-channel power supply and matrix electrical measurement of the energy management system, which can increase the convenience of the system to build and promote greater flexibility and efficiency of electricity analysis.
This study applies the programmable logic controller (PLC) and microcontroller to support the measurement of electrical circuit and design control circuit, while combining the Zigbee Smart Outlet to collect electricity information. The system can program the path of configuration measurement with electricity information collected and analyzed in order to understand the demand for electricity as a reference of power supply, so as to adjust the supply channel accordingly. It also adopts C # as the control of man-machine and connects to SQL Server for the storage and analysis of collected information, while chart display and parameter settings can be proceed on the website. As a result, a better electricity strategy can be obtained based on the data regarding electricity information.
摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 IV
目錄 V
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 X
第一章 序論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究目的與方法 2
1.3 章節概要 3
第二章 系統架構與工具簡介 5
2.1 通訊架構 5
2.2 軟硬體需求 6
2.3 可程式邏輯控制器 6
2.3.1 Ladder Master 9
2.3.2 Bluetooth 11
2.3.3 PLC連結 14
2.4 微處理器 16
2.4.1 Silicon Lab IDE 17
2.4.2 同步串列通信I2C 18
2.4.3 串列數據通訊介面RS-232 20
2.5 Zigbee智慧插座 22
2.5.1 Zigbee無線網路通訊 23
2.5.2 智慧插座 25
2.5.3 SAANET通訊協定 25
第三章 系統規劃與設計 28
3.1 多通道供電及矩陣式電性量測系統 28
3.1.1 系統硬體架構 28
3.2 多通道供電模組 29
3.2.1 供電通道控制器程式 30
3.3 量測通道模組 32
3.3.1 控制電路 33
3.3.2 切換電路 35
3.4 軟體系統架構 38
3.4.1 能源管理系統主流程 39
3.4.2 Web Management 41
3.4.3 Application Management 42
第四章 程式開發與系統整合 44
4.1 系統整合 44
4.2 實驗結果 47
第五章 結論與未來方向 55
第六章 參考文獻 56

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