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研究生:顏聖恆
研究生(外文):Sheng-HengYan
論文名稱:進階長期演進技術微型基地台網路中成分載波選擇方法性能分析之研究
論文名稱(外文):On the Performance of Component Carrier Selection for LTE-A Femtocell Network
指導教授:張志文張志文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-Wen Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電腦與通信工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:微型基地台長期演進技術進階版成分載波載波聚合主成分載波次成分載波
外文關鍵詞:femtocellLTE-Acomponent carriercarrier aggregationprimary component carriersecondary component carrier
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  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:214
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:6
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
在本論文中,我們將討論長期演進技術進階版(LTE-A)系統在小區域用戶裝設有微型基地台(femtocell)的環境下,不同的成分載波(Component Carrier)的選擇方式。首先,我們將簡單地說明微型基地台以及長期演進技術進階版中所使用的載波聚合(Carrier Aggregation)技術概念。其次,我們將介紹兩種不同的成分載波的選擇方式:第一種方式為自動成分載波選擇(ACCS),而另一種則為最小干擾成分載波選擇(MICCS)。這兩種方式都經由兩個步驟:主成分載波(PCC)選擇以及次成分載波(SCC)選擇。這兩種方式的主要差別在於次成分載波的選擇。接著我們將針對此兩種方式進行深入且廣泛的性能分析與評比。舉例來說,我們討論了訊號對干擾雜訊比(SINR)門檻值對ACCS的影響,以及干擾總量的加權因子(weighting factor)對MICCS的影響。最後我們也針對相關的研究議題提出數個可行的建議。
In this thesis, we discuss different methods of selecting component carriers (CC) in LTE-A (long term evolution - advanced) system with configuration of femtocells in local area environment. First, we will briefly illustrate the concepts of femtocell and carrier aggregation technology in LTE-A. Second, we introduce two different component carrier selection methods: one is called autonomous component carrier selection (ACCS), and the other is called minimum interference component carrier selection (MICCS). Both methods are based on two steps: primary component carrier (PCC) selection and secondary component carrier (SCC) selection. The main difference between the two methods lies in the SCC selection scheme. Then, we make some extended analysis, which have not been included in the literature. For example, we further discuss the effect of signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) threshold for ACCS, and the effect of weighting factor in interference contribution (IC) for MICCS. Finally, in the simulation, we discuss both advantages and disadvantages of ACCS and MICCS. Furthermore, we make some comparisons between these two component carrier selection methods with restriction of the numbers of most component carriers that each femtocell base station can select in order to make a fairer analysis. In the end, several suggestions for possible research topics in the future are also proposed.
Chinese Abstract (i)
English Abstract (ii)
Acknowledgements (iii)
Contents (iv)
List of Tables (vi)
List of Figures (vii)
Glossary of Symbols (ix)
1 Introduction (1)
1.1 Introduction (1)
1.2 Thesis Outline (3)
2 Background and Literature Survey (4)
2.1 Femtocell (4)
2.1.1 Terminology (4)
2.1.2 Heterogeneous Macrocell-Femtocell Environment (5)
2.1.3 Femtocell Challenges (7)
2.2 LTE-A (8)
2.2.1 Introduction to LTE-A (8)
2.2.2 Carrier Aggregation (8)
2.3 Literature Survey (9)
3 Autonomous Component Carrier Selection (12)
3.1 Introduction to Autonomous Component Carrier Selection (12)
3.2 Primary Component Carrier Selection (13)
3.3 Secondary Component Carrier Selection (15)
3.3.1 Background Interference Matrix (16)
3.3.2 Minimum Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio Targets (17)
3.4 Discussion of Autonomous Component Carrier Selection (19)
4 Minimum Interference Component Carrier Selection (21)
4.1 Introduction to Minimum Interference Component Carrier Selection (21)
4.2 Primary/Secondary Component Carrier Selection (21)
4.2.1 Interference Contribution (22)
4.2.2 Minimum Interference Criterion (22)
4.3 Discussion of Minimum Interference Component Carrier Selection (24)
5 Simulation Results (25)
5.1 Simulation Environment Setting (25)
5.1.1 Table of Parameters (29)
5.1.2 Spectrum Efficiency (30)
5.2 Extended Performance Analysis (30)
5.2.1 Extended Performance Analysis for ACCS (30)
5.2.2 Extended Performance Analysis for MICCS (38)
5.3 Comparison between Two Methods (45)
5.4 Discussion of SINR target thresholds for ACCS (49)
6 Conclusion and Future Research (52)
6.1 Conclusion (52)
6.2 Future Research (53)
Bibliography (55)
Vita (59)
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[2] V. Chandrasekhar, J. Andrews, A. Gatherer, “Femtocell Networks: A Survey,IEEE Communication Magazine, pp. 59–67, Sept. 2008.

[3] H. Claussen, L.T.W. Ho and L.G. Samuel, “Financial Analysis of a Pico-Cellular Home Network Deployment, in IEEE International Conference on Communications , June 2007, pp. 5604–5609.

[4] M. Yavuz, F. Meshkati, S. Nanda, A. Pokhariyal, N. Johnson, B. Raghothaman, A. Richardson, “Interference Management and Performance Analysis of UMTS/HSPA+ Femtocells, IEEE Communication Magazine, pp. 102–109, Sept. 2009.

[5] 3GPP, Requirements for further advanced for E-UTRA (LTE-Advanced), Tech. Rep. TR 36.913 V9.0.0, Dec. 2009.

[6] Yuan Yan, Anxin Li, Xinying Gao, H. Kayama, “A New Autonomous Component Carrier Selection Scheme for Home eNB in LTE-A System, in IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, May 2011.

[7] G. de la Roche, A. Valcarce, D. Lopez-Perez, Jie Zhang, “Access Control Mechanisms for Femtocells, IEEE Communication Magazine, pp. 33–39, July 2009.

[8] S. Parkvall, E. Dahlman, A. Furuskar, Y. Jading, M. Olsson, S. Wanstedt, K. Zangi, “LTE-Advanced  Evolving LTE towards IMT-Advanced, in IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, Sept. 2008.

[9] H. Holma, A. Toskala, LTE for UMTS - OFDMA and SC-FDMA Based Radio Access, 1st ed. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2009, pp. 19–21.

[10] 3GPP, Carrier Aggregation in LTE-Advanced, Ericsson, Tech. Rep. R1-082468, July 2008.

[11] H. Holma, A. Toskala, LTE for UMTS - OFDMA and SC-FDMA Based Radio Access, 1st ed. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2009.

[12] Qualcomm, “LTE-Advanced, http://www.qualcomm.com/media/documents/files/lte-advanced-the-global-4g-solution.pdf, p. 25, Feb. 2012.

[13] Shin-Ming Cheng, Shou-Yu Lien, Feng-Seng Chu, Kwang-Cheng Chen, “On Exploiting Cognitive Radio to Mitigate Interference in Macro/Femto Heterogeneous Networks, IEEE Wireless Communication Magazine, pp. 40–47, June 2011.

[14] J. Espino, J. Markendahl, “Analysis of Macro-Femtocell Interference and Implications for Spectrum Allocation, in IEEE Personal Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, Sept. 2009.

[15] M. Andrews, V. Capdevielle, A. Feki, P. Gupta, “Autonomous Spectrum Sharing for mixed LTE Femto and Macro Cells Deployments, in IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops, March 2010.

[16] M.C. Erturk, H. Aki, I. Guvenc, H. Arslan, “Fair and QoS-oriented Spectrum Splitting in Macrocell-Femtocell Networks, in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, Dec. 2010.

[17] Tian Lan, K. Sinkar, L. Kant, K. Kerpez, “Resource Allocation and Performance Study for LTE Networks Integrated with Femtocells, in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, Dec. 2010.

[18] M. Bennis, D. Niyato, “A Q-learning Based Approach to Interference Avoidance in Self-Organized Femtocell Networks, in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference Workshops, Dec. 2010.

[19] Heui-Chang Lee, Dong-Chan Oh, Yong-Hwan Lee, “Mitigation of Inter-Femtocell Interference with Adaptive Fractional Frequency Reuse, in IEEE International Conference on Communications, May 2010.

[20] Lu Zhang, Lin Yang, Tao Yang, “Cognitive Interference Management For LTE-A Femtocells With Distributed Carrier Selection, in IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, Sept. 2010.

[21] L.G.U. Garcia, G.W.O. Costa, A.F. Cattoni, K.I. Pedersen, P.E. Mogensen, “Self-Organizing Coalitions for Conflict Evaluation and Resolution in Femtocells, in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, Dec. 2010.

[22] Wei-Chih Hong, Zsehong Tsai, “Improving the Autonomous Component Carrier Selection for Home eNodeBs in LTE-Adavanced, in IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, Jan. 2011.

[23] Shuangdie Wang, Jiang Wang, Jing Xu, Yong Teng, Kari Horneman, “Cooperative Component Carrier (Re-)Selection for LTE-Advanced Femtocells, in IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, March 2011.

[24] S. Uygungelen, Z. Bharucha, G. Auer, “Decentralized Interference Coordination via Autonomous Component Carrier Assignment, in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference Workshops, Dec. 2011.

[25] 3GPP Tech. Docu. R1-090235, Use of Background Interference Matrix for Autonomous Component Carrier Selection for LTE-Advanced, Nokia Siemens Networks, Feb. 2009.

[26] L.G.U. Garcia, I.Z. Kovacs, K.I. Pedersen, G.W.O. Costa, P.E. Mogensen, “Autonomous Component Carrier Selection for 4G Femtocells - A Fresh Look at an Old Problem , IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, pp. 525–537, April 2012.

[27] P. Mogensen, Wei Na, I.Z. Kovacs, F. Frederiksen, A. Pokhariyal, K.I. Pedersen, T. Kolding, K. Hugl, M. Kuusela, “LTE Capacity compared to the Shannon Bound, in IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, April 2007.
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