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研究生:梁祐展
研究生(外文):Yo-ChangLiang
論文名稱:錐形結構應用於高靈敏度光纖式折射計之研發
論文名稱(外文):Development of Optical Fiber Refratometer Based on Abrupt Taper Michelson Interferometer
指導教授:羅裕龍
指導教授(外文):Yu-Lung Lo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:奈米科技暨微系統工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:折射率錐形結構之麥克森式干涉儀PMDI干涉技術法布立-培若干涉儀
外文關鍵詞:Refractive IndexAbrupt TaperMichelson InterferometerPath-matching Differential InterferometerFabry-Perot Interferometer
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本研究主要研發一量測外部環境折射率變化之結合光纖錐形結構之光纖式折射計。錐形結構之麥克森式干涉儀的原理主要是藉由錐形結構造成分光之效果;而將錐形結構之後的光纖保護層(Jacket)剝除後,光纖外部的折射率變化會造成光纖包層(Cladding)之有效折射率產生變化,進而影響分光之後的多道光有光程差變化之現象,而多道光由光纖末端之鏡面反射回光纖錐形結構之後將再度結合,藉由其多道光之干涉訊號可以分析其外部折射率變化與反射光干涉頻譜飄移的關係。本研究利用此錐形結構之麥克森式干涉儀結合已發展之PMDI (Path Matched Differential Interferometry) 干涉技術;此新式架構運用兩個干涉儀,麥克森與法布立-培若干涉儀所組成,藉由分析光接收器的接收到之調變訊號,以及解調技術之運用,解析外部的折射率變化與接收到訊號之相位變化的關係。
In this study, a method for measuring refractive index of the media base on abrupt taper Michelson interferometer is proposed. The basic principle of optical interferometers is based on overlap of the two optical signals at the same wavelength but different optical path that is induced through travel in different media or along different path lengths. Implementing this method into a path-matching differential interferometer (PMDI) consisted by two kinds of different interferometer, abrupt taper Michelson and Fabry-Perot interferometer, respectively. The PMDI is applied to measure refractive index change of the water solution. By analyzing the optical signal of the optical detector by new synthetic heterodyne demodulation can clearly realize the relation between the phase change and refractive index of the solution.
Abstract I
中文摘要 II
誌謝 III
Table of Contents IV
List of Figures VI
List of Tables X

Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Preface 1
1.2 Review of the General interferometer 2
1.3 Review of the refractometers 4
1.4 Review of Abrupt Tapered Fiber Interferometer 6
1.5 Overview of Chapters 8

Chapter 2 Theoretical analysis 10
2.1 The Architecture of optical interferometer 10
2.2 The Basic Principle of Fabry-Perot Interferometer 14
2.3 Principles of abrupt taper Michelson interferometer 17
2.4 Path Matched Differential Interferometer (PMDI) 20
2.5 Principles of Measurement for Small Refractive Index Change 25
2.6 The New PMDI System Consisted by Fabry-Perot and Michelson Interferometers 27

Chapter 3 The Modulation and Demodulation Technique of Optical Measurement System 29
3.1 The Technique of Optical Measurement Signal Modulation 29
3.2 The Techniques of Signal phase Demodulation for Optical Measurement 31
3.2.1 The Principle of Single Channel Phase Tracker 32
3.2.2 Introduction of Lock-in Amplifier 37
3.2.3 The Principle of Pseudo-Heterodyne Phase Demodulation Technique 39
3.2.4 New Synthetic Heterodyne Phase Demodulation Technique 41

Chap 4 Design of experiments and results analysis 62
4.1 The experimental arrangement and method of Abrupt Taper Michelson Interferometer 63
4.2 The experimental arrangement of original PMDI Interferometer 67
4.3 The experimental arrangement of PMDI Interferometer consisted with Fabry-Perot and Abrupt Taper Michelson Interferometer 69

Chap 5 Conclusions and Future work 74
5.1 Conclusions for PMDI Interferometer consisted with Fabry-Perot and Abrupt Taper Michelson Interferometer 74
5.2 Future Work 75

Bibliography 76


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