跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.200.86.95) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/05/25 16:24
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:程羿然
研究生(外文):Cheng, Yi-Ran
論文名稱:應用於K-band之低功率吉爾伯特降頻混頻器
論文名稱(外文):A Low Power Gilbert-Base Down-Conversion Mixer for K-band Applications
指導教授:荊鳳德
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:電子研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:50
中文關鍵詞:降頻器K-band橫向電流縮減
外文關鍵詞:down-conversionK-bandlateral current commutation
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:325
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:35
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本論文研究主要是在探討低功率、高增益混波器的設計,頻段則定位在K-band,設計內容包含以下幾個部分:A.輸入、輸出端阻抗匹配 B.混頻器主電路架構選定 C.RF-LO級間寄生電容的處理 D.適當選取各偏壓以正常操作 (將2nd order effect減至最低,可避免掉不必要的混頻訊號產生。) E.Layout時,訊號走線的電感與寄生電容效應 F.Buffer stage使用源極隨耦器維持整體電路線性度。
電路設計頻帶約為20.3GHz ~ 23.5GHz,on-wafer量測時中頻在200MHz在量測的結果為電壓轉換增益約4.62dB、P1dB在-8dBm、隔離度RF-_IF,LO_IF,LO_RF皆大於35dB,重點是電路設計功率消耗僅 1.43mW
在設計的過程中遇到了許多的問題,特別是在LO-stage的body effect效應使電路偏壓遭到侷限進而影響特性、0.18製程將頻率升至20GHz以上使用電感佈線的技巧…等等。
本次晶片使用台積電 0.18um CMOS 製程實現,並且在國家晶片系統設計中心進行量測,其模擬與量測結果的差異將在論文中做說明和討論。

The topic of this thesis is to research the design of the low-power mixer with high conversion gain、low noise and the bandwidth is designed at K-band(18~27 GHz). The design procedures include: (1) input and output matching networks (2) choice of the main architecture (3) The process of the parasitic capacitors between RF and LO stage (4) choice of the adjacent bias point (5) In layout, the parasitic effect of the signal’s routes (6) Source follower in buffer stage. The design procedures will explain how to overcome these problems in detail.
After measurement, the circuit operates at 20.3GHz ~ 23.5GHz. And the IF is at 200MHz. The measurement results include: Conversion voltage gain is about 4.62dB, isolation (RF_IF, LO_IF, LO_RF) larger than 35, P1dB is about -8dBm. Power consumption of the circuit is only 1.43mW.
There are many problems we encounter in the design process. Especially, the bias of the circuit is limited because the body effect of the LO stage、the 0.18um CMOS process at K-band, the method of layout…etc.
This chip fabricated in TSMC 0.18um CMOS. The circuit is measured at CIC. There are some discussion and statement about difference between simulation and measurement in this thesis.

CONTENTS
摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
CONTENTS v
TABLE CAPTIONS vii
FIGURE CAPTIONS viii
Chapter 1 1
Introduction 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Motivation 2
1.3 Thesis Organization 3
Chapter 2 5
The fundamental Design of RFICs 5
2.1 Front-end Architecture 5
2.2 Fundamental Architecture of Down-Conversion Mixer 9
2.3 Down-Conversion Mixer Basic 16
2.3.1 Return Loss 16
2.3.2 Power Consumption 17
2.3.3 Conversion gain 17
2.3.4 Mixer Noise 18
2.3.5 Port-to-Port Isolation 22
2.3.6 Linearity 24
Chapter 3 33
Low Power K Band Mixer Using 0.18μm CMOS 33
3.1 Introduction 33
3.2 Principle of the Circuit Design 35
3.3 Chip Implementation and Measurement Result 38
3.3.1 Microphotograph of Chip 38
3.3.2 Measurement and Simulation Result 39
Chapter 4 43
Conclusion 43
Reference 44


Reference
[1-1] Valentino Liberali, Gabriella Trucco; “CMOS Analog Design for Wireless Communication”, 2002.
[1-2] C. G. Tan, “A High-Performance Low-Power CMOS Double-Balanced IQ Down-Conversion Mixer for 2.45-GHz ISM Band Applications,” Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symposium, 2003 IEEE 8-10 June 2003 Page:457 - 460
[1-3] N. Kim , V. Aparin and L. E. Larson "A resistively degenerated wideband passive mixer with low noise figure and high IIP2", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 58, no. 4, pp.820 -830 2010
[1-4] K.-H. Liang, H.-Y. Chang , and Y.-J. Chan,“A 0.5–7.5 GHz ultralow-voltage low-power mixer using bulk-injection method by 0.18-um CMOS technology,” IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 531–533, Jul. 2007.
[1-5] C. H. Chen, P. Y. Chiang, and C. F. Jou, “A low voltage mixer with improved noise figure,”IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 92-94, Feb. 2009.
[1-6] Ming-Feng Huang Kuo, C.J. Shuenn-Yuh Lee, “A 5.25-GHz CMOS folded-cascode even-harmonic mixer for low-voltage applications,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 54, no2, pp. 660 – 669, Feb. 2006.
[2-1] Behzad Razavi, “RF Microelectronics,” Prentice Hall, 1998
[2-2] Thomas H. Lee, “The Design of CMOS Radio-Frequency Integrated Circuit,” Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
[2-3] B. Gilbert, “A precise four quadrant multiplier with sub-nanosecond response,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. SC-3, no. 12, pp. 365–373, Dec. 1968.
[2-4] J.-B. Seo, J.-H. Kim, H. Sun, and T.-Y. Yun, “A low-power and high-gain mixer for UWB systems,” IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 803–805, Dec. 2008.
[2-5] Klumperink, E.A.M.; Louwsma, S.M.; Wienk, G.J.M.; Nauta, B.; “A 1 Volt switched transconductor mixer in 0.18 /spl mu/m CMOS” VLSI Circuits, 2003. Digest of Technical Papers. 2003 Symposium on 12-14 June 2003 Page(s):227 – 230
[2-6] H. Y. Wang, K. F. Wei, J. S. Lin, and H. R. Chuang, “A 1.2-V low LO-power 3-5 GHz broadband CMOS folded-switching mixer for UWB receiver,” in IEEE Radio Freq. Integr. Circuits Symp. Dig., Jun. 2008, pp. 621–624.
[2-7] H. Darabi, and A. A. Abidi, “Noises in RF-CMOS Mixers: A Simple Physical Model,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuit,vol. 35,pp.15-25,Jan.2001
[2-8] C. D. Hull, and R. G. Meyer, “A Systematic Approach to the Analysis of Noise in Mixers,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuit vol. 40, pp. No. 8
[2-9] J. Chang, A. A. Abidi, and C. R. Viswanathan, “Flicker Noise in CMOS Transistors from Subthreshold to Strong Inversion at Various Temperatures,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices vol. 41, pp.1965-1971 Nov. 1994
[2-10] Y. Nemironsky, I. Brouk, and C. G. Jakobson, “1/f Noise in CMOS Transistors for Analog Applications,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices vol. 48, pp.921-927, May 2001.
[3-1] V. Vidojkovic, J. von der Tang, A. Leeuwenburgh, and A. H. M.van Roermund, “A low-voltage folded-switching mixer in 0.18-um CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 1259–1264, Jun. 2005
[3-2] C. R. Wu, H. H. Hsieh and L. H. Lu, “An ultra-wideband distributed active mixer MMIC in 0.18um CMOS technology,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 55, no.4, pp. 625-632, Apr. 2007.
[3-3] H. Y. Wang, K. F. Wei, J. S. Lin, and H. R. Chuang, “A 1.2-V low LO-power 3-5 GHz broadband CMOS folded-switching mixer for UWB receiver,” in IEEE Radio Freq. Integr. Circuits Symp. Dig., Jun. 2008, pp. 621–624.
[3-4] H. Darabi, and A. A. Abidi, “Noises in RF-CMOS Mixers: A Simple Physical Model,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuit,vol. 35,pp.15-25,Jan.2001
[3-5] C. H. Chen, P. Y. Chiang, and C. F. Jou, “A low voltage mixer with improved noise figure,”IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 92-94, Feb. 2009.
[3-6] E. A. M. Klumperink, S. M. Louwsma, G. J. M. Wienk, and B. Nauta, “A CMOS switched transconductor mixer,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 1231–1240, Aug. 2004
[3-7] Q. Li, J, and Y. P. Zhang, “CMOS T/R switch design: Towards ultra-wideband and higher frequency,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 563-570, Mar. 2007.
[3-8] X. Guan, and A. Hajimiri, “A 24 GHz CMOS frond-end,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 368–373, Feb. 2004.
[3-9] D. Ahn, D. W. Kim, and S. Hong, “A K-band high-gain down-conversion mixer in 0.18-μm CMOS technology,” IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 227–229, Apr. 2009.
[3-10] H. R. Bae, C. S. Cho, J. W. Lee, and J. Kim, “A 24GHz dual-gate mixer using sub-harmonic in 0.18μm CMOS technology,” in Proc. Asia–Pacific Microw. Conf., Dec. 2009, pp. 1739-1742.
[3-11] M. E. Nozahi, E. S. Sinencio, and K. Entesari, “A 20–32-GHz wideband mixer with 12-GHz IF bandwidth in 0.18-μm SiGe process,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 558, no.11, pp. 2731-2740, Nov. 2010.
[3-12] A. Verma, L. Gao, K. O. Kenneth, and J. Lin. “A K-band down-conversion mixer with 1.4-GHz bandwidth in 0.13-μm CMOS technology,” IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 493–495, Aug. 2005.
[3-13] C. L. Kuo, B. J. Huang, C. C. Kuo, K. Y. Lin, and H. Wang, “A 10–35 GHz low power bulk-driven mixer using 0.13 μm CMOS process,” IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 455–457, Jul. 20

連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top