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研究生(外文):Min-Lung Cheng
論文名稱(外文):High Level of Detail of Building Models and Ant Colony Optimization for Indoor Routes Selection Applications
指導教授(外文):Fuan Tsai
外文關鍵詞:Spatial Applications and AnalysisBuilding Information ModelingAttributes
  • 被引用被引用:4
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由於多樣化的功能與應用,三維數位建物模型在近年來已成為一個新興的研究領域。在CityGML的規範中,針對不同的尺度與應用建議,可以用細節層級 (Level Of Detail, LOD)表達數位建築物模型的細緻程度。三維房屋模型的建置方法主要來自空間資訊領域的由上而下法與建築資訊模型 (Building Information Modeling, BIM) 的由下而上法,本研究初期整合兩個不同領域的建模方法並歸納出一套高精緻度房屋模型的重建程序,並將建築物的屬性資料與模型結合以提供資料展示、查詢以及應用功能。
Recently, 3D building models has become a new research focus for its diversified functionalities and applications. In CityGML specification, the level of detail (LOD)can be used to represent city models in different scales and for different applications. There are mainly two approaches to reconstruct building models. The first (Geoinformatic)uses a top-down strategy; and the other one (Building Information Modeling, BIM) opts the bottom-up method. This research integrates the two approaches and provides an efficiency way to reconstruct high level of detail building models. In addition to the functionality of visualization, this research also adds information-based attributes into building models for applications .
Two spatial analysis application examples are presented in this paper, which are designed to address two safety issues in public spaces. These two examples are carried out based on the reconstructed building models and using ant colony optimization algorithms for indoor search-and-rescue and evacuation routes selections. The results show that building models with information-based attributes can be used to determine the costs for best route selection effectively. In the search-and-rescue example, fire fighters may compute the costs of different routes and choose the best one for rescue mission. For the evacuation simulation example, the ant colony algorithm is modified to dynamically calculate the costs of different evacuation routes in order to provide the best options for the passengers in a complicated train station.
摘要 I
致謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 5
1.3 論文架構 8
第二章 文獻回顧 10
2.1 建築資訊模型 11
2.2 第四層級模型建置 12
2.3 物件概念 16
2.4 螞蟻演算法 17
第三章 研究方法 20
3.1 研究方法與流程 20
3.2 第四層級房屋模型重建 22
3.3 模型物件屬性 27
3.4 房屋資訊模型應用—情境模擬 31
3.5 高斯網路模型 (Gaussian Network Model, GNM) 32
3.6 螞蟻演算法 33
3.6.1 費洛蒙(足跡)與選擇機率 34
3.6.2 最佳路徑選擇週期 37
3.6成本距離 39
3.7 逃生路徑選擇模擬 42
第四章 研究成果與分析 46
4.1 研究資料 46
4.2 模型重建 48
4.2.1 案例一:國立中央大學太空及遙測研究中心 48
4.2.2 案例二:台北車站 55
4.3搜救行動模擬 59
4.3.1 模擬場景 59
4.3.2 搜救行動分析 61
4.4緊急疏散逃生模擬與分析 75
4.4.1 場景設定 75
4.4.2 逃生路徑搜尋 76
第五章 結論與建議 91
參考文獻 94
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