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研究生:彭德桓
研究生(外文):TE-HUAN PENG
論文名稱:職業大客車環保暨安全駕駛績效評估模式之探討
論文名稱(外文):A study of the performance evaluation model on the eco-safe driving bus
指導教授:鄭銘章鄭銘章引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ming-Chang Jeng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:機械工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:126
中文關鍵詞:節能指標安全指標燃油效率節能安全駕駛
外文關鍵詞:Eco-Safe DrivingFuel EconomyEco-driving indicatorSafe-driving indicator
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:254
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
由於大型車輛為民眾較常搭乘的大眾運輸運具,能減少私人運具的使用,提升能源的使用效率。但肇事時會造成重大傷亡,常成為社會關注的焦點。此外道路交通已佔所有交通運輸大部分的溫室氣體排放,因此先進國家推動了節能減碳策略,積極推行綠色交通計畫,發展適應人類居住環境。本研究以城際客運大型車輛職業駕駛人為研究對象,收集駕駛行為資料,以分析能源消耗及不安全駕駛行為,作為宣導及改善駕駛行為的根據。
本研究採用實驗室研發的行車偵測系統,並且配合OBDII車輛診斷設備針對60位不同的大客車職業駕駛者,以國道路線進行實車測試。實驗完畢之後將收集的行車資料進行格式化放入資料庫中,以分析能源消耗及不安全駕駛行為。
研究中發現每一位司機都有其起步習慣,只是在燃油效率呈現上有所不同,起步習慣於引擎轉速1400rpm~1600rpm換檔有較佳的燃油效率表現。本研究又利用Ryosuke Ando等人的分析方式將節能安全駕駛數據化,將起步行為、車速穩定行為、怠速行為定義為節能指標;重加速度行為、重減速度定義為安全指標,結果顯示,指標總分數與完整路線燃油效率、國道路線燃油效率呈現高度正
關。
Bus is one of public transportations that people often chooses to take. It can reduce the use of private vehicles and enhance the efficiency of energy use. Traffic incidents however, often draw major public attention. Reducing consumption and the greenhouse effect is also an important issue for every country. Hence, in this study, researchers collected the data of driving behavior to analyze energy consumption and unsafe driving behavior.

This research is based on our laboratory driving detection system which combines the ODDII on-board diagnostic device to experiment with 60 different bus drivers. After the experiment, the data of the driving process will be formatted into a database to analyze energy consumption and unsafe driving behavior.

In this study, we found that every driver has his own habits of starting and it is different in terms of fuel economy. There is better fuel economy performance starting shift in engine speed 1400rpm ~ 1600rpm. Ryosuke Ando et al analysis used in this study includes the starting behavior, the speed and stability behavior, the Idling behavior is defined as the eco-driving indicator and the heavy acceleration behavior, the heavy deceleration is defined as safe-driving indicators. The results show that the total indicator scores were highly correlated to the fuel economy of all journey and fuel economy of highway.
摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
總目錄 III
圖目錄 V
表目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究範圍與對象 2
1.3 論文架構與研究流程 3
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1自然駕駛觀察研究回顧 5
2.1.1 100-car 文獻回顧 5
2.1.2美國戰略公路研究計劃回顧(SHRP2) 6
2.1.3重型車輛研究(Heavy vehicle study) 6
2.1.4 自然觀察研究司機分心與注意力不集中 7
2.2 節能安全駕駛研究文獻回顧 7
2.2.1 環保安全教育訓練 7
2.2.2 環保安全駕駛指標 13
2.2.3 環保安全駕駛建議 19
第三章 研究方法 22
3.1資料收集 22
3.1.1實驗設備 22
3.1.2 實驗車輛與路線 24
3.2內業資料處理 27
3.2.1 內業數據資料處理 27
3.2.2 內業影像資料處理 31
3.3 資料管理系統 33
3.3.1 駕駛行為分類 33
3.3.2 節能安全駕駛行為報表 35
第四章 駕駛行為分析 41
4.1 11種駕駛行為分析 41
4.2駕駛行為模式分析 43
4.2.1 起步行為個案分析 44
4.2.2 不同個案分析起步行為 69
4.2.3 換檔時機對燃油效率的影響 71
4.3 小結 76
第五章 駕駛行為節能與安全駕駛指標績效評估 77
5.1 節能駕駛指標 77
5.1.1 起步行為指標(Starting indicator): 77
5.1.2車速穩定度指標(Travel indicator): 81
5.1.3怠速指標(Idling indicator): 86
5.2安全駕駛指標 90
5.2.1 重加速指標(Steep acceleration) 90
5.2.2 重減速指標(Steep acceleration) 94
5.3 指標總分數與燃油效率的關係 97
第六章 結論與建議 106
6.1 結論 106
6.2 建議 106
參考文獻 108
附件一 112
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