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研究生:王品崴
研究生(外文):Pin Wei Wang
論文名稱:奈米研究合作與專利品質關連性之研究
論文名稱(外文):The study of the relationship between research and development collaboration and nanotechnology patent quality
指導教授:羅志成羅志成引用關係
指導教授(外文):Charles Lo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:工業教育與技術學系
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:奈米科技專利品質R&;D合作
外文關鍵詞:nanotechnologypatent qualityR&D collaboration
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奈米科技可說是21世紀最具前瞻性的科技,在各個科學領域幾乎都有奈米的運用存在,包含了材料、電子、生醫等等。因此,奈米科技被視為一項增加國家競爭力和經濟的關鍵技術。一般來說,合作是兩個或兩個以上的合作夥伴(人或組織)互相交流以解決任務,不管是知識的交流或是資源的互補性等等。現今R&;D合作發生的次數越來越多,包含了組織的合作、產學合作,甚至是國際間的合作,以獲得最大的價值。基於上述,本研究主要的研究目的有三個: 1.利用專利分析,了解奈米科技專利的發展趨勢;2.運用專利引證網絡分析探討奈米技術的應用範圍;3.探討R&;D合作關係對於專利品質的影響。
本研究搜尋美國專利商標局(USPTO)資料庫,樣本觀測值為2477筆奈米技術的關鍵專利,然後建構專利引證矩陣,並以UCINET進行奈米技術專利引證網絡分析;最後針對各種專利合作的型態,透過Poisson迴歸分析進行實證研究。
研究結果發現,奈米科技從2001年開始有大量的產出,而到近幾年都有穩定的輸出;同時也發現奈米材料和奈米電子屬於現在發展較好的領域;最後在R&;D合作的種類中,包含明星所有權人、國際合作、重複合作關係,以及專利中央性對於專利品質都有顯著的正相關,整體來說合作的關係是提高專利品質的重要因素;但關係種類中的產學合作並沒有顯著的相關性,這主要可能的原因是因為奈米科技在產業界並沒有太普及和商業性,以至於產業界不敢冒太大的風險去研發;也或者是專利所有權歸屬的問題,但整體而言,R&;D合作的關係是促進奈米科技發展的重要因素之一。

Nanotechnology is one of the emerging and breakthrough technologies in the 21st century. Nanotechnologies are general purpose technologies and could be applied into several technological fields, like nanomaterials, nanoelectronic, bionanotechnology, and so on. In a general sense, the concept of R&;D collaboration describes various situations when two or more partners (people or organizations) interact with each other to solve tasks, no matter knowledge flow or resource complementarity. Based on the above, the purposes of the study are: (1) Using patent analysis to realize the orientation and the state of arts in terms of nanotechnology technological development. (2) To visualize the citation network of nanotechnology and to explore crucial network structure in nanotechnology R&;D collaboration. (3) To investigate the impact of collaboration and network characteristics on patent quality.
This paper mainly collected patent information in the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) database. This study data consisted of 2477key patents in the nanotechnology and further constructed a patent citation matrix; secondly, UCINET software was used for nanotechnology network analysis. Finally, Poisson regression analysis are used to analyze what impact that the types of R&;D collaboration on patent quality.
The primary findings indicate that the number of issued patents grew sharply from 2002 and the patent distribution is at the stage of growth. Secondly, the major nanotechnology are nanoelectronic and nanomaterials. Finally, all indicators have positively impact on patent quality, include star assigner, global collaboration, repeated worker, and patent centrality. Expect university-industry collaboration, parts of reason is that industry does not understand the opportunities of nanotechnology or not want to take a risk due to the market uncertainties. Overall, The relationship of R&;D collaboration is an important factor to promote the development of nanotechnology.

Table of Contents
摘要 I
Abstract III
謝誌 V
Table of Contents VII
List of Figures IX
List of Tables XI
Chapter1 Introduction 1
1.1Research Background and Motivation 1
1.2 Research Objectives 5
1.3 Research Questions 6
1.4 Research Procedures 7
Chapter2 Literature Review 9
2.1 The Technological Change of nanotechnology 9
2.2 Conceptual framework for global R&;D collaboration 20
Chapter3 Methodology 33
3.1 Research Design 33
3.2 Research Model and Hypothesis Development 36
3.3 Definition of Variable 40
3.4 Patent Data Collection and Selection Procedure 43
Chapter4 Research Findings and Discussions 45
4.1 General Trend of Nanotechnology Patent 45
4.2 The Network Characteristics of Nanotechnology Patent 48
4.3 Hypothesis Test 52
Chapter5 Conclusions 55
5.1 Review of Research Findings 55
5.2 Limitation and Further Research 59
Reference 63



List of Figures
Figure 1.1.1 the global distribution of patents in nanotechnology 2
Figure 1.4.1 Overview of this Dissertation 8
Figure 2.1.1. General framework of nanoscience and technology evolution 12
Figure 2.1.2 Regional publication share in the domains 17
Figure 2.1.3 Organizational output share by domains 18
Figure 3.1.1 The Research Design of this Dissertation 33
Figure 3.2.1 Research framework 36
Figure 3.4.1 Nanotech roadmap 44
Figure 4.1.1 The general trend of nanotechnology patents 46
Figure 4.1.2 The collaborative activities of patent assigner 47
Figure 4.2.1 Patents network of nanotechnology 51
Figure 4.2.2 Major patents network of nanotechnology 51

List of Tables
Table 2.1.1 Some nanotechnology definitions 9
Table 2.1.2. Classification of nanotechnology research domains 14
Table 2.1.3. Classification of nanotechnology research domains 14
Table 2.1.4 EPO nanotechnology tagging codes in subclass Y01N 15
Table2.2.1 Research related to international collaboration 26
Table 3.3.1 Defintion of dependent, independent, and control variable 41
Table4.2.1 U.S patent coding 48
Table 4.3.1 Poisson regression on patent quality of nanotechnology 53
Table 5.1.1 Summaries of hypotheses 57


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