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研究生:凃雅玲
研究生(外文):Ya-Ling, Tu
論文名稱:科技大學學生個人背景變項、創業動機、創業自我效能與創業意向關係之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of the Relationships among Students’ Personal Background, Entrepreneurial Motivation, Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy, and Entrepreneurial Intention in the University of Technology
指導教授:蕭錫錡蕭錫錡引用關係梁滄郎梁滄郎引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsi-Chi, HsiaoTsang-Lang, Liang
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:工業教育與技術學系
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:171
中文關鍵詞:學生背景變項創業動機創業自我效能創業意向
外文關鍵詞:students’ personal backgroundentrepreneurial motivationentrepreneurial self-efficacyentrepreneurial intention
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本研究旨在探討科技大學學生個人背景變項、創業動機、創業自我效能與創業意向關係之研究,以期本研究結果能為學生需求與現況調整創業教育課程,使學生學習這些創業課程後,幫助學生畢業後從事創業的活動,提高創業的機會。
本研究採用調查研究法,以10所科技大學學生為研究對象,共發出500份正式問卷,經過整理與統計後得回收問卷386份,回收率77.2%,再剔除填答不實或呈固定反應者計有84份,合計有302份,正式問卷有效回收率為60.4%。正式問卷回收之後,則以結構方程模式對回收資料進行分析。
本研究獲得結論如下:
一、科技大學學生的創業動機對創業自我效能之直接效果呈現正向直接影響。
二、科技大學學生的創業動機對創業意向之直接效果呈現正向直接影響。
三、科技大學學生的創業自我效能對創業意向之直接效果呈現正向直接影響。
四、科技大學學生的創業動機可以透過創業自我效能的中介作用,正向影響創業意向。
五、家中親友創業經驗、工作經驗及家庭總收入對於創業動機與創業意向之路徑關係具有干擾效果

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among students’ personal background, entrepreneurial motivation, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial intention in university of technology. By gathering research findings and summing up conclusions, this research presented related suggestions to be references for the university science and technologies, and prospective researchers in the future. This study was conducted using a questionnaire survey. A total of 500 questionnaires were distributed to select the students from the university science and technology. 302 questionnaires were received with a valid return rate of 60.4%. The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling to test the model.

According to the results of statistical analyses, the major findings in this study were as follows:

1.There was a significant and positive direct effect between entrepreneurial motivation and entrepreneurial self-efficacy.
2.There was a significant and positive direct effect between entrepreneurial motivation and entrepreneurial intention.
3.There was a significant and positive direct effect between entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention.
4.Structural modeling analyses indicated that entrepreneurial self-efficacy would mediate the relationship between entrepreneurial motivation and entrepreneurial intention.
5.The findings revealed family members’ entrepreneurial experience, work experience, and family income have moderate effect on entrepreneurial motivation and entrepreneurial intention.

摘 要 I
Abstract III
目 錄 V
圖 次 IX
表 次 XI
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 6
第三節 待答問題 7
第四節 研究方法與步驟 8
第五節 研究範圍與限制 12
第六節 名詞釋義 14
第二章 文獻探討 17
第一節 創業動機的意涵與相關研究 17
第二節 創業自我效能的意涵與相關研究 30
第三節 創業意向的意涵與相關研究 39
第四節 創業意向、創業自我效能與創業意向之關係 43
第五節 影響創業意向之個人背景變項 48
第三章 研究設計與實施 55
第一節 研究架構 55
第二節 研究假設 57
第三節 研究變數與操作型定義 59
第四節 問卷設計 62
第五節 抽樣方法與樣本 67
第六節 預試問卷資料分析 73
第七節 資料處理與分析 79
第四章 資料分析與討論 81
第一節 研究樣本基本資料分析 81
第二節 創業動機、創業自我效能與創業意向量表描述性統計分析 83
第三節 創業動機量表驗證性因素分析 88
第四節 創業自我效能量表驗證性因素分析 98
第五節 創業意向量表驗證性因素分析 106
第六節 創業動機、創業自我效能對創業意向中介影響分析 111
第七節 不同背景變項、創業動機與創業意向之關係 114
第八節 主要研究發現 120
第五章 結論與建議 125
第一節 結論 125
第二節 建議 130
第三節 未來研究建議 133
參考文獻 135
附錄一 專家審查問卷意見彙整 159
附錄二 科技大學學生個人背景變項、創業動機、創業自 我效能與創業意向
關係之研究調查問卷【預試問卷】 161
附錄三 科技大學學生個人背景變項、創業動機、創業自我效能與創業意向
關係之研究調查問卷【正式問卷】 167

圖次
圖1-1 研究流程圖 11
圖2-1 Bandura交換決定 31
圖2-2 自我效能與結果預期之區別圖 33
圖2-3 自我效能訊息的來源 36
圖2-4 創業動機、創業自我效能與創業意向研究概念圖 47
圖3-1 研究架構圖 56
圖4-1 創業動機量表測量模式圖 97
圖4-2 創業自我效能量表測量模式圖 105
圖4-3 創業意向量表測量模式圖 110
圖4-4 創業動機、創業自我效能與創業意向模式圖 113
圖4-5 以性別為干擾因素之路徑關係圖 116
圖4-6 以家中排行為干擾因素之路徑關係圖 117
圖4-7 以家中親友創業經驗為干擾因素之路徑關係圖 118
圖4-8 以工作經驗為干擾因素之路徑關係圖 119
圖4-9 以家庭總收入為干擾因素之路徑關係圖 120

表次
表2-1 動機相關概念表 19
表3-1 創業動機量表的構面 60
表3-2 創業自我效能量表的構面 61
表3-3 創業意向量表的構面 62
表3-4 創業動機量表之題項內容 65
表3-5 創業自我效能量表之題項內容 66
表3-6 創業意向量表之題項內容 67
表3-7 100學年度科技大學辦理創業教育學程一覽表 68
表3-8 我國辦理創業教育的科技大學一覽表 69
表3-9 正式樣本學校一覽表 72
表3-10 問卷審查專家名單 74
表3-11 創業動機量表信度與項目分析表 76
表3-12 創業自我效能量表信度與項目分析表 78
表3-13 創業意向量表信度與項目分析表 79
表4-1 基本資料分析摘要表 82
表4-2 創業動機量表描述性統計分析表 84
表4-3 創業自我效能量表描述性統計分析 86
表4-4 創業意向量表描述性統計分析 87
表4-5 創業動機樣本分配峰度與偏態表 89
表4-6 科技大學學生創業動機測量模式適配度考驗 92
表4-7 科技大學學生創業動機測量模式信度分析表 94
表4-8 科技大學學生創業動機測量模式參數估計表 96
表4-9 創業自我效能峰度與偏態表 99
表4-10 創業自我效能量表模式適配度考驗 102
表4-11 創業自我效能量表測量模式信度分析表 103
表4-12 創業自我效能測量模式參數估計表 104
表4-13 創業意向量表峰度與偏態表 106
表4-14 創業意向模式適配度考驗 108
表4-15 創業意向測量模式信度分析表 109
表4-16 創業意向測量模式參數估計表 110
表4-17 創業動機、創業自我效能與創業意向 假設模式適配度考驗 113
表4-18 樣本分類表 115
表4-19 性別之干擾效果分析 116
表4-20 家中排行之干擾效果分析 117
表4-21 家中親友創業經驗之干擾效果分析 118
表4-22 工作經驗之干擾效果分析 119
表4-23 家庭總收入之干擾效果分析 120

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