(3.230.76.48) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/13 16:48
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:柯俞帆
研究生(外文):Shu-Fan Ke
論文名稱:菌根菌對台灣水青岡苗木生長及生理特性影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Mycorrhizal Fungi on Growth and Physiological Characteristics of Fagus hayatae Seedlings
指導教授:李明仁博士
指導教授(外文):Prof. Dr. Ming-Jen Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立嘉義大學
系所名稱:森林暨自然資源學系研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:林業學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:115
中文關鍵詞:台灣水青岡外生菌根生長生理
外文關鍵詞:Fagus hayataeEctomycorrhizaGrowthPhysiology
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:305
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究旨在探討外生菌根菌對台灣水青岡 (Fagus hayatae Palib. ex Hay., Taiwan Beech) 幼苗的生長及生理特性之效應,本研究以宜蘭銅山地區之台灣水青岡野生外生菌根進行菌根菌之分離,並接種至臺灣水青岡幼苗,6個月後觀察其對苗木生長及生理特性之效應。
本研究自銅山台灣水青岡根系中分離出六株菌株,分別編號為 Fh6、Fh13、Fh15、Fh20、Fh21、及 Fh25,經培養和觀察,發現有分生孢子及分生孢子柄之構造;並經由 rDNA 序列與 NCBI 資料庫比對,Fh6 菌株屬於Chloridium屬;Fh13 菌株屬於Mortierella屬;Fh15 菌株屬於Dermea屬;Fh20 菌株屬於Hymenoscyphus屬;Fh21 菌株屬於晶杯菌科 (Hyaloscyphaceae);F25 菌株屬於Cryptosporiopsis屬。菌株酵素測定實驗結果顯示Fh6、Fh21、Fh25此三株菌株均會產生胞外氧化酵素、漆氧化酵素、及纖維分解酵素等3種酵素,但只有Fh25菌株會產生過氧化酵素及酪胺酸酵素。
將去除種皮及未去除種皮兩種不同處理之台灣水青岡種子進行發芽試驗14天之結果發現,去除種皮者之發芽率達 30.50 ± 5.41 %,而未去除種皮者均未發芽,顯示去除種皮可以促進台灣水青岡種子之發芽。
台灣水青岡苗木經接種Fh25菌株後,經掃描式電子顯微鏡觀察根部構造,發現根部有菌毯及哈替氏網的構造,證實Fh25菌株能夠與台灣水青岡形成外生菌根。
接種試驗結果顯示台灣水青岡苗木接種Fh25菌株之淨高生長量、乾重、總葉面積、在1800 μmol photon m-2s-1平均淨光合作用速率、光補償點、葉綠素a含量、葉綠素a + b 含量、植體內礦物養分含量及生長介質礦物養分含量均較其它處理者佳。

The objective of this study was to examine the effects of ectomycorrhizal fungi on growth and physiological characteristics of Fagus hayatae (Taiwan Beech) seedlings. Taiwan Beech seedlings were inoculated with the strains of ectomycorrhizal fungus, isolated from the field collected ectomycorrhizae of Taiwan Beech at Tong-shan area in Ilan County, and the effects of ectomycorrhiza on seedling growth and physiological characteristics were investigated six months after inoculation.
In this study, 6 strains of fungi were isolated from roots of Taiwan Beech. Were numbered Fh6, Fh13, Fh15, Fh20, Fh21 and Fh25. Conidia and conidiophores were found after culture on wet filter paper. Comparing the rDNA sequences of 6 strains with the NCBI database, Fh6, Fh13, Fh15, Fh20, Fh21 and Fh25 strains are classified to Chloridium sp., Mortierella sp., Dermea sp., Hymenoscyphus sp., Hyaloscyphaceae, Cryptosporiopsis sp., respectively the results of enzyme analysis revealed that the 3 strains Fh6, Fh21 and Fh25 produced extracellular oxidative enzymes, and laccase as well as cellulase, but only Fh25 strain produced peroxidase and tyrosinase.
After 14 days of seed germination test Taiwan Beech seed at removed seed coat and not removed seed coat. The results of seed germination test revealed that the germination rate of seed with removed seed coat was 30.50 ± 5.41 %, however the seed with seed coat remained dormant. This fact demonstrated that removal of seed coat can promote germination of seeds of Taiwan Beech.
Ultrastructure of roots of roots Taiwan Beech seedlings inoculated with Fh25 strains, showed that the roots had Mantle and Hartig net. These characteristics confirmed that the Fh25 strains can form ectomycorrhiza with roots of Taiwan Beech.
The results of measurement of growth of physiological characteristics of Taiwan Beech seedlings inoculated with Fh25 strains revealed that the net height growth, dry weight, total leaf area, in 1800 μmol photon m-2s-1 maximum net photosynthetic rate, light compensation point, chlorophyll content a, chlorophyll content a + b, mineral nutrients concentrations of seeding, mineral nutrients concentrations of growth media are better than those of other treatments.

【摘要】 I
【Abstract】 II
目錄 IV
表目錄 V
圖目錄 VII
壹、緒言 1
貳、前人研究 3
Ⅰ、台灣水青岡 3
Ⅱ、菌根介紹 4
Ⅲ、菌根之功能 8
Ⅳ、菌根菌鑑定 11
Ⅴ、培養基pH及溫度對菌根菌生長之效應 13
Ⅵ、外生菌根菌分解有機質之能力 14
參、材料與方法 16
肆、結果 30
伍、討論 95
陸、結論 103
柒、引用文獻 105


弓明欽、陳應龍、仲崇祿 (1997) 菌根研究及應用。中國林業出版社,223頁。
王月雲、陳是瑩、童武夫 (1981) 植物生理學實驗。國立臺灣師範大學出版組。78-79頁。
王明光 (2007) 森林土壤化學。華香園出版社。台北。542頁。
布倫奧特蘇仁 (2011) 叢枝菌根對蒙古扁穗冰草和外生菌根對蒙古歐洲赤松之效應。國立嘉義大學農業科學博士學位學程,201頁。
江凱楹 (2002) 溪頭地區三種植生下根圈與本體土壤理化性質之分析與金屬形態分佈之研究。國立台灣大學森林學研究所碩士論文, 97 頁。
余旻儒 (2010) Frankia對臺灣胡頹子苗木生長及生理特性之效應。國立嘉義大學農學院森林暨自然資源研究所碩士論文,86頁。
吳欣庭 (2005) 多重分解酵素生產菌種之篩選、鑑定與基本性質研究,朝陽科技大學應用化
學系碩士論文,95頁。
吳繼光、林素禎 (1998) 叢枝內生菌根菌應用技術手冊。臺灣省農業試驗所,232頁。
呂勝由 (1996) 臺灣稀有及瀕危植物之分級彩色圖鑑 (Ⅰ)。行政院農業委員會,163頁。
呂福原、歐辰雄、呂金誠 (1999) 臺灣樹木解說 (三)。行政院農業委員會,217頁。
宋瑞清、吳克 (2005) 紅皮雲杉外生菌根菌對苗木生長的影響。微生物學報40(6):911-933。
宋福強,楊國亭,孟繁榮,田興軍,董愛榮 (2004) 叢枝菌根化大青楊苗木根際微育環境的研究。生態環境 13(2):211-216。
李明仁 (1996) 彩色豆馬勃對松樹及相思樹幼苗生長抗猝倒病之效應。嘉義農專學報,49: 1-23。
李明仁 (2011) 銅山山毛櫸菌根菌對山毛櫸苗木生長及生理特性之效應。農業委員會林務局委託研究計畫100-00-5-25,59頁。
肖同建,楊慶松,冉煒,徐國華,沈其榮 (2010) 接種菌根真菌的旱作水稻-綠豆間作系統養分利用研究。中國農業科學,43(4):753-760。
何躍軍,鐘章成,劉錦春,劉濟明 (2008) 石灰岩土壤基質上構樹幼苗接種叢枝菌根 (AM)真菌的光合特徵。植物研究,28(4):452-457。
易希道 (1991) 最新植物生理學。環球書社,282頁。
林健銘 (2005) 青剛櫟接種塊菌對其生長之影響及龜紋硬皮馬勃對塊菌菌根之競爭力,國立台灣大學森林學研究所碩士論文,64頁。
林瑞進 (2000) 青剛櫟外生菌根苗在貧瘠地造林之研究,國立台灣大學森林學研究所碩士論文,67頁。
林瑞進 (2011) 杜鵑類菌根菌在中台灣杉林溪台灣杜鵑生育地的新紀錄及其效益,國立嘉義大學農業科學博士學位學程博士論文,159頁。
金恒鑣 (1989) 森林土壤的性質與經營。國立編譯館,664頁。
洪國棟 (2008) 臺灣馬醉木之杜鵑類菌根及臺灣馬醉木甲醇萃取物之抗白蟻活性之研究。國立嘉義大學農學院森林暨自然資源研究所碩士論文,76頁。
胡弘道 (1990) 林木菌根。千華出版公司,666頁。
胡弘道 (1999) 森林土壤學,國立編譯館,435頁。
胡弘道、林瑞進、林麗貞 (2002) 青剛櫟外生菌根苗在貧瘠的造林之研究。台大實驗林研究報告16(1):45-60。
胡弘道、王亞男、劉啟福 (2008) 溫度及pH對臺灣塊菌與印度塊菌菌落在洋菜培養基上生長之效應。中華林學季刊,1(1):43-58。
孫岩章、林秀穗、謝煥儒 (2006) 茶白紋羽病及其病原菌。臺大實驗林研究報告20(3):205-213。
袁麗環、王文科 (2011) 接種AM菌根對翅果油樹幼苗生長及葉片光合作用的影響。西北林學院學報26(4):33-35。
高悦、吴小芹、孫民琴 (2009) 馬尾松不同菌根苗對氮磷钾的吸收利用。南京林業大學學報,33(4):77-80。
高嘉鴻 (2005) 中果塊菌 (Tuber mesentericum Vitt.) 之分離、菌落生長及半無菌菌根合成,國立臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所碩士論文,74頁。
高景輝 (1999) 植物生長與分化。國立編譯館。台北。731頁。
張玉明 (2003) 菌根真菌與植生復育探討。大業學報,12(1):103-114。
許桂蓮 (2007) 溫度對塊菌菌落生長效應及夏塊之外生菌根合成。國立臺灣大學生物資源暨農學院森林環境暨資源學系碩士論文,78頁。
許崑衍 (2005) 叢枝菌根菌對羅氏鹽膚木、白匏仔及血桐苗木生長及生理特性之效應。國立嘉義大學農學院森林暨自然資源研究所碩士論文,121頁。
陳子英 (2004) 銅山地區山毛櫸林植物資源調查 (1/2)。農業委員會林務局保育研究系列第92-7號,80頁。
陳子英 (2005) 銅山地區山毛櫸林植物資源調查(2/2)。農業委員會林務局保育研究系列第93-6號,80頁。
陳紀伶 (2005) 叢枝菌根菌及R/FR 對軟毛柿及台灣赤楠苗木生長及生理之影響。國立嘉義大
學農學院森林暨自然資源研究所碩士論文,120頁。
陳潔音 (2001) 彩色豆馬勃菌根於重金屬汙染土壤之復育效應,國立中興大學森林學研究所碩士論文,67頁。
賀立行 (2000) 宜蘭銅山地區山毛櫸土壤動物初步研究。國立臺灣大學森林學研究所碩士論文,46頁。
黃立彥 (2000) 拉拉山台灣水青岡林植群生態與天然更新之研究。國立中興大學森林學系碩士論文,91頁。
黃秀緞、林靜宜、李明仁 (2007) 叢枝菌根菌Entrophospora kentinensis對楝樹苗木生長之效應。中華林學季刊,40(1):1-12。
黃莉媖 (2003) 以核醣體核酸基因內轉錄區之序列鑑定臨床黴菌。國立成功大學醫學工程研究所碩士論文,91頁。
楊正釧、郭幸榮、黃群修 (2010) 台灣水青岡種子的發芽與儲藏性質。臺灣森林經營之回顧與前瞻研討會育林組,92-106頁。
葉玉雲、簡秋源 (1999) 臺灣產漏斗稜孔菌 (Polyporus arcularius) 性別行為和生活史之研究。Fungal Science,14(1):43-52。
葉怡君 (2007) 叢枝菌根菌 Glomus etunicatum 及根瘤菌 Bradyrhizobium elkanii 對不同介質培育相思樹苗木之生長及生理特性效應。國立嘉義大學農學院森林暨自然資源研究所碩士論文,123頁。
廖英明 (1983) 光線、培養基、酸鹹度及溫度對Lepiota naucina菌絲生長之影響。中華農業研究,32(2): 139-145頁。
臺灣植物誌第二版編輯委員會 (1996) 臺灣植物誌第二版第二卷。國立臺灣大學,855頁。
趙書慶 (1998) 利用核醣體DNA的轉錄區鑑定蟲草屬真菌。台北醫學大學細胞及分子生物研究所學位論文,155頁。
趙菡、郭素娟、馬履一 (2009) 3種菌根菌對栓皮櫟接種的效應。林業科技開發,23(1):64-67。
劉業經、呂福原、歐辰雄 (1994) 臺灣樹木誌。國立中興大學農學院叢書,809頁。
歐辰雄、呂金誠 (2000) 插天山自然保留區台灣水青岡天然更新與繁殖之可行性研究 (Ⅱ) 。農委會林務局保育研究系列第89-5號,92頁。
潘怡帆 (2010) 叢枝菌根菌與鹽分對銀葉樹苗木生長及生理特性之效應。國立嘉義大學農學院森林暨自然資源研究所碩士論文,119頁。
蔡秀莉 (2005) 介質及插穗處理對茶扦插發根之影響。國立中興大學土壤環境科學系碩士論文,99頁。
蔣先覺、陳尊賢、林光清、洪富文 (1994) 臺灣高山森林土壤形態,性質與分類。臺灣林業試驗所,391頁。
鄭爕、杜金池 (1976) 不同溫度對木耳 (Auricularia polytricha (Mont.) Sacc.) 菌絲活力影響之研究。中國園藝,22(4): 152-160。
盧廷瑋 (2001) 囊叢枝菌根菌對繖楊、草海桐及臺灣海桐苗木生長及生理特性的效應。國立嘉義大學農學院森林暨自然資源研究所碩士論文,136頁。
蕭淳仁 (2004) 以寡核苷酸微陣列晶片快速鑑定臨床上重要的黴菌。國立成功大學醫事技術學系碩士論文,141頁。
謝宛倫 (2009) 西施花之杜鵑類菌根及其抗白蟻活性之研究。國立嘉義大學農學院森林暨自然資源研究所碩士論文,86頁。
賽逸昕 (2005) 探討白腐真菌之漆氧化酵素的最佳生產條件。東吳大學微生物學系碩士論 文,65頁。
顏江河 (1996) 彩色豆馬勃琉球松菌根在煤礦棄土對土壤溶液中鋁、硫含量及吸收之效應。臺灣大學森林學研究所博士論文,110頁。
顏江河,林哲毅 (2002) 兩種土壤中接種菌根對大頭茶苗木的生長效應。林業研究季刊,24(1):45-52。
顧曉哲、楊惠郎、陳宗嶽 (2003) 中藥冬蟲夏草分子檢定技術之發展。成大生物科技中心通訊創刊號1-8。
Aanen, D. K., T. W. Kuyper and R. F. Hoekstar (2001) A widely distributed ITS polymorphism within a biological species of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Hebeloma velutipes. Mycological Research 105(3):284-290.
Agarwal, P. and P. Sah (2009) Ecological Importance of Ectomycorrhizae in World Forest Ecosystems, Nature and Science 7(2):107-116.
Agerer R (1995) Anatomical characteristics of identified ectomycorrhizas: An attempt towards a natural classification. pp.685-734 In A. Varma and B. Hock, eds. Mycorrhiza structure, Function, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology. Springer, Berlin. 747pp.
Agerer, R. (2006) Fungal relationships and structural identity of their ectomycorrhizae. Mycological Progress 5:67-107.
Agrios, G. N. (2005) Plant Pathology (5th edition). Elsevier Academic Press Burlington, MA, USA, 922pp.
Arnold A. E., D. A. Henk, R. Eells, F. Lutzoni and R. Vilgalys (2007) Diversity and phylogenic affinities of foliar fungal endophytes in loblolly pine inferred by culturing and environmental PCR. Mycologia 99:185–206.
Baxter, M. and G. M. Illston (1980) Temperature relationships of fungi isolated at low temperatures from soils and other substrates, Mycopathologia 72(1):21-25.
Beyeler, M. and W. Heyser (1997) The influence of mycorrhizal colonization on growth in the greenhouse and on catechin, epicatechin and procyanidin in roots of Fagus sylvaticaL. Mycorrhiza 7(4):171-177.
Bisaria, V. S. and S. Mishra, (1989) Regulatory aspects of cellulase biosynthesis and secretion. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology 9:61-103.
Bonner, F. T. and J. A.Vozzo (1987) Seed biology and technology of Quercus. U. S. Dept of Agriculture Forest Service USA, 34pp.
Booth, M. G. and J. D. Hoeksema (2010) MYcorrhizal metworks counteract competitive effects of canopy trees on seedling survival. Ecology, 91(8):2294-2302.
Cairney, J.W.G. and R.M. Burke (1998) Do ecto- and ericoid mycorrhizal fungi produce peroxidase activity. Mycorrhiza 8:61–65.
Clowes, F. A. L. (1951) The structure of mycorrhizal roots of Fagus Sylvatica. Department of Botany, University of Oxford, 17pp.
Colpaerti J. and K. V. Tichelen (1996) Decomposition, nitrogen and phosphorus mineralization from beech leaf litter colonized by ectomycorrhizal or litterdecomposing basidiomycetes. New Phytologist 134:123-132.
Cullings, K. W. and D. R. Vogler (1998) A 5.8S nuclear ribosomal RNA gene sequence database: applications to ecology and evolution, Moleculer Ecology 7: 919-923.
Dunabeitia, M., N. Rodrıguez, I. Salcedo and E. Sarrionandia (2004) Field mycorrhization and its influence on the establishment and development of the seedlings in a broadleaf plantation in the Basque Country, Forest Ecology and Management 195:129-139.
Durán, N. (2000) Potential applications of oxidative enzymes and phenoloxidase-like compounds in wastewater and soil treatment: a review. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 28:83-99.
Gao, Q. and Z.L Yang (2009) Ectomycorrhizal fungi associated with Polygonum and Potentilla species on an alpine-meadow in southwestern China, Submitted of Kunming Institute of Botany, CAS, Lanhei Road 132, Kunming, Yunnan 650204, P.R. China.
Grelet, G. A., D. Johnson, T. Vralstad, I. J. Alexander and I. C. Anderson (2010) New insights into the mycorrhizal Rhizoscyphus ericae aggregate: spatial structure and co-colonisation of ectomycorrhizal and ericoid roots, New Phytologist 188:210–222.
Grunig, C. R. and T. N. Sieber (2011) Structure of Diversity in Dark Septate Endophytes: From Species to Genes, Part 1, 3-30. In A. M. Pirttilä and A. C. Frank, eds. Endophytes of Forest Trees: Biology and Applications. Springer, 319pp.
Gupta, R., Q. K. Beg and P. Lorenz, (2002) Bacterial alkaline proteases: molecular approaches and industrial applications. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 59:15-32.
Hallsworth, J. E. and N. Magan (1996) Culture Age, Temperature, and pH affect the polyol and trehalose contents of fungal propagules, Applied and Environmental Microbiology 62(7):2435-2442.
Harley, J. L. and Smith, S. E. (1983) Mycorrhizal symbiosis. Academic Press. London, 344pp.
Hiott, S. (2009) Mycorrhizae and plant, Wild ones 22(2):1-1.
Jiang, C., Y. Jin, Y. Wang, D. Tao, X. He and Y. Qi (1995) The Relationship Between Cold Tolerance and Ectomycorrhizal Associations of Korean Pine Seedlings. In Mycorrhizas for Plantation Forestry in Asia. 82-85.
Käärik, A. (1965) The identification of the mycelia of wood-decay fungi by their oxidation reactions with phenolic compounds. Studia Forestalia Suecia 31:1-80.
Kingleby, P. A., F. T. Mason and L. V. Fleming (1990) Identification of ectomycorrhizas. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Edinburgh Research Station 64-65.
Kirk, T. K. and R. L. Farrell. (1987) Enzymatic "combustion": the microbial degradation of lignin. Annual Review of Microbiology 41:465-505.
Larcher, W. (2003) Physiological Plant Ecology. Springer, New York. 513pp.
Lei, Z. P., J. R. Jin and C. W. Wang (1995) Antagonism between ectomycorrhizal fungi andplant pathogens. In Mycorrhizas for Plantation Forestry in Asia. 77-81.
Leyval, C. and J. Berthelin (1989) Interactions between Laccaria laccata, Agrobacterium radiobacter and beech roots: Influence on P, K, Mg, and Fe mobilization from minerals and plant growth. Plant and Soil 117:103-110.
Lin, L. C., M. J. Lee and J. L. Chen (2011) Decomposition of organic matter by the ericoid mycorrhizal endophytes of Formosan rhododendron (Rhododendron formosanum Hemsl.). Mycorrhiza 21:331–339.
Luo, E. B., K. Ki, X. Jiang and A. Polle (2009) Ectomycorrhizal fungus (Paxillus involutus) and hydrogels affect performance of Populus euphratica exposed to drought stress. Annals of Forest Science 66:1-10.
MacDonald, D. C. (1977) Methods of soil and tissue analysis used in the analytical laboratory. Canadian Forestry Service Information Report. MM-X-78.
Marc, B., V. Dominique and J. Garbaye (2004) Year-round monitoring of diversity and potential metabolic activity of the ectomycorrhizal community in a beech (Fagus silvatica) forest subjected to two thinning regimes. Mycorrhiza 15:235–245.
Marx, D. H. (1969) The influence of ectotrophic mycorrhizal fungi on the resistance of pine roots to pathogenic infections. I. Antagonism of mycorrhizal fungi to root pathogenic fungi and soil bacteria, Phytopathology 59:153-163.
Sheng, M., M. Tang, H. Chen, B. Yang, F. Zhang and Y. Huang (2008) Influence of arbuscular mycorrhizae on photosynthesis and water status of maize plants under salt stress. Mycorrhiza 18:287–296.
Molina, R., H. Massicotte and J. M. Trappe (1992) Specific phenomena in mycorrhizal symbioses: community ecological consequences and practical implications. pp. 357–423.
Mueller, C. W., N. Brüggemann, K. Pritsch and G. Stoelken (2009) Initial differentiation of vertical soil organic matterdistribution and composition under juvenile beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) trees. Plant Soil 323:111–123.
Olson, S. R. and L. E. Sommers (1982) Phosphorus. In: Page A. L. et al., eds. Methods of soil analysis. Part 2, 2nd ed. Agronomy Monogr. 9, ASA and SSSA. Madison, WI. 403-430.
Peterson, R. L., H. B. Massicotte, and L. H. Melville (2004) Mycorrhizas: Anatomy and Cell Biology. National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, 173pp.
Petr, B. (2009) Ectomycorrhizal fungi and their enzymes in soils: is there enoughevidence for their role as facultative soil saprotrophs. Oecologia 161:657–660.
Rabie, G. H. (1998) Induction of fungal disease resistance in Vicia faba by dual inoculation with Rhizobium leguminosarum and vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Mycopathologia 141:159-166.
Read, D. J. and J. Perez-Moreno (2003) Mycorrhizas and nutrient cycling in ecosystems-a journey towards relevance? New Phytologist 157:475–492.
Reid, C. P. P., F, A. Kidd and S. A. Ekwebelam (1983) Nitrogen nutrition, photosynthesis and carbon allocation in ectomycorrhizal pine, Plant and Soil 7 l:415-432.
Rhoades, J. D. (1982) Cation exchange capacity. In A. L. page et al. (eds) Methods of Soil Analysis. Part2. 2nd ed., Agronomy 9:149-157.
Roman, M. DE, V. Claveria and A. M. De Miguel (2005) A revision of the descriptions of ectomycorrhizas published since 1961, Mycology Research 109(10):1063–1104.
Schnecker, J. (2010) The effects of reduced root exudation on microbial community structure and function in the rhizosphere of a beech forest, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Department of Applied Genetics and Cell Biology, Vienna, 44pp.
Shen, C. F. (1992) A monograph of the genus Fagus Tourn. ex L. (Fagaceae). UMI.
Soltani, A. (2003) Improvement of Seed Germination of Fagus orientalis Lipsky. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae Silvestria 275, 19pp.
Stalpers, J. A. (1978) Identification of wood-inhabiting Aphyllophorales in pure culture. Centraalbureau Voor Schimmelcultures, Baarn. Studies in Mycology 16:1-248.
Taylor, T. B. (1974) Biochemical test for indentification of mycelial culture of Basidiomycetes. Annals Applied Biology 78:113-123.
Tracey, R. P. and T. J. Britz (1989) Cellular fatty acid composition of Leuconostoc oenos, Applied Bacteriology 66(5):445-456.
Tylera, G. (1992) Tree species affinity of decomposer and ectomycorrhizal macrofungi in beech (Fagus sylvatica L.), oak (Quercus robur L.) and hornbeam (Carpinus betulus L.) forests. Forest Ecology and Management 46(1):269-284.
Wallander, H., A. Fossum, U. Rosengren and H. Jones (2005) Ectomycorrhizal fungal biomass in roots and uptake of P from apatite by Pinus sylvestris seedlings growing in forest soil with and without wood ash amendment. Mycorrhiza 15:143-148.
Wesenberg, D., I. Kyriakides, and S. N. Agathos, (2003) White-rot fungi and their enzymes for the treatment of industrial dye effluents. Biotechnology Advances 22:161-187.
White, T. J., T. Bruns, S. Lee and J. Taylor (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. pp. 315-322. In M. A. Innis, D. H. Gelfand, J. J. Sninsky, and T. J. White, Eds., PCR protocols a guide to methods and applications. Academic Press, 482 pp.
Xu, D., N. Malajczukt and T. S. Grovet (1995) Effects of Ectomycorrhiza Fungal Inoculation on Growth and Phosphorus Uptake of Four Provenances of Eucalyptus urophylla. In Mycorrhizas for Plantation Forestry in Asia. 91-94.
Zhou, L. and Y. Zhang (2010) Isolation, characterization and antimicrobial activity of endophytic fungi from Paris polyphylla Smith var. yunnanensis rhizomes. Submitted of BSMPMI Research Group, Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, No.2, Yuanmingyuan West Road, Haidian District, Beijing, Beijing 100193, P. R. China.

連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔