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研究生:蘇信瑋
論文名稱:牛樟及樟樹斷根後根系再生的研究
論文名稱(外文):Root regeneration of Cinnamomum kanehirai and Cinnamomum camphora after root pruning
指導教授:廖秋成
指導教授(外文):Chiu-Cheng Liao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立嘉義大學
系所名稱:森林暨自然資源學系研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:林業學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:31
中文關鍵詞:大樹移植根系再生牛樟樟樹
外文關鍵詞:big tree transplantationroot regenerationCinnamomum kanehiraiCinnamomum camphora
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台灣地狹人稠,且近年來都市發展快速,許多老樹長久以來安身立命的地方被開發為公共設施或建築物,生長空間遭到取代,此時,替老樹找一個適當的地方移植,既可保護老樹又可兼顧都市發展,不失為兩全其美的作法。本試驗以牛樟(Cinnamomum kanehirai)及樟樹(Cinnamomum camphora)為研究對象,進行斷根後根系再生情況的觀測,因牛樟的移植較為少見,為增進對牛樟大樹移植的瞭解,遂將樟樹及牛樟的生長情形做比較,提供牛樟移植之造園綠化業者在移植過程的參考之用。
理論上來說,斷根到移植間的移植準備期越長,讓大樹有充分的時間發展根系,越可增加移植成功的機會,但維護管理費及時間成本等移植成本也會增加。所以在成活的前提下,移植準備期越短越好。
  牛樟斷根後新根在長度、直徑及發根量的生長表現上皆顯著低於樟樹,即使加入土壤溫度判定後依然不改結果,根系再生的速率越慢,吸水能力就恢復得越慢,所需的移植準備期就越長,故牛樟所需的移植準備期較樟樹長。
大樹移植相關研究的進行通常須配合大樹移植工程,在植物材料、試驗地點、斷根季節的選擇上皆有所限制,為研究中較難克服的,倘若能確實掌握此限制因子,定能得到精確的研究成果。
在大樹移植逐漸普及的今日,只要用對方法並掌握到關鍵,維持高成活率已不再是問題,未來將追求的是強度修枝的避免及移植成本的減少,讓大樹的美及綠化功能在最少的花費下達到最大的效益。

Taiwan is small and densely populated. In recent years, the rapid urban development makes the place where many old trees have long been to developed for public facilities or buildings, have been replaced. In this case, find an appropriate place to transplant the old trees, not only protect the old trees but also take into account the urban development, after all, the practice is the best of both worlds. Cinnamomum kanehirai and Cinnamomum camphora as the objects of this research, observe root regeneration after root pruning. Transplantation Cinnamomum kanehirai is rare, in order to understand it more, compare the growth status of Cinnamomum kanehirai with Cinnamomum camphora, to recommend transplant process for garden landscaping workers.
Theoretically, the longer the period of transplanted preparation is, the more time to develop new roots tree have, and the success rate of transplantation would increase, but the cost such as management and time would increase, too. So transplanted preparation period consumed as less as possible on the premise that trees could survive.
After root pruning, the length, diameter and root ratio of new root of Cinnamomum kanehirai are significantly lower than Cinnamomum camphora, even if joined the soil temperature to determine, the results remained unchanged. The slower root regeneration rate is, the slower restoration of water absorption capacity is, and require more time for transplanted preparation period. So transplanted preparation period Cinnamomum kanehirai need more than Cinnamomum camphora do.
This research related big tree transplantation should meet tree transplantation works, the choice of plant material, experiment location and root pruning season are all limited, and they’re difficult to overcome in the research. If we really break these limits, the result will be more accurate.
Big tree transplantation has been increasing popularity, as long as use the right method and grasp the key, maintaining high survival rate is no longer a problem. In the future, the technique will pursue to avoid heavy pruning and to reduce transplantation cost, so that landscape and Green function of the trees could achieve the maximum benefit with the least cost.

中文摘要----------------------------------------------------------------I
英文摘要---------------------------------------------------------------II
目錄--------------------------------------------------------------------III
圖目錄-----------------------------------------------------------------IV
表目錄------------------------------------------------------------------V
壹、前言(Introduction)-------------------------------------------------1
貳、前人研究(Literature review)-------------------------------------3
參、材料與方法(Materials and Methods)---------------------------9
肆、結果與討論(Results and Discussion)-------------------------17
伍、結論(Conclusion)------------------------------------------------27
陸、參考文獻(References)-------------------------------------------28
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