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研究生:蔡佳宏
研究生(外文):Tsai, Chiahung
論文名稱:台灣1997-2009年非蓄意性中毒與蓄意性自殺中毒住院傷患之流病特性及長期趨勢比較
論文名稱(外文):A Comparison of Epidemiological Characteristics and Trends Between Inpatients of Unintentional Poisoning and Intentional Self-poisoning, 1997-2009
指導教授:簡戊鑑簡戊鑑引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien, Wuchien
口試委員:楊聰財曾雯琦簡戊鑑
口試委員(外文):Yang, TsungtsairTzeng, WenchiiChien, Wuchien
口試日期:2012-05-06
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防醫學院
系所名稱:公共衛生學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:公共衛生學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:180
中文關鍵詞:藥物中毒一氧化碳中毒農藥中毒比較蓄意性自殺
外文關鍵詞:drug poisoningmonoxide poisoningpesticide poisoningcomparisonself-poisoning
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
「中毒」為全球關注的公共衛生議題,儘管多數中毒不會造成死亡,但非致死傷患可能存留永久的後遺症,需長期使用醫療服務,成為公共衛生的負擔。本研究採橫斷性研究法,以1997-2009年全民健康保險資料,比較非蓄意性中毒及蓄意性自殺中毒住院傷患,在人口學特性、環境特性、醫療利用與住院率趨勢的差異,並找出自殺中毒與否的預測因子。
女性蓄意性藥物自殺中毒住院比例高於非蓄意性藥物中毒住院比例;15-24及25-44歲蓄意性藥物自殺中毒住院比例高於非蓄意性藥物中毒住院比例;患有精神疾患傷患蓄意性藥物自殺中毒住院比例高於非蓄意性藥物中毒住院比例。蓄意性藥物自殺中毒的預測因子包含女性、青壯年族群(15-24及25-44歲)、精神疾患、都市、季節、手術處置數及住院天數。
男性蓄意性一氧化碳自殺中毒住院比例高於非蓄意性一氧化碳中毒住院比例;25-44歲蓄意性一氧化碳自殺中毒住院比例高於非蓄意性一氧化碳中毒住院比例;患有精神疾患傷患蓄意性一氧化碳自殺中毒住院比例高於非蓄意性一氧化碳中毒住院比例。蓄意性一氧化碳自殺中毒的預測因子包含男性、中壯年族群(25-44及45-64歲)、精神疾患、都市、夏季及秋季、手術處置數與住院天數。
女性蓄意性農藥自殺中毒住院比例高於非蓄意性農藥中毒住院比例;15-24及25-44歲蓄意性農藥自殺中毒住院比例高於非蓄意性農藥中毒住院比例;患有精神疾患傷患蓄意性農藥自殺中毒住院比例高於非蓄意性農藥中毒住院比例。蓄意性農藥自殺中毒的預測因子包含女性、青壯年族群(15-24及25-44歲)、精神疾患、低收入戶、都市、冬季、手術處置數住院天數與住院死亡。

Poisoning is a major public health problem in the world. Although most poisonings may not be immediately lethal, the non-fatal outcomes would be left with permanent disabling sequelae, and the long term medical services usage would be the burden of public health care system. This study used a cross-sectional study method. This research analyzed data on “inpatient expenditures by admissions” and “registry for contracted medical facilities” in the 1997-2009 National Health Insurance (NHI) database. The characteristics of epidemiology and trends were analyzed in order to understand the differences between unintentional and intentional self-poisoning.
Results showed that, intentional drug self-poisoning inpatients were more likely to be female, aged 15-24/25-44 years, with mental disorders, in the urban, in spring/summer, the increased number of operations, and shorter stay.
Intentional carbon monoxide self-poisoning inpatients were more likely to be male, aged 25-44/45-64 years, with mental disorders, in the urban, in summer/fall, and the increased number of operations.
Intentional pesticide self-poisoning inpatients were more likely to be female, aged 15-24/25-44 years, with mental disorders, low-incomed, in the urban, in winter, the increased number of operations/longer stay, and death during hospitalization.
This study highlights several indicators of intentional self-poisoning during medical visits. It is important for care givers to take immediate actions, and to carry on poisoning prevention.

目錄
目錄 I
表目錄 III
圖目錄 IV
摘要 VI
Abstract VIII

第一章 緒論 1
第一節、研究背景 1
第二節、研究動機 5
第三節、研究目的 8
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節、名詞定義 9
第二節、國內外中毒現況 12
第三節、藥物中毒 27
第四節、一氧化碳中毒 32
第五節、農藥中毒 39
第三章 研究方法 44
第一節、研究架構 44
第二節、研究假設 45
第三節、研究材料與方法 47
第四節、研究變項與操作型定義 55
第五節、資料處理與統計方法 57
第四章 研究結果 60
第一節、藥物中毒 60
第二節、一氧化碳中毒 93
第三節、農藥中毒 111
第五章 討論 139
第一節、藥物中毒 139
第二節、一氧化碳中毒 145
第三節、農藥中毒 151
第四節、研究限制 156
第六章 總結 157
第一節、結論 157
第二節、建議 160
第七章 參考文獻 163


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1. 阮祺文(2003)。瓦斯中毒?一氧化碳中毒?。健康世界,206,6-7。
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7. 薛慶福、邱彥文、林宏榮、嚴元隆、蘇世斌(2008)。燒炭自殺所致一氧化碳中毒病患之臨床分析。中華職業醫學雜誌,15(2),121-129。
8. 呂素珍、楊美賞(2003)。急診護理人員對企圖自殺病人的照護困難. 新臺北護理期刊,5(2),37-48。
9. 許木嶺(2000)。一氧化碳中毒及處理。中華職業醫學雜誌,7(3),129-135。
10. 章殷超、溫在弘、賴美淑(2009)。利用地理資訊系統探討肝癌病患就醫地理可近性與醫院選擇間之相關性。臺灣公共衛生雜誌, 28(6),517-529。
11. 楊振昌、洪憲忠、薩支興、陳淑炫、鄧昭芳(1995)。台灣地區自民國74年至民國82年中毒個案之統計資料分析。疫情報導,11(6), 139-58。
12. 呂欣芹、劉珣瑛(2006)。走出自殺防治的迷宮-有效的自殺防治。諮商與輔導,243,2-11。
13. 黃鈞蔚、江弘基、李明濱、戴傅文(2006)。青少年的自殺防治。臺灣醫學,10(3),343-52。
14. 游舒涵、陳映燁、邱燕楓、陳喬琪、邱震寰、郭千哲、張珩、宋晏仁(2007)。台北市1991-2004年間社會經濟因子與自殺死亡率趨勢。臺灣公共衛生雜誌,26(1), 66-74。
15. 李明濱、戴傳文、廖士程、江弘基(2006)。自殺防治策略推動現況與展望。護理雜誌,53(6),5-13。