跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.236.23.193) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/26 05:17
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:林育全
研究生(外文):Yu-chuan Lin
論文名稱:潛水簡報對潛水客海洋環境保護知識之影響
論文名稱(外文):The impact of dive briefing on scuba divers in Taiwan
指導教授:許澤宇許澤宇引用關係王嘉淳王嘉淳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Che-yu HsuiChia-chun Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:旅遊管理學系旅遊管理碩士班
學門:民生學門
學類:觀光休閒學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:75
中文關鍵詞:潛水簡報海洋環境保護知識
外文關鍵詞:dive briefingthe knowledge of ocean preservation
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:7
  • 點閱點閱:1007
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:313
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:5
  本研究乃探討潛水簡報對潛水客海洋環境保護知識與人口統計變項的關係。實驗結果發現潛水客的年齡、教育程度、潛水經驗等級、潛水活動與海洋環境保護知識之間存在顯著差異性。以潛水經驗等級較高者擁有的海洋環境保護知識較高;而潛水活動以進行船潛活動的潛水客之海洋環境保護知識最高。潛水客的潛水簡報進行方式的不同與海洋環境保護知識的差異分析顯示,實施紙本閱讀與課程規劃之潛水簡報實施方式所獲得的海洋環境保護知識分數較高;反之,以口頭講述的方式實施潛水簡報,所獲得的海洋環境保護知識分數則相對較低。由以上研究結果得知,潛水簡報的實施方式會影響潛水客吸收海洋環境保護知識的多寡;根據本研究結果建議,應以紙本閱讀或由專業的課程設計來進行海洋環境保護相關知識的教授;或將海洋環境保護的相關知識規劃在考取證照的教材之內,藉此達到有效教導並提升整體潛水客的海洋環境保護知識,降低海洋環境的破壞,達到海洋觀光永續發展的目的。
  This study aims to examine the difference in ocean preservation knowledge among the groups with different presentations of dive briefing, the difference in ocean preservation knowledge between demographic variables were examined as well. The results reveal that there are significant differences in ocean preservation knowledge on diving experiences, education, age, and diving activity of divers. In other words, experienced divers and divers participated in boat diving have higher scores in knowledge. On the other hand, the groups which read dive-briefing and participated in organized curriculum have higher scores on knowledge more than oral briefing. By the results above, the types of dive briefing, as we have seen, affect the knowledge of ocean preservation. It is necessary to have professional and designed curriculum for scuba divers, and to include these curriculum in teaching materials of license program in order to enhance the levels of knowledge on preservation, reduce damages of oceanic surroundings, and a long-term development of marine tourism.
第壹章 緒論
1.1 研究背景1
1.2 研究動機2
1.3 研究目的與問題4
1.4 名詞解釋4
1.5 研究流程6
 
第貳章 文獻探討
2.1 潛水活動之發展7
2.2 潛水之破壞行為8
2.3 潛水簡報11
2.4 海洋環境保護認知與態度12
2.5 海洋環境保護知識與行為15
2.6 總結19
 
第參章 研究方法與工具
3.1 研究架構20
3.2 研究問題與假設21
3.3 研究變數操作型定義21
3.4 研究對象及抽樣方法22
3.4.1 研究對象22
3.4.2 抽樣方法22
3.5 研究工具23
3.5.1 第一部分:潛客背景資料23
3.5.2 第二部分:海洋環境保護認知23
3.5.3 第三部分:海洋環境保護態度26
3.5.4 第四部分:海洋環境保護知識27
3.6 資料蒐集27
3.6.1 預詴問卷樣本28
3.7 研究者對象之權利31
 
第肆章 實證結果分析
4.1 樣本基本屬性分析33
4.2 信效度分析34
4.2.1 信度分析35
4.2.2 效度分析36
4.2.2.1 海洋環境保護認知因素分析36
4.2.2.2 海洋環境保護態度因素分析37
4.3 海洋環境保護認知與態度之分析39
4.3.1 海洋環境保護認知39
4.3.2 海洋環境保護態度40
4.4 潛水簡報實施方式對於海洋環境保護知識之差異分析41
4.4.1 背景資料差異分析41
4.4.2 潛水簡報44
4.4.3 有實施潛水簡報之背景資料差異分析45
 
第伍章 結果與建議
5.1 研究結果49
5.2 討論50
5.2.1 潛水客的海洋環境認知與態度50
5.2.2 潛水簡報實施方式51
5.2.3 潛水簡報實施場域53
5.2.4 潛水客程度54
5.3 建議54
5.3.1 給管理單位之建議55
5.3.2 給潛水業者之建議55
5.3.3 給潛水客之建議56
5.4 研究限制與範圍57
5.5 後續研究之建議57
 
參考文獻
中文參考文獻 58
References 61
 
附件一、前測問卷 66
附件二、正式問卷 70
附件三、紙本潛水簡報 74
中文參考文獻:
 
王文科(1991)。教育研究法。臺北市:五南。
 
王孟佳(2011)。應用計畫行為理論探討體育班學生學習行為與生涯發展之研究。國立臺灣師範大學體育學系碩士論文,未出版,新北市。
 
王國川(1999)。探討青少年搭機車戴安全帽之行為意向-計劃行為理論之應用。運輸計劃季刊,28(2),321-352。
 
王菊霞(2003)。臺北市高中生參與服務性休閒活動意圖之研究---以師大附中為例。國立台灣師範大學運動休閒與管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
 
方力行(2000)。海洋性格的文化 海洋內涵的教育。研考雙月刊,24(6),38-39。
 
古永嘉、楊雪蘭(編譯)(2011)。D. R. Cooper, P. S. Schindler著。企業研究方法。台北市:華泰文化。
 
邱柏鈞(2008)。運動彩券購買意圖之研究-計畫行為理論之應用。國立臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
 
李坤燕(2002)。國立海洋生物博物館海洋教育教師研習活動之成效研究。國立中山大學海洋資源研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
 
呂珊嫺(2007)。水肺潛水者專業程度、遊憩體驗及環境行為之關係之探討。逢甲大學景觀與遊憩研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中市。
 
林瑞欽(1994)。社區意識的概念-測量與提振策略。社區發展研究學刊,31 ,1-21。
 
林高正(2004)。休閒水肺潛水。國立體育學院教練研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
 
林靜嫺(2008)。基隆市國小教師海洋環境保護之態度與行為。國立台灣海洋大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,基隆市。
 
陳淑君(2004)。居民對文化資產保存認知與願付價格之研究。朝陽大學休閒事業管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中市。
 
張春興(1994)。現代心理學。台北:東華書局。
 
鄒東明(2002)。中山大學學生環境行為之研究—以生科系和管科系為例。國立中山大學公共事務管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
 
楊冠政(1992)。環境行為相關變相之類別。環境教育,15,10-24。
 
黃嘉郁(1999)。大高雄地區海洋教育芻議:從環境教育、科學教育及二十一世紀議程談海洋教育的實施。科學教育研究與發展季刊,15,39-48。
 
童文志(2006)。台南地區國民中學學生對禽流感認知和態度之研究。國立臺南大學環境生態研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南市。
 
溫世頌(1998)。教育心理學。台北:三民書局。
 
戴昌鳳、宋克義、鄭明修、陳昭倫、樊同雲(2004)。台灣海域珊瑚礁現況調查期末報告。行政院農業委員會委託研究期末報告,農科-1.4.5-漁-F1(21)。台北市:中華民國珊瑚礁學會。
 
謝新曦(2001)。台灣潛水發展史漫談。潛與潛專集,春刊,52-54。
 
謝淑芬(1994)。觀光心理學。台北:五南。
 
羅力(2010)。休閒水肺潛水者動機及行為研究—以臺灣東北角龍洞灣為例。國立台灣海洋大學海洋事務與資源管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,基隆市。
 
蘇焉(1999)。浮潛海中天-悠遊水底世界。台北:大地地理出版事業股份有限公司。
 
鐘校聖(1990)。認知心理學。台北:心理出版社。
 
References:
 
Arcury, T.A. (1990). Environmental attitude and environmental knowledge.Human Organization, 49(4), 300-304.
 
Ajzen, I. & Fishbein, M. (1975). Belief, attitude, intention and behavior: aintroduction to theory and research. Journal of Leisure Research, 27(1),61-84.
 
Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1980). Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
 
Ajzen, I. (1985). From intentions to actions: A theory of planned behavior,Action-control: From cognition to behavior. Heidelberg: Springer.
 
Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior & Human Decision Processes, 50, 179-211.
 
Ajzen, I, (2002), Perceived behavioral control, self-efficacy, locus of control,and the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32, 665-683.
 
Barker, N.H.L., & Roberts, C.M. (2004). Scuba diver behaviour and the management of diving impacts on coral reefs. Biological Conservation 120, 481–489.
 
Coral Reef Alliance:http://www.coral.org/
 
Davenport, T.H., & Prusak, L. (1998). Working knowledge: How organizations manage what they know. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
 
Davenport, J., & Davenport, J.L. (2006). The impact of tourism and personal leisure transport on coastal environments: A review. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 67, 280–292.
 
Davis, D. & Tisdell, C. (1995). Recreational scuba-diving and carrying capacity in marine protected areas. Ocean and Coastal Management ,62 26(1), 19–40.
 
DEMA (Diving Equipment & Marketing Association):www.dema.org.
 
Dunlap, R.E., Van Liere, K.D., Mertig, A.G., & Jones, R.E. (2000). New Trends in measuring environmental attitudes: Measuring endorsement of the New Ecological Paradigm: A revised NEP scale. Journal of Social Issues, 56(3), 425-442.
 
Gossling, S. (2003). Tourism and development in Tropical Islands: Political Ecology Perspectives. London: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.
 
Great Barrier Reef Mrarine Park Authority(GBRMPA) (2009). Great Barrier Reef Outlook Report 2009. In Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority
 
Press, 36 . Harriott, V., Davis, D. & Banks, S. (1997). Recreational diving and its impact on marine protected areas in Eastern Australia. Ambio, 26(3), 173–179.
 
Hasler, H. and Ott J.A.(2008). Diving down the reefs? Intensive diving tourism threatens the reefs of the northern Red Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 56(10), 1788-1794.
 
Hawkins, J.P. & Roberts, C.M. (1992). Effects of recreational SCUBA diving on fore-reef slope communities of coral reefs. Biological Conservation, 62(3), 171–178.
 
Hawkins, J.P. & Roberts, C.M. (1993). Effects of recreational scuba diving on coral reefs: Trampling on reef flat communities. Journal of Applied Ecology, 30(1), 25–30.
 
Hawkins, J.P., Roberts, C.M., VantHoff, T., deMayer, K., Tratalos, J., Aldam, C. (1999). Effects of recreational sucba diving on Caribbean coral and fish communities. Conservation Biology, 13(4), 888–897.
 
Hughes, T.P., Baird, A.H., Bellwood, D.R., Card, M., Connolly, S.R., Folke, C., Grosberg, R., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Jackson, J.B.C., Kleypas, J., Lough, J.M., Marshall, P., Nystrom, M., Palumbi, S.R., Pandolfi, J.M., 63
 
Rosen, B. & Roughgarden, J. (2003). Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs. Science, 301, 929–933.
 
Hughes, G. (2002). Environmental indicators. Annals of Tourism Research, 29(2), 457-477.
 
Hudson, B.E.T. (1988). User and public education. In Coral reef management handbook, UNESCO, ed. R. A. Kench-ington & B.E.T. Hudson, Jakarta, 163-171.
 
Katz, J. (1996). The aquatic handbook for lifetime fitness. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn.
 
Knudson, Douglas, M., Ted T. Cable, and Larry Beck.(1995). Interpretation of Cultural and Natural Resources. State College, PA:Venture Publishing.
 
Liu, Z. (2003). Sustainable tourism development: a critique. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 11(6), 459–475.
 
Medio, D., Ormond, R.F.G. and Pearson, M. (1997). Effect of briefings on rates of damage to corals by scuba divers. Biological Conservation.79(1), 91-95.
 
Miller, M.L. (1990). Tourism in the coastal zone: portents, problems, and possibilities. In M.L. Miller and J. Auyong (eds), Proceedings of the Congress on Coastal and Marine Tourism. Vol. 1. National Coastal Resources Research Institute, Corvallis OR.
 
Musa, G. (2002). Sipadan: a SCUBA-diving paradise: an analysis of tourism impact, divers satisfaction and tourism management. Tourism Geographies, 4(2), 195-209.
 
Mark D. Needham and Brian W. Szuster (2011). Situational influences on normative evaluations of coastal tourism and recreation management strategies in Hawai''i. Tourism Management 32, 732-740.
 
Nonaka, I. & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge creating company: How Japanese companies creat the dynamic of innovation. New York: Oxford University Press.
 
Orams, M. (1999). Marine tourism: Development, impacts and management. New York: Routledge.
 
Plimmer, W.N. (1992) Managing for growth: Regulation versus the market. In Proceedingsof Conference Ecotourism Business of the Pacific (pp.122–25). Auckland: University of Auckland.
 
PADI (2008). PADI (PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION OF DIVING INSTRUCTORS) Instructor-Manual, Tomas St. Rancho Santa Margarita,CA U. S. A., pp140.
 
Rouphael, A.B. & Inglis, G.J. (1997). Impacts of recreational scuba diving at sites with different reef topographies. Biological Conservation, 82,329–336.
 
Rouphael, A.B. (1997). The temporal and spatial patterns of impact caused by SCUBA diving in coral reefs, and the human and site specific characteristics that influence these patterns. Ph.D. Thesis, James Cook University of North Queensland, Townsville, Australia.
 
Rogers, C.S. (1990). Responses of coral reefs and reef organisms to sedimentation. Marine Ecological Progress Series,62 (1-2), 185-202.
 
Worachananant, S., Carter, R.W., Hockings, M. and Reopanichkul, P. (2008). Managing the impacts of SCUBA divers on Thailand’s coral reefs. Journal of Sustainable, 16(6).645-663.
 
Shafer, C.S. and Inglis, G.J. (2000). Influence of social, biophysical, and managerial conditions on tourism experiences within the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area. Environmental Management, 26(1), 73-87.
 
Talge, H. (1992). Impact of recreational divers on Scleractinian Corals at Looe Key, Florida. Proceedings of the Seventh International Coral Reef Symposium, Guam, 2, 1077–1082 .65
 
Thompson, S.C.G. & Barton, M. (1994). Ecocentric and anthropocentiic attitudes toward the environment. Journal of Environmental Psychology,14, 149-157.
 
Tilmant, J.T. & Schmahl, G.P., (1981). A comparative analysis of coral damage on recreationally used reefs within Biscayne National Park, Florida. In Proceedings of the Fourth International Coral Reef Symposium(pp. 187–192). Quezon City, Philip-pines: University of the Philippines.
 
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/unesco/
 
Beukering, P.J.H. van & Cesar, H.S.J. (2004). Ecological economic modeling of coral reefs: evaluating tourist overuse at Hanauma Bay and Algae Blooms at the Kihei Coast. Hawaii. Pacific Science, 58(2), 243-260.
 
Walters, R.D.M., Samways, M.J. (2001). Sustainable dive ecotourism on a South African coral reef. Biodiversity and Conservation, 10, 2167–2179.
 
Wilkinson, C. (2004). Executive summary. In: Wilkinson, C. (Ed. ), Status of Coral Reefs of the World. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville.
 
Zakai, D. & Chadwick-Furman, N.E. (2002). Impacts of intensive recreational diving on reef corals at Eilat, northern Red Sea. Biological Conservation 105, 179–187.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top