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研究生:林佳穎
研究生(外文):Lin, Chia-Ying
論文名稱:db/db第二型糖尿病小鼠學習與記憶之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study Of Learning And Memory In Type 2 Diabetic db/db Mice
指導教授:楊瀅臻
指導教授(外文):Yang, Ying-Chen
口試委員:郭村勇朱有田黃乃瑰黃春霖
口試委員(外文):Kuo, Tsun-YungJu, Yu-TenHuang, Nai-KueiHuang, Chuen-Lin
口試日期:2012-07-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立宜蘭大學
系所名稱:生物技術研究所碩士班
學門:農業科學學門
學類:畜牧學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:糖尿病學習與記憶Tau磷酸化
外文關鍵詞:Diabetes MellitusLearning and MemoryTauphosphorylation
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  第二型糖尿病與阿茲海默症影響國人健康甚鉅,許多研究結果顯示第二型糖尿病是阿茲海默症疾病的高危險因子,但其詳細機轉仍不清楚。本研究旨在釐清第二型糖尿病小鼠學習與記憶是否受損,以及腦中Tau蛋白是否有過度磷酸化現象,同時以雙螢光素酶報導基因平台篩選潛力藥物。首先,我們檢測野生型 (WT)、異合子 (db/+)、第二型糖尿病 (db/db) 小鼠的體重、一般血糖值與禁食後血糖值。結果顯示,db/db小鼠的體重及血糖值均較db/+及WT小鼠顯著增加。水迷津訓練結果顯示,db/db小鼠直至訓練第五天仍無法找到平台;探針實驗結果亦顯示,db/db小鼠在原來平台所在象限的停留時間百分比只有12%,顯著低於WT與db/+小鼠;db/db小鼠經過平台的次數也顯著低於WT與db/+小鼠,證實db/db小鼠的空間學習與記憶嚴重受損。我們接著以西方墨點法分析小鼠腦部海馬迴組織的Tau蛋白磷酸化程度,db/db小鼠海馬迴中Tau蛋白的Thr205、Ser262、Ser396磷酸化程度確實顯著增加,或許db/db小鼠空間學習及記憶能力較差,可能與Tau蛋白過度磷酸化有關。此外,本論文利用雙螢光素酶報導基因平台篩選潛力藥物,我們已找到能顯著促進PPRE媒介的報導基因表現之潛力藥物,並且釐清此藥物所活化的下游訊息傳遞路徑。至於此藥物是否能改善db/db小鼠的記憶缺損、Tau蛋白過度磷酸化及高血糖等現象尚有待證實。
  Type 2 diabetes mellitus and Alzheimer's disease (AD) affect the health of citizens hugely. A large body of evidence indicates that diabetic patients have an increased risk of developing AD; however, the mechanism is unknown. This study is aimed to clarify whether diabetic mice show impaired memory or hyperphosphorylation of Tau in their brains. We also screen potential drugs by dual-luciferase reporter assay for therapy. First, we analyzed the body weight, normal blood glucose levels and fasting blood glucose levels of wild-type (WT), heterozygous (db/+), and type 2 diabetes (db/db) mice. The results showed that the body weight and blood glucose levels of db/db mice increased significantly when compared with db/+ and WT mice. Next, water maze was carried out to examine the spatial memory formation of db/db mice. The result revealed that db/db mice did not find the platform till the end of training. One day later, the probe trial test was carried out. It showed that db/db mice spent only 12% of time in the target quadrant than did the WT and db/+ mice. It also showed that db/db mice reached the platform fewer times than WT and db/+ mice. The results demonstrated that the spatial memory formation is severely impaired in db/db mice. The mouse brains were then dissected out and subjected to western blot for Tau phosphorylation analysis. The results showed that Thr205, Ser262, and Ser396 of Tau were highly phosphorylated in db/db mice. This suggests that the memory impairment in db/db mice might be related to the hyperphosphorylation of Tau. In addition, the use of the dual-luciferase reporter gene assay for screening potential drugs was conducted. We have identified a potential drug that drives PPRE-mediated reporter gene expression potently and the underlying signaling pathways was studied by the reporter assay platform as well. Whether this potential drug exerts its protective effect on memory deficit, Tau phosphorylation, or hyperglycemia in db/db mice yet to be further investigated.
目錄
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
目錄 III
圖目錄 V
縮寫對照表 VI
第一章、 緒論 1
第一節、 糖尿病 (Diabetes mellitus, DM) 1
第二節、 學習與記憶 7
第三節、 阿茲海默症 (Alzheimer’s disease, AD) 8
第四節、 藥物介紹 11
第五節、 研究目的 13
第六節、 實驗設計 13
第二章、 材料與方法 15
第一節、 動物來源及飼養 15
第二節、 動物基因型鑑定 15
第三節、 血糖檢測 17
第四節、 莫氏水迷津學習實驗(Morris water maze learning test) 17
第五節、 腦組織採樣 17
第六節、 蛋白質萃取 18
第七節、 蛋白質濃度測定 18
第八節、 西方墨點法 (Western blot) 18
第九節、 細胞培養 20
第十節、 藥物製備 20
第十一節、 質體 (Plasmids) 22
第十二節、 小量質體 DNA 製備 22
第十三節、 MTT 細胞存活率分析 23
第十四節、 藥物處理及細胞轉染 23
第十五節、 雙螢光素酶報導基因分析 (Dual-luciferase reporter assay) 24
第十六節、 統計方法 25
第三章、 結果 26
第一節、 以PCR方式進行db/db第二型糖尿病小鼠基因型檢測 26
第二節、 db/db第二型糖尿病小鼠之體重與血糖分析 26
第三節、 以莫氏水迷津檢測db/db第二型糖尿病對小鼠的空間記憶之影響 27
第四節、 使用西方墨點法分析糖尿病對小鼠的海馬迴組織Tau蛋白磷酸化程度之影響 28
第五節、 使用PC12細胞,轉染具有PPRE之報導基因,觀察Harmine與Y314藥物是否能促進報導基因進行轉錄轉譯作用 29
第六節、 Y314不影響PC12細胞存活率 29
第七節、 求得Y314半致效應濃度 (EC50) 30
第八節、 探討Y314影響PPRE媒介的基因表現之可能路徑 30
第四章、 討論 32
第五章、 結論與未來展望 37
第六章、 圖 38
附錄 49
參考文獻 53

中文參考文獻
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行政院衛生署(2010)。衛生統計指標。檢自
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財團法人糖尿病關懷基金會(2002)。檢自http://www.dmcare.org.tw/。
彭瓊琿、張浤榮、黃建寧(2010)。糖尿病合併末期腎臟病患者之透析選擇--文獻回顧
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張曉婷、杜明勳(2005)。糖尿病神經病變--診斷及處置。基層醫學,20:4,84-88。

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