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研究生:許良衡
研究生(外文):Shiu, Liang-Heng
論文名稱:利用聚丙烯醯胺修飾磁性吸附劑吸附水中磷酸鹽
論文名稱(外文):Application of Magnetic Particles Modified with Polyacrylamide to Adsorb Phosphate in Aqueous Solution
指導教授:邱求三陳華偉陳華偉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chiou, Chyow-SanChen, Hua-Wei
口試委員:邱求三陳華偉洪桂彬
口試委員(外文):Chiou, Chyow-SanChen, Hua-WeiHung, Guei-Bin
口試日期:2012-07-04
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立宜蘭大學
系所名稱:環境工程學系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:磁性吸附劑油酸聚丙烯醯胺吸附磷酸鹽
外文關鍵詞:Magnetic adsorbentsoleic acidpolyacrylamideadsorptionphosphate
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  • 被引用被引用:1
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  • 下載下載:32
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磁性觸媒作為吸附劑可以克服水溶液中微小顆粒的回收問題,實驗中以磁性顆粒(Fe3O4)為核心,經油酸包覆後(油酸/Fe3O4)作為磁性載體,再以聚丙烯醯胺(PAM)為功能單體,乙二醇二甲基丙烯酸酯為交聯劑,聚乙烯吡咯烷酮為穩定劑,偶氮二異丁腈為自由基引發劑,製備胺基磁性吸附劑(PAM/油酸/Fe3O4)。利用此磁性吸附劑對水中磷酸鹽進行吸附實驗,實驗中探討反應最佳pH値、不同磷酸鹽濃度等參數影響,並進行等溫吸附實驗(25℃)、動力吸附及脫附實驗。經最佳pH値實驗發現,pH值在4.5± 0.1時可達最佳吸附量。將等溫吸附實驗數據代入吸附模式分析後發現,磁性吸附劑對磷酸鹽的吸附行為符合Langmuir吸附模式,估算最大吸附量(Qm)及平衡常數(kL)分別為28.143 mg g-1與0.002 mg L-1;由動力吸附實驗可求得反應之活化能為28.292 kJ mol-1。實驗後的磁性吸附劑可藉由外加磁場回收並進行脫附實驗。由脫附實驗探討發現,磁性吸附劑在0.05 M的NaOH水溶液中,可達最佳脫附磷酸鹽的效果。
A magnetic adsorbent, amine-functionalized oleic acid magnetite (PAM / oleic acid / Fe3O4), has been synthesized to behave as an cationic adsorbent by adjusting the pH value of the aqueous solution to make amino groups protonated. PAM / oleic acid / Fe3O4 was used to adsorb phosphate ions in an aqueous solution in a batch system, and the maximum adsorption were found to occur at pH 4.5. The adsorption equilibrium data were all fitted the Langmuir isotherm equation reasonably well, and the maximum adsorption capacities of phosphate ions were more than 28.143 mg g-1 and increased with elevating temperature. the enthalpy (△H0) and entropy (△S0) values of PAM / oleic acid / Fe3O4 with the adsorption reaction of phosphate ions from PAM / oleic acid / Fe3O4 is provided by a solution with 0.05 M NaOH.
目錄
摘要 I
Abstract II
目錄 III
圖目錄 IV
表目錄 IV
第一章 緒論 4
1.1 研究緣起 4
1.1.1 磷酸鹽污染 4
1.1.2 磁性顆粒製備 4
1.1.3磁性流體 4
1.2 研究目的 4
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1 磷酸鹽介紹 4
2.1.1 磷酸鹽簡介 4
2.1.2 磷酸鹽應用 4
2.1.2.1 工業上磷酸鹽應用 4
2.1.2.2 農業上磷酸鹽應用 4
2.1.2.3 食品業上磷酸鹽應用 4
2.1.2.4 其他磷酸鹽應用 4
2.1.3 磷酸鹽廢水處理 4
2.2 磁性顆粒 4
2.2.1 氧化鐵 4
2.2.2 磁性載體Fe3O4 4
2.2.3 磁學性質 4
2.2.3.1 磁性材料分類 4
2.2.3.2 磁區與磁滯曲線 4
2.2.3.3 磁性與粒徑關聯 4
2.2.4 磁性顆粒表面改質 4
2.3 油酸/Fe3O4顆粒 4
2.3.1油酸特性 4
2.3.2油酸包覆Fe3O4顆粒 4
2.4 磁性聚合材料 4
2.4.1 磁性聚合材料選擇 4
2.4.2功能單體丙烯醯胺特性 4
2.4.3 磁性聚合材料製備 4
2.5 吸附理論 4
2.5.1 吸附類型 4
2.5.2 等溫吸附理論 4
2.5.3 吸附動力學 4
2.5.4 影響吸附的因子 4
第三章 材料與方法 4
3.1實驗藥品與儀器 4
3.1.1 實驗藥品 4
3.1.2 儀器 4
3.2 特性分析 4
3.2.1 FT-IR分析 4
3.2.2 XRD分析 4
3.2.3 TGA熱重分析 4
3.2.4 BET比表面積分析 4
3.2.5 VSM磁性分析 4
3.3 磁性聚合材料製備 4
3.3.1 油酸包覆磁性載體(油酸/Fe3O4 ) 4
3.3.2 丙烯醯胺聚合磁性顆粒(PAM/油酸/Fe3O4) 4
3.4 吸附實驗 4
3.4.1 等溫吸附實驗 4
3.4.2 動力吸附實驗 4
3.4.3 脫附實驗 4
3.4.4重複實驗 4
第四章 結果與討論 4
4.1 特性分析 4
4.1.1 FT-IR 4
4.1.2 XRD 4
4.1.3 TGA 4
4.1.4 BET比表面積分析 4
4.1.5磁性分析(Vibrating Sample Magnetometer, VSM) 4
4.2 吸附實驗 4
4.2.1 pH值影響 4
4.2.2 等溫吸附實驗 4
4.2.3 動力吸附實驗 4
4.2.4 脫附實驗 4
4.2.5 重複實驗 4
第五章 結論 4
參考文獻 4


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