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研究生:蔡秉儒
研究生(外文):Tsai,Ping-Ju
論文名稱:台東縣籐溪大和米蝦(Caridina multidentata) 之生物學研究
論文名稱(外文):Biology Of the Atyid Shrimp Caridina MultidentataFrom The Teng Stream Of Taitung
指導教授:瞿大維瞿大維引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chu,Tah-Wei
口試委員:劉擎華鄭安倉
口試委員(外文):Liou,Chyng-HwaCheng,Ann-Chang
口試日期:2012-07-12
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄海洋科技大學
系所名稱:水產養殖研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:46
中文關鍵詞:台東縣籐溪大和米蝦兩側洄游
外文關鍵詞:TaitungTeng streamCaridina multidentataamphidromous migration
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  • 下載下載:148
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大和米蝦分布非常廣,從日本、台灣到馬達加斯加都有分布。台灣
主要分布在北部、東北部、東部與南部低海拔的溪流中。此蝦屬兩
側洄游型,意旨雌蝦交配抱卵後,遷移至下游或河口產卵,蝦苗順著
水流到達有鹽分的環境行浮游生活,待其脫殼發育成稚蝦之後,再上
溯回到河川,完成其生活史。此模式使得其族群量,容易因外界干擾
不易恢復;另外其因具觀賞價值,因此人為捕撈壓力甚大,使得族群
大量減少。本研究係自2010 年12 月至2011 年11 月間,在台東縣
東河鄉籐溪的六個測站以同樣方法進行12 次採集,期間共採獲大和米
蝦494 尾,雌雄比為1:3.52。其中雄蝦354 尾,平均頭胸甲長6.0mm,
最大頭胸甲長7.94mm;雌蝦140 尾,平均頭胸甲長8.43mm,最大頭
胸甲長為9.59mm,雌蝦最小性成熟頭胸甲長為6.52mm。在觀察中發
現,多數的雌蝦在即將產卵時(抱卵階段2~3),體內也同時具有發育
成熟即將排卵的卵巢(卵巢階段2~3),這表示雌蝦在繁殖季會產卵一
次以上。本研究發現雌蝦的抱卵率與溫度有高度的正相關性。
Caridina multidentata distributes from Japan, Taiwan to Madagascar.
In Taiwan, it can be discovered at low attitude areas in Northern, Northeast,
Eastern, Southern at low altitude area. In C.multidentata life history,
with a female hatching migration from the river to an estuary, larval development
in saltwater, and a return upriver migration by postlarvae
(amphidromous migration). It’s not easy to increase the population size.
Due to different and wan-wade influences. In this study measurements
were done on the temporal and spatial distribution of reproductive
C.multidentata in the Teng Stream, Taitung, Taiwan. Sampling of
C.multidentata for this study took place at six sites along the Teng Stream
for monthly a year (2010.12~2011.11). During these 12 months, 494 individuals
were captured. The ratio of gender is 1:3.52 (female : male
=140:354). Females (average carapace length (CL) = 8.43mm; maximum
size(CL) =9.59mm ) were significantly larger than males(average CL
=6.0mm; maximum size(CL) =7.94mm). The smallest mature size of female
was 6.52mm. Many of the pre hatching females (with stage
2-3embryos) were observed with pre spawning ovaries (ovarian stage
2-3). This shows females were produced more than one brood during a
breeding season. During the breeding season, females egg-carrying rate
were correlated positively with temperature.
中文摘要.................................I
英文摘要.................................II
致謝....................................III
目錄....................................IV
表目錄...................................V
圖目錄...................................VI
第一章 前言...............................1
第二章 文獻回顧............................3
第三章 材料與方法..........................9
第四章 結果...............................14
第五章 討論...............................18
結論與建議................................22
參考文獻..................................23
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