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研究生:李華暉
研究生(外文):Hua-hui Lee
論文名稱:從原型到個體化:以容格觀點解讀譚恩美的《百種神祕感覺》
論文名稱(外文):From Archetypes to Individuation: a Jungian Perspective on Amy Tan's The Hundred Secret Senses
指導教授:朱雯娟朱雯娟引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jenny Wen-chuan Chu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:英語學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:97
中文關鍵詞:譚恩美容格百種神祕感覺原型集體無意識個體化
外文關鍵詞:Amy TanC. G. JungThe Hundred Secret SensesArchetypesthe Collective UnconsciousIndividuation
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論文名稱 : 從原型到個體化 : 以容格觀點解讀譚恩美的《百種神祕感覺》
系所組別 : 國立高雄師範大學英語學系碩士班
畢業時間與提要別 : 一百學年度第二學期論文提要
指導教授 : 朱雯娟 博士
研究生 : 李華暉
論文提要 :


《百種神祕感覺》(The Hundred of Secret Senses) 是亞裔作家譚恩美的第三本小說,出版於西元一九九五年。這本小說不同於譚恩美以前的兩部小說。《喜福會》(The Joy Luck Club) 和《 灶君娘娘》(The Kitchen God’s Wife)是著重於母女關係,而《百種神祕感覺》主要是描述姊妹情深,不同的生長背景,導致不同的人生觀,本篇論文撰寫的主旨,在於探討譚恩美的《百種神祕感覺》文本中兩位姊妹婉(Kwan) 和奧莉薇亞 (Olivia) 的心靈成長過程─個體化過程。
本篇論文以容格 (C. G. Jung) 的分析心理學(Analytical Psychology)為理論基礎,來探討故事中人物的心理狀態。本論文共分五章。第一章簡述譚恩美的寫作背景,與採用容格理論的原因。第二章深入探討容格的原型、集體無意識和個體化過程的心理理論。第三章更進一步了解原型: 自我 ( the ego)、陰影 (the shadow)、面具(the persona) 和安尼瑪/ 安尼姆斯 (the anima/animus)如何影響婉(Kwan) 和奧莉薇亞 (Olivia)的心靈成長。第四章描述婉(Kwan) 和奧莉薇亞 (Olivia)藉由本我 (the Self)的浮現達到心靈成熟─就是個體化的階段。第五章總結此篇論文的重點,並重申《百種神祕感覺》是一部反映容格理論的作品。

Abstract

The Hundred of Secret Senses was written by Asian American writer, Amy Tan and published in 1995. Tan’s first two novels, The Joy Luck Club and The Kitchen God’s Wife particularly described the mother-daughter relationship. The Hundred Secret Senses, however, is different. This novel portrays the mysterious lives of half-sisters, American-born Olivia and Chinese-immigrant Kwan. The story changed frequently between the present and the past, as well as America and China. Asian American women’s writings favor supernatural components. Similarly, Tan adopts ghostly haunting and supernatural elements into this novel. Through Kwan and Olivia, I explore how to seek their individuation.
This thesis is divided into five chapters. In Chapter One, I outline the writing background to The Hundred Secret Senses by Amy Tan and I proceed Jungian theories. Chapter Two discusses Jung’s analytical psychology and focuses on two parts: one is the archetypes and the collective unconscious; the other is the psychic growth of individuation. Chapter Three interprets by Jungian analysis of The Hundred Secret Senses through the experiences of two of the characters in the novel, Olivia and Kwan. I depict Olivia’s awakening and spiritual growth resulting from her journey to China. At the same time, I explore Kwan’s past lifetime which influences her whole life. In Chapter Four, there is a depiction and analysis of the enlightenment stage of human development: individuation. That is a life stage that is attained after developing greater maturity. Finally, in Chapter Five, there is the conclusion which summarizes the reasons why a Jungian perspective is adopted and what value it provides in such literary studies.


Table of Contents

Chapter One Introduction……………………................................1
Chapter Two Jung’s Analytical Psychology…………………......16
I. Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious…..18
II. The Psychic Growth of Individuation……...29
Chapter Three A Jungian Analysis of The Hundred Secret Senses...38
I. Olivia’s Spiritual Journey…………………40
II. Kwan’s Life in America…………………….52
Chapter Four Individuation: The Enlightenment Stage of Human Beings……………………………………………...66
I. Olivia……………………………………......68
II. Kwan………………………………………..78
Chapter Five Conclusion………………………………………....84
Notes…………………………………………………………………....94
Works Cited…………………………………………………………….95

Works Cited

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Feng, Gia-fu and Jane English. trans. Chuang Tsu Inner Chapters. Taipei: Caves, 1981. Print.
Hart, L. David. “The Classical Jungian School.” The Cambridge Companion to Jung 89-100. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997. Print.
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Hoeller A. Stephan. The Gnostic Jung and the Seven Sermons to the Dead. Illinois: Quest, 2009. Print.
Homans, Peter. Jung in Context. Chicago: The U of Chicago P, 1979. Print.
Hopcke, Robert H. A Guided Tour of the Collected Works of C. G. Jung. Boston: Shambhala, 1989. Print.
Jacobi, Jolande. Complex/Archetype/Symbol in the Psychology of C.G. Jung. New York: Princeton UP, 1959. Print.
Jaffé , Aniela. “Individuation.” Carl Gustav Jung: Critical Assessments 375-89. Ed. Renos K. Papadopoulos. New York: Routledge, 1992. Print.
Jung, C.G. Aion: Researches into the Phenomenology of the Self. 2nd ed. Eds. Herbert Read, Michael Fordham, and Gerhard Adler. Trans. R.F. C. Hull. London and Henley: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1978. Print.
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Messer, E. Richard. Jungian Literary Criticism. “Alchemy and Individuation in The Magus.” Ed. Richard P. Sugg. Illinois: Northwestern UP, 1992. Print.
See, Lisa. Snow Flower and the Secret Fan. London: Bloomsbury, 2005. Print.
Sheldrake, Rupert. The Presence of the Past : Morphic Resonance and Habits of Nature. New York: Random, 1989. Print.
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Harcourt Brace, 1962. Print.








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