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研究生:張柔婷
研究生(外文):Rou-ting Chang
論文名稱:生態永續性的可能:瑪格麗特‧愛德伍《末世男女》與《洪荒年代》的綠色左翼解讀
論文名稱(外文):The Possibility of Ecological Sustainability: A Green-Left's Reading on Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake and The Year of the Flood
指導教授:李翠玉李翠玉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsui-yu Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:英語學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:愛德伍末世男女洪荒年代綠色政治永續性生態關懷
外文關鍵詞:Margaret AtwoodOryx and CrakeThe Year of the Floodgreen political theorysustainabilityecological stewardship
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論文摘要:論文名稱:生態永續性的可能: 瑪格麗特‧愛德伍《末世男女》與《洪荒年代》的綠色左翼解讀
頁數:八十六頁
系所組別:國立高雄師範大學英語學系碩士班文學組
畢業時間與提要別:一百零一年度第二學期
指導教授:李翠玉博士
研究生:張柔婷

本論文試圖探究格麗特.愛特伍兩本小說《末世男女》《洪荒年代》所揭櫫的兩個當代環境議題:綠色左翼理論何以建構一個批判框架來批判現有的資本主義困境,並且強調人類與自然之間的永續性(sustainability)。申言之,吾人首先舖陳這兩本小說的近來研究。之後,此論文的焦點將轉移到左翼政治理論對資本主義的批判,以及強調維繫人類與自然之間的永續性。愛特伍兩本小說《末世男女》《洪荒年代》所引爆的是人類與自然之間災難的全新關注,並且描述了導致人類末日的生態危機。然而,其他批判者總是將焦點關注在災難世界的風景描述上,而筆者將著重於這些災難的原因,並試圖找出一條出路。第一章,筆者交替了本論文的主要立論、文獻回顧、理論框架。第二章,吾人援以左翼(馬克斯)批判者的觀點,以此來觸及導致人性危機之核心問題,同時,再度援引綠色生態的批判觀點,藉由喚醒人們的生態意識與實踐生態關懷(ecological stewardship),以期找到一條可能的出路。第三章,本篇章植基於紅色馬克斯的批判觀點與文本分析,揭示我們是如何失去與自然永續性的可能。第四章,以綠色生態的批判觀點,以及文本分析,以之來展示我們如何重新獲得自然永續性的可能性。第五章,也是本文的結論:從在這兩本小說當中似乎讓我們從資本主義的窘境到自然永續性之間,見證了一個關鍵的轉戾點:人們需陶冶自己的生態美德、身體力行,並且教育下一代要好好地當個稱職的生態公民。

Abstract
The present M.A. thesis probes the question of how both the green left political theory helps build a critical framework to critique the existing capitalist predicament and to reiterate the sustainability evoked from Margret Atwood’s Oryx and Crake and The Year of the Flood. In support of this contention, I will first briefly outline the current research devoted to both of Margret Atwood’s novels, then move on to the leftist’ critique of capitalism and to the ecological urgency of maintaining and sustaining Nature. Atwood’s Oryx and Crake and The Year of the Flood have, I want to argue, sparked a new concern for both the crisis of Nature and human nature. The two novels depict ecological crisis which lead human beings to the end. However, the most important and influential cause that leads to ecological crisis is the capitalistic ideology which has been internalized, and which potentially brings about the crisis of human nature. Unlike some critics whose focus on the landscape of catastrophic world, I contend that we have to focus on the causes of the crisis and to find a possible way out. In Chapter One, I discuss the main argument, literature review and theoretical framework of this thesis. In Chapter Two, I analyze the red/leftist critics in order to touch the core of the crisis of human nature which causes ecological crisis, and then, use green critics to find the possible way out through arousing ecological awareness and practicing ecological stewardship. In Chapter Three, a red examination will be made to exhibit how we lose the possibility of sustainability along with the textual analysis. In Chapter Four, a green examination will also be made to demonstrate how we regain the possibility of sustainability along with textual analysis. In Chapter Five, I make a tentative concluding remark for this thesis: the critical point to shift from the tragedy of capitalism to the comedy of sustainability in the two novels is to cultivate our ecological virtues, put them into action, and most importantly, educate children with such an awareness to be good ecological citizens. 

Table of Contents



Chapter One

Introduction • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 1

I. Novels in Context.................................................................................... 5

II. Scholarship on Margaret Atwood • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 6

III. Atwood’s relation with the Green and Red • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 13

IV. Thesis Organization • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 16




Chapter Two

The Predicament of Sustainability: Crisis and Creation of Nature • • • • • • • • • • • 18

I. Sustainability Lost: the Risk of Capitalism • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 19

A. Nature and Creatures Reduced to Capital • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 19

B. Technology Misused as an Instrument • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 25

C. Corruption of Human Nature and Exploitation of Nature • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 32

II. Sustainability Regained between Humans and Nature• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 34

A. Toward Ecological Virtues • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 39

B. Practice of Ecological Stewardship • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 43




Chapter Three

The Dystopian World: the Impossibility of Sustainability• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 49

I. Capitalist Ideology as a Cause of the Crisis of Nature • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 49

II. The Un-controllable of the Biotech • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 56




Chapter Four

The Possibility of Sustainability Regained • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 64

I. Ecological Virtues Evoked from God’s Gardener • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 66

II. Ecological Stewardship on Green Bible • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 72




Chapter Five

Conclusion • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 79




Works Cited • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 83

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