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研究生:蕭惟中
研究生(外文):Wei-chiung Shoau
論文名稱:不同訂正方式用於大學生英文作文之效益
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Different Error Treatments on College Students' English Writing Essays
指導教授:林世忠林世忠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shih-chung Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立屏東商業技術學院
系所名稱:應用英語系(所)
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:錯誤訂正方式寫作教學寫作表現文法錯誤
外文關鍵詞:error treatmentgrammatical errorswriting performancewriting instruction
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本研究旨在探討不同訂正學生英文作文方式之成效。研究過程中,透過多種訂正反饋的應用:只在錯誤句法下劃底線、劃底線與提示、直接給答案及使用簡短中文解釋幫助學生修正錯誤,並分析其結果。本研究中,九十七位英文主修的大一學生參與本實驗,並被分成四組、給予不同的訂正方法。研究完成後,研究者分析了各篇文章中使用句子的複雜度、使用動詞的形式、整體錯誤比率及多種文法類型的錯誤。實驗後,參與的學生以填寫問卷的方式表達他們對這四種作文訂正方式的看法。結果指出,間接訂正法比直接給學生答案:一、有較高的效益,二、更有助於學生在之後寫作的正確性,三、在多類文法型態中發現顯著不同。在問卷方面,學生們希望老師指出所有的錯誤、寫出提示、讓學生自己可以找出正確的寫法。
關鍵字:錯誤訂正方式,寫作教學,寫作表現,文法錯誤
Although many studies have dealt with different kinds of error corrections and the effects on student writing, a more appropriate way to give feedback is seldom found in previous research. The present study revealed a more effective way to correct students’ English writing essays through a series of practice on various kinds of error treatments: underlining only, underlining with hints, direct correction, and Chinese description only. Ninety two college freshmen majoring in applied English were recruited in the present study in their spring semesters in 2009 and 2010, and divided into four groups treated with different error treatments during the experiment. Then, a number of grammatical elements were analyzed: the complexity of sentences, verb forms, total error percentage, and errors in various grammatical categories. Afterwards, a questionnaire was used to elicit participants’ perceptions about the experiment. Findings were that the more indirect the error treatment was, the more progress students would have. It also uncovered that the Chinese description only helped students correct significantly more errors and further decrease error rates in their subsequent writing. Finally, in the questionnaire, the participants expected that the teachers could (a) point out all the errors, (b) provide hints next to the errors, and (c) allow themselves to make corrections. Pedagogical implications were discussed and some suggestions were provided in the present research.
Keywords: error treatment, writing instruction, writing performance, grammatical errors, preference and perception on error treatments
Abstract (Chinese) i
Abstract ii
Acknowledgements iii
Table of Contents iv
Figures vi
Tables vi
CHAPTER 1 1
Introduction 1
Background and Motivation 1
Problem Statement of the Present Study 4
Purpose of the Study 6
Research Questions 7
Significance of the Study 8
Definition of Terms 8
CHAPTER 2 10
Literature Review 10
Error Treatment and Revision on Writing 11
Error Categorization 13
Direct Correction vs. Indirect Correction 15
Related Studies 23
CHAPTER 3 28
Methodology 28
Patterns of the Error Treatments 28
Subjects 31
Instruments 33
Procedure 39
Data Analysis 41
CHAPTER 4 44
Results and Discussion 44
Overview 44
Effect on Sentence Types with Different Error Treatments
44
Effect on the Uses of Verb Forms with Different Error Treatments 47
Results of Error Percentage Among the Four Groups 49
The Effect of Error Treatments on the Improvement from
Pre- to Post-test 61
Results of the Questionnaire 63
Summary of Findings 65
CHAPTER 5 68
Conclusion 68
Conclusion 68
Pedagogical Implication 75
Suggestion for Future Studies 76
References 79
Appendix A: Student Response Questionnaire (Chinese) 85
Student Response Questionnaire 86
Appendix B: Error Categories and the Examples 88
Appendix C: Examples of the Four Error Treatments 90
Appendix D: Error Treatment Instruction for the First Essay
94
Appendix E: Example Essays for the First Essay 97
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