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研究生:盧毓婷
研究生(外文):Yu-ting Lu
論文名稱:屏東縣漁港有機錫分佈之研究
論文名稱(外文):Distribution of Organotin Compounds in the Fishing Ports of Pingtung County
指導教授:王維賢
指導教授(外文):Wei-Hsien Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:海洋生物科技暨資源學系研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:火焰光度偵測器氣相層析苯基錫丁基錫漁港
外文關鍵詞:Butyltinphenyltingas chromatographyflame photometric detectionfishing ports
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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  • 下載下載:7
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本研究係採集屏東地區十八個港口之水樣及表層沉積物,利用氣相層析配合火焰光度偵測器(GC-FPD)進行有機錫化合物含量之分析,以瞭解各港口有機錫污染的情況及汙染來源。
  各港口有機錫化合物濃度分布以丁基錫化合物為主,水樣中單丁基錫濃度介於3.9~51.6 ng/L as tin,二丁基錫濃度介於ND~15.2 ng/L as tin,三丁基錫濃度介於ND~23.9 ng/L as tin,單苯基錫濃度介於2.1~7.2 ng/L as tin;表層沉積物中單丁基錫濃度介於67.0~332 ng/g as tin,二丁基錫濃度介於17.6~325 ng/g as tin,三丁基錫濃度介於26.0~420 ng/g as tin,單苯基錫濃度為ND~43.7 ng/g as tin。
  研究結果發現,無論水樣或是沉積物,總有機錫濃度皆以東港、鹽埔、後壁湖三個測站較高,顯示各採樣點的有機錫含量和船隻數量及漁業活動量呈現高度的相關性,且水樣中有機錫化合物之分布與表層沉積物亦呈現一致性,少數港口之水樣及沉積物檢測出苯基錫污染,可能為鄰近聚落所排放的家庭廢水所致。
  本研究結果與其他國家大型港口相比濃度皆不高,而與國內相同港口相比,有機錫化合物濃度十年來已有明顯下降,由此可知在有關當局的嚴格控管之下有一定成效。
Samples including surface sediments and seawaters were collected from eighteen ports of Pingtung County. The objective of this study were to understand sources of organotin pollution and to monitor the organotin pollution of these fishing ports by analying with gas chromatography-flame photometric detection (GC-FPD).
 The results showed that butyltins were the major components of organotin pollution of the fishing ports investigated. The concentrations of MBT, DBT, TBT and MPT in seawaters varied between 3.9~51.6 ng/L as tin, ND~15.2 ng/L as tin, ND~23.9 ng/L as tin and 2.1~7.2 ng/L as tin. The concentrations of MBT, DBT, TBT and MPT in surface sediments varied between 67~332 ng/g as tin, 17.6~325 ng/g as tin, 26~420 ng/g as tin and ND~43.7 ng/g as tin.
 The contents of organotin compounds were relevant to the number of fishing craft and the frequency of fishery activities. Distribution of organotin compounds between seawaters and surface sediments in these fishing ports were correlational. Phenyltin was detected only in a few ports, probably due to the sewage discharge from the nearby villages.
The concentrations of organotin compounds observed in this study are lower than most of the reported values from foreign ports. In comparison with the previous studies in the same areas, organotin concentrations have dropped significantly. These observations are attributed to the effective control over the utilization of organotin compounds by the authorities.

論文審定書 i
謝誌 ii
中文摘要 iii
英文摘要 iv
目錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 viii
壹、前言 1
一、有機錫化合物之特性 1
二、有機錫化合物之用途及使用情形 1
三、汙染來源與環境影響 2
四、有機錫化合物之沉降、生物累積、降解及毒性 3
五、生物與人體暴露途徑與毒性影響 4
六、世界各國與國內對有機錫化合物之管制情形 5
七、研究目的 6
貳、實驗材料與實驗方法 22
一、藥品與試藥配製 22
(一)藥品與材料 22
(二)試劑水 23
(三)試藥配製方法 23
二、儀器設備與實驗器材 24
(一)儀器設備 24
(二)實驗器材 25
三、樣品採集 26
(一)採樣地點 26
(二)採樣時間 26
(三)採樣方法與樣品前處理 26
四、分析方法 27
(一)水樣中有機錫化合物之分析方法 27
(二)沉積物中有機錫化合物之分析方法 27
(三)檢量線製作 27
(四)方法偵測極限 28
(五)回收率 28
参、結果與討論 33
一、水文資料 33
二、有機錫分析 35
(一)層析圖譜 35
(二)檢量線製作 35
(三)數據處理 35
(四)方法偵測極限 36
(五)回收率 36
三、各測站有機錫分析結果 36
(一)水樣部分 36
(二)表層沉積物 38
四、國內外相關文獻比較 40
肆、結論 70
伍、參考文獻 71
1.資料來源:財政部關稅總局http://web.customs.gov.tw/statistic/statistic/yerstatistic.asp
2.資料來源:國立海洋科技博物館籌備處
http://ship.nmmst.gov.tw/portkind/portkind01.asp0
3.資料來源:行政院環保署
http://www.epa.gov.tw/
4.資料來源:經濟部水利署
http://www.wra.gov.tw/
5.資料來源:漁業署
http://www.fa.gov.tw/
6.臺灣地區地名查詢系統
http://placesearch.moi.gov.tw/index.php
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