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研究生:藍立群
研究生(外文):Lan Lin-Chyun
論文名稱:吸氣肌訓練介入對游泳選手運動表現之探討
論文名稱(外文):Effects of inspiratory muscle training on the time trial performance in youth elite swimmers
指導教授:郭堉圻郭堉圻引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuo Yu-Chi
口試委員:黃奕清鄭景峰
口試委員(外文):Huang Yi-ChingZheng Jing-feng
口試日期:2012-07-17
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北護理健康大學
系所名稱:運動保健研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動休閒及休閒管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:吸氣肌負荷
外文關鍵詞:inspiratory muscle training
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吸氣肌訓練介入對游泳選手運動表現之探討
摘要
本研究探討優秀游泳選手游泳訓練中吸氣肌訓練介入,對個人游泳成績的影響。方法:以18名台北市立某高中男生10名女生8名游泳選手為受試對象。所有受試者依照性別、同年齡、游泳成績分配成實驗組與控制組二組。實驗組和控制組分別以80% PImax、20% PImax負荷從事吸氣肌訓練,每日1次,每次30下,每週5天,連續6週之水中吸氣肌訓練。且在第4週進行最大呼吸肌肌力測試,作為調節吸氣肌訓練負荷的依據。本實驗流程共8週,實驗前1週包含實驗基礎測試練習、前測,另6週的吸氣肌訓練及後1週後測。資料統計以混合設計二因子變異數分析,考驗二次測驗,於不同時段所測得之肺功能、PImax和游泳成績及呼吸困難自覺等變項。並以t檢定,考驗不同強度訓練介入後心跳,血乳酸的變化情形。分析結果若有交互作用,則以單純主要效果來進行分析,若達顯著,再以LSD method 進行事後比較。實驗結果發現,實驗組經6週吸氣肌訓練介入後,最大吸氣肌力明顯高於前測(145.78±31.64 cmH2O vs. 116.89±29.08 cmH2O) (p<.05),在最大用力肺活量(FVC)及第一秒用力吐氣量(FEV1)方面,後測明顯高於前測(4.69±0.96 l vs. 4.07±0.90 l; 4.12±0.79 l vs. 3.76±0.84 l) (p<.05),第一秒用力吐氣量及用力肺活量的百分比率(FEV1/FVC%)前測明顯高於後測(92.54±3.92% vs. 87.37±7.29%)(p<.05);在運動表現上,50M游泳成績後測明顯低於前測(27.62 ±2.57秒 vs. 28.60±2.97秒),另100M方面後測成績明顯低於前測(60.14±4.64秒VS 61.45±4.64秒) (p<.05)。不同組別下,50M和100M心跳率在訓練介入前後變化值之差異比較,皆未達顯著差異(p>.05)。50M和100M血乳酸在訓練介入前後變化值之差異比較,皆未達顯著差異(p>.05),在呼吸困難自覺量表方面,在訓練介入前、後測,則無顯著差異(p>.05)。本研究結論,6週的80% PImax負荷訓練介入,有助於提升高中游泳選手的游泳成績表現。
關鍵詞:吸氣肌負荷、呼吸肌肌力、游泳

Effects of inspiratory muscle training on the time trial
performance in youth elite swimmers
ABSTRACT
This research aimed to investigate the effects of swimming and inspiratory muscle training intervention on swimmers’ performance. The subjects were 18 males and 10 females Taipei high school. All the subjects were grouped into experimental group and control group according to their gender, age and swimming performance. In the experimental group, the subjects received inspiratory muscle training of 80% PImax; the control group received 20% PImax once a day, 30 times once, five days a week for six consecutive weeks. Meanwhile, a test of maximal respiratory muscle strength was administered at the fourth week to modify the intensity. The experiment was of eight weeks’ duration. It included basic practice for the experiment and pre-test in the first week, six weeks of respiratory muscle training and post-test in the last week. The data was analyzed with Two-Way Mixed Design ANOVA to examine the variables such as pulmonary function, respiratory muscle strength, swimming performance and self awareness of breathlessness before and after the intervention, with t-test design to examine the variables such as heart rate, blood lactate level. The analysis results are interaction, while the simple main effects were analyzed, if significant, post hoc comparisons to LSD method. The results showed that after six weeks’ inspiratory muscle training intervention (1) the maximal inspiratory muscle strength in the post-test was superior to that in the pre-test (145.78±31.64 cmH2O vs. 116.89±29.08 cmH2O) (p<.05) (2) the FVC and FEV1 ratio in the post-test was significantly higher than that in the pre-test (4.69±0.96 l vs. 4.07±0.90 l;4.12±0.79 l vs. 3.76±0.84 l) (p<.05) (3) the FEV1/FVC% in the pre-test was significantly higher than that in the post-test (92.54±3.92% vs. 87.37±7.29 %) (p<.05) (4) the swimming performance in 50M post-test was better than the pre-test (27.62 ±2.57 sec. vs. 28.60±2.97 sec.) and in 100M as well (60.14±4.64 sec. vs. 61.45±4.64 sec.) (p<.05). (5) there was no significant difference in the aspect of the difference rate of heart beat of pre-test and post-test in 50M and 100M (p>.05). (6) there was no significant difference in the difference rate of the blood lactate level in the pre-test and post-test of 50M and 100M (p>.05). (7) there was no significant difference between selfawareness of breathlessness in the pre-test and post-test (p>.05). In conclusion, six consecutive weeks’ inspiratory muscle training had a beneficial effect on the performance of youth elite swimmers.

Keywords: inspiratory muscle training, blood lactate, swimmers

目 次
中文摘要 ………………………………………………………………………… i

英文摘要 ………………………………………………………………………… ii

目次 ………………………………………………………………………………iii

表次 ……………………………………………………………………………… v

圖次 ……………………………………………………………………………… vi

第一章 緒論
第一節 前言 …………………………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究目的 ……………………………………………………… 5
第三節 研究假設 ……………………………………………………… 5
第四節 研究範圍與限制 ……………………………………………… 5
第五節 名詞操作型定義 ……………………………………………… 5
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 游泳選手之特性 ……………………………………………… 6
第二節 呼吸肌功能與檢測方式 ……………………………………… 10
第三節 呼吸肌對運動表現之相關研究 ……………………………… 12
第四節 本章總結…………………………………………………… 15
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究對象 ……………………………………………………… 16
第二節 實驗設計 ……………………………………………………… 16
第三節 實驗時間與地點 ……………………………………………… 17
第四節 實驗流程圖 …………………………………………………… 18
第五節 實驗檢測處理 ………………………………………………… 19
第六節 實驗儀器與設備 ……………………………………………… 19
第七節 統計分析 ……………………………………………………… 22

第四章 研究結果
第一節 不同強度吸氣肌訓練對最大呼、吸氣壓力之影響 ………… 23
第二節 不同強度吸氣肌訓練對肺功能之影響 ……………………… 25
第三節 不同強度吸氣肌訓練對運動表現之影響 …………………… 27
第五章 討論與建議
第一節 討論 ……………………………………………………………… 35
第二節 結論與建議 …………………………………………………… 39
參考文獻
中文部分 ………………………………………………………………… 40
外文部分 ………………………………………………………………… 41
附錄
附錄一 統計分析摘要表……………………………………………… 47
附錄二 受試者同意書…………………………………………………… 57
附錄三 健康調查表……………………………………………………… 58
附錄四 呼吸自覺量表…………………………………………………… 59
附錄五 實驗記錄表…………………………………………………… 60








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