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研究生(外文):Wu Yu-Lan
指導教授(外文):Wu Hong-WenChang Yi-Wen
外文關鍵詞:Stability BallPhysical FitnessJump LandingAnterior Curciate Ligament Injury
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  Nowadays, there are three main types of core strength training: traditional strength training, progressive strength training and strength training using a stability ball. Strength training using a stability ball (Swiss ball) to improve core muscles has been a common method. However, the previous studies about training using Swiss ball only focused on specific action. Few of studies have discussed the effect of training program. According to the American College of Sport Medicine’s (ACSM) training guidelines, a training program should contain s set of trainings including cardiorespiratory endurance, muscle strength/muscle endurance and flexibility. Besides, anterior curciate ligament (ACL) injury which most often occurs during landing from jumping is a common lower limb injury. Previous researches have indicated that core muscle strength training for trunk stability could improve the parameter of biomechanics during landing. Also, the published researches about for muscle strength training only studied the effect traditional and progressive training. Few studies had discussed the training effect of strength training program using a Swiss ball. Purpose:(a) To study the training effect of three-month stability ball training program on the health-related fitness. (b) To estimate the training effects on the biomechanical parameters of jump landing. Methods:We designed a training program using Swiss ball according ACSM’s training guidelines, including cardiorespiratory endurance, muscle strength/muscle endurance and flexibility. The health-related physical fitness assessments and the biomechanical parameters of jump landing were recorded before and after training. Pair-t test was used to compare the difference of the parameters of physical fitness assessments and jump landing before and after training. Result:The results of health-related physical fitness assessments indicated that the VO2max, muscular endurance and flexibility have significantly improved after three-month stability ball training. The resulted showed that the flexion angles of trunk, hip and knee joint during jump landing were increased. Also, the knee external rotation and ankle plantar flexion angles during jump landing were decreased after training. Besides, both maximal jump height and take-off velocity were increased. Conclusion:There were significant training effects on the cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular endurance and flexibility and biomechanical parameters during jump landing related to the factor of the ACL injuries. The training program using a stability ball in this study is helpful to improve health-related physical fitness and to reduce the chance of ACL injury.
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