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研究生:呂宛真
研究生(外文):Wan Chen Lu
論文名稱:探究幼童類推能力發展之差異
論文名稱(外文):Investigation of the difference in the development of analogical reasoning for young children
指導教授:邱淑惠邱淑惠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shu Hui Chiu
口試委員:蔣姿儀郭碧唫
口試委員(外文):Zih Yi JiangPi Yin Kuo
口試日期:2012-07-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺中教育大學
系所名稱:幼兒教育學系碩士班
學門:教育學門
學類:學前教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:118
中文關鍵詞:幼童互動式類比測量類推能力類推策略
外文關鍵詞:young childrengyinteractive analog measurementanalogical reasoning abilityanalogical reasoning strategy
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本研究目的係探討4至7歲幼童類推能力發展之差異,共有三個探討方向:一、不同年齡層幼童類推能力上的差異表現;二、幼童答題時,面對誘導項選擇比例上的差異表現;三、幼童答題時,類推策略展現上的差異表現。
本研究邀請60位幼童依年齡分成4、5、6、7歲組各15人,男女約各半。研究工具採用能立即提供對錯回饋的『互動式類比測量工具』,除『正確類比』選項外,另有『直接相關』、『表面相似』、『相同種類』等三種誘導項。採對幼童進行一對一個別化施測並輔以質性問答記錄。
研究結果發現:一、幼童的類推能力與回饋訊息受益能力隨年齡上升;二、幼童答對時,有八成能說出組間關係;三、幼童答錯時,有七成著眼於組內關係,其中有高達七成五的比例是受『直接相關』誘導項所吸引。

This study investigates the difference in the development of analogical reasoning for young children ranging from 4 to 7 years old. Specifically, the aims are to explore the differences in (1) children’s analogical reasoning performances among 4-, 5-, 6-, 7- years old, (2) children’s error patterns, and (3) children’s self-explanations of their reasoning.
In this study, 60 children participated. For each age group, there were 15 children roughly half boys and half girls. The Interactive Analogy Measure (IAM) which providing correct/incorrect feedback immediately after responding was used to assess children’s analogical reasoning. In IAM, in addition to the right answer, distracters included items with related to problems in various aspect, including thematic, mere appearance, and category relations. Participants were tested under one-to-one condition.
Data indicated that (1) analogical reasoning performances and the effect of feedback increased with age, (2) when the children respond correctly, 80% of their self-explanation addressed the higher-order relations, and (3) when the children respond incorrectly, 75% of their self-explanation addressed the superficial relation of the theme related object.

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景及動機 1
第二節 研究目的與問題 5
第三節 名詞釋義 6
第四節 研究範圍與限制 8
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 類推能力的意涵 9
第二節 類推能力的理論 15
第三節 類推能力的測量工具 32
第四節 幼童類推能力發展的相關研究 43
第三章 研究方法 59
第一節 研究架構 59
第二節 研究對象 62
第三節 研究工具 63
第四節 研究流程 67
第五節 資料處理與分析 68
第四章 研究結果與討論 73
第一節 四到七歲幼童的類推能力表現 73
第二節 四到七歲幼童面對誘導選項的表現 79
第三節 四到七歲幼童的類推策略差異 85
第五章 結論與建議 93
第一節 結 論 93
第二節 建 議 97
參考文獻 99
中文部分 99
西文部分 101
附錄一:幼童參與類推研究意願調查表 107
附錄二:互動式類比測量之題目 109
附錄三:互動式類比測量題的單題答對人數計分表 112
附錄四:互動式類比測量題的單一題誘導項選擇人數統計表 114

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