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研究生:曲瑞瑩
研究生(外文):Chu Jui-Ying
論文名稱:我國大專校院研發能量、產學合作與智慧財產管理對創新績效影響之探討
論文名稱(外文):The Influence of Research Capacity, Industry-University Cooperation and Intellectual Property Management on the Innovation Performance of the Higher Education Institutions in Taiwan
指導教授:楊宜興楊宜興引用關係
指導教授(外文):Phil Y. Yang
口試委員:陳淑賢李家宗
口試日期:2012-07-04
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺中教育大學
系所名稱:事業經營碩士學位學程
學門:藝術學門
學類:應用藝術學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:108
中文關鍵詞:產學合作大學創新績效高等教育機構
外文關鍵詞:Industry-university cooperationUniversity innovation performanceHigher education institutions
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因應知識經濟趨勢,大學的功能與定位一再地被迫面對轉型,加上政府近年來對教育經費補助的縮減,學校為了生存與發展開始求新求變,逐漸形成了高等教育產業化的新趨勢,再加上政府大力推動產學合作,將大學研發能量與研發成果移轉成為產業界新技術與創新之來源,進而提升國家整體的競爭力。
本研究探討大專校院研發能量、產學合作與智慧財產管理單位對於創新績效之間的影響關係,經普查我國162所大專校院之智慧財產管理單位,問卷回收有效樣本共43份,本研究透過問卷調查與相關資料庫瞭解我國大專校院在2011年專利獲得數、智慧財產衍生收益與新創公司家數等創新績效之表現,並藉由迴歸分析來探討其影響關係。
研究結果發現大學研究經費投入越多,智慧財產衍生收益越好,但對於專利獲得數與新創公司家數不具正向影響效果,而大學研發人力對創新績效則皆不具影響力。產學合作關係對智慧財產衍生收益與新創公司家數具有正向的影響效果,但對於專利獲得數則不具有影響力。而大學校內的智慧財產管理單位規模不具有正向調節影響大學研發能量、產學合作關係對於創新績效之影響關係。此外學校所有權對於創新績效具有負向影響關係,顯示私立學校相較於國立學校在大學創新績效之表現更為積極。本研究管理意涵針對大學經營,建議應強化大學研發能量並結合產業需求以創造產業價值;持續培育各產業必備的技術人力與專業人才,讓大學成為產業人才支援的後盾;加速大學創新研發成果擴散與產業化以創造成更大的經濟效益。

A procedure is response to the trends of the knowledge economy, university forced to face the transition, gradually formed a new trend of industrialization of higher education. Government to positively promote industry-university cooperation, transfer of university research capacity and research achievements become a source of new technologies and innovation in the industry, and thus enhance the competitiveness of the country as a whole.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors of university innovation performance in the universities and colleges in Taiwan. This study differentiates the factors into 4 major elements, university research manpower, university research funding, industry-university cooperation and intellectual property management. University innovation performance is the dependent variable. This study builds four hypotheses according to the 4 major elements mentioned. The study had collected the data of 43 universities and colleges in Taiwan in 2011.
The results show that more research funding, the better intellectual property derived income. Otherwise, university research manpower has no effect with innovation performance. Industry-university cooperative for the patents’ number and start-ups has a positive effect, but for the intellectual property derived income has no effect. In addition, the size of the university of intellectual property management has no regulation affecting the university research capability and industry-university cooperation for innovation performance. School ownership has a negative impact on the relationship with innovation performance. The managerial implications of this study suggested that university research achievements in industry should be strengthened in order to create greater economic benefits.

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機與目的 6
第三節 研究流程 9
第二章 文獻探討 11
第一節 大學研發能量 11
一、大學創新 11
二、大學智慧資本 13
三、大學研發能量之投入 15
第二節 產學合作 18
一、產學合作法規與政策 18
二、產學合作意涵 22
三、產學合作之優勢與障礙 23
四、產學合作之合作方式 25
五、國內產學合作績效 27
第三節 大學智慧財產管理 29
一、大學智慧財產管理單位之運作 29
二、技術移轉中心 31
三、創新育成中心 34
第四節 大學創新績效 38
一、創新績效之種類 39
二、影響大學創新績效之因素 41
第五節 研究假說 44
一、大學研發人力與大學創新績效之關聯性 44
二、大學研究經費與大學創新績效之關聯性 44
三、產學合作關係與大學創新績效之關聯性 45
四、大學智慧財產管理單位與大學創新績效之關聯性 46
第三章 研究方法 47
第一節 研究架構 47
第二節 研究變數定義 48
第三節 研究設計 53
一、研究對象 53
二、資料蒐集 53
三、問卷設計 54
四、資料分析方法 55
第四章 研究結果 56
第一節 敘述性資料分析 56
第二節 模型分析 59
一、本研究問卷之信效度分析 60
二、本研究問卷之無反應偏差檢定 61
三、本研究問卷之共線性檢驗 61
四、本研究問卷之相關分析 61
第三節 實證結果 65
一、各變項與專利獲得數之迴歸分析 65
二、各變項與智慧財產衍生收益之迴歸分析 66
三、各變項與新創公司家數之迴歸分析 67
第四節 分析與討論 69
第五章 結論與建議 73
第一節 研究結論 73
第二節 研究貢獻與管理意涵 75
第三節 研究限制與建議 76
參考文獻 78
附錄 86
附錄一、100年全國大專校院學校名稱一覽表 86
附錄二、全國育成中心一覽表 88
附錄三、問卷 94

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