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研究生:江柏賢
研究生(外文):Jiang, Bo-Xian
論文名稱:石墨/環氧樹脂複合材料之機電性質研究
論文名稱(外文):Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Graphite/Epoxy Composites
指導教授:葉孟考葉孟考引用關係戴念華戴念華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yeh, Meng-KaoTai, Nyan-Hwa
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:動力機械工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:136
中文關鍵詞:天然石墨膨脹石墨環氧樹脂碳纖維布機械性質雙極板
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
環氧樹脂、酚醛樹脂等高分子材料為複合材料常用之基材,但電熱與機械性質不佳,通常得加入補強材料改善之。石墨具有耐高溫、良好之機械性質、及優越之導電性與導熱性等物理性質,比起奈米碳管而言價格更為低廉、也更容易製備。本研究主要使用環氧樹脂和20 μm天然石墨以及膨脹石墨製備天然石墨/環氧樹脂複合材料以及膨脹石墨/環氧樹脂複合材料,並將8層碳纖維加入25 wt%之天然石墨/環氧樹脂製備碳纖維複合材料。改變20 μm天然石墨或膨脹石墨比例,探討20 μm天然石墨或膨脹石墨含量對整體複合材料之機械性質與導電性質之影響,並且利用修正型哈賓-蔡(Halpin-Tsai)方程式嵌合楊氏係數與20 μm天然石墨體積百分比的關係。由實驗結果可知,40 wt%的20 μm天然石墨/環氧樹脂複合材料,在機械性質方面,楊氏係數提升成201.11倍、撓曲模數提升成270.14倍,但拉伸強度降低21.36 %、撓曲強度降低34.65 %。在導電性質方面,體積電阻率從3.14×107 Ω-cm下降至2.57×101 Ω-cm,降低了99.99%;20 wt%膨脹石墨/環氧樹脂複合材料,在機械性質方面,楊氏係數提升成105.07倍、撓曲模數提升成150.91倍,但拉伸強度降低23.88%、撓曲強度降低31.74 %。在導電性質方面,體積電阻率從3.14×107 Ω-cm下降至2.72×103 Ω-cm,降低了99.99%。而8層碳纖維加入25 wt%之天然石墨/環氧樹脂複合材料在機械強度、體積電阻率、氣體滲透度、密度皆符合美國能源局2015年所規範之雙極板標準。在分析方面,建立三維模型,以有限單元套裝軟體ANSYS分析模擬天然石墨/環氧樹脂之等效楊氏係數。
Mechanical stength, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity of matrix used in polymeric composite materials are not so good. Graphite with good mechanical properties, low electrical resistivity, high temperature resistance is cheaper than carbon nanotubes. This study used epoxy, 20 μm natural graphite, expanded graphite, and carbon fiber to fabricate natural graphite/epoxy and expanded graphite/ epoxy composites and carbon fiber/natural graphite/epoxy composites. Different percentages, (0, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40 wt%) of natural graphite and (0, 10, 15, 20 wt%) of expanded graphite in composites, was assessed to discuss the effect on their mechanical and electric properties. Modified Halpin–Tsai equation was used to fit the Young’s modulus and flexural modulus of the natural graphite/epoxy composites by adopting an orientation factor and an exponential shape factor in the equation. The results of 40 wt% natural graphite/epoxy composites showed that the Young’s modulus increased 201.11%, the flexural modulus increased 270.14%, the tensile strength decreased 21.36%, the flexural strength decreased 34.65%, the volume resistance decreased 99.99%. The results of 20 wt% expanded graphite/epoxy composites showed that the Young’s modulus increased 105.07%, the flexural modulus increased 150.91%, the tensile strength decreased 23.88%, the flexural strength decreased 31.74%, the volume resistance decreased 99.99%. And results of carbon fiber/natural graphite/epoxy composites’ properties satisfied the bipolar plates 2017 targets of US Department of Energy. In addition, the Young’s modulus of natural graphite/epoxy composites were also analyzed using the finite element software ANSYS.
摘  要 i
Abstract ii
誌  謝 iii
內文目錄 iv
圖表目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1. 研究動機 2
1.2. 文獻回顧 3
1.2.1. 石墨簡介 3
1.2.2. 環氧樹脂簡介 5
1.3. 研究主題 7
第二章 實驗方法與步驟 9
2.1. 實驗儀器 9
2.1.1. 磁力攪拌機 9
2.1.2. 超音波震動器 9
2.1.3. 真空烘箱與真空幫浦 10
2.1.4. 熱風循環烤箱 10
2.1.5. 熱壓機 10
2.1.6. 拉伸試驗機 11
2.1.7. 電子天秤 11
2.1.8. 微波爐 11
2.1.9. 場發射掃描式電子顯微鏡 12
2.1.10. 鑽石切割機 12
2.1.11. 四點探針電阻量測儀 12
2.1.12. 直流攪拌機 13
2.1.13. 氣體滲透率測試儀 13
2.2. 複合材料組成原料 13
2.2.1. 環氧樹脂 13
2.2.2. 天然石墨 13
2.2.3. 膨脹石墨 14
2.2.4. 碳纖維布 14
2.3. 試片製作 14
2.3.1. 複合材料前處理 14
2.3.2. 複合材料熱壓硬化 16
2.3.3. 混合碳纖維布之複合材料 17
2.4. 複合材料後硬化製程 19
2.4.1. 複合材料微波加熱後硬化 19
2.4.2. 複合材料高溫後硬化 21
2.5. 體積電阻量測 21
2.6. 機械性質量測 22
2.6.1. 拉伸試驗 23
2.6.2. 撓曲試驗 23
2.7. 試片微結構觀察 24
2.8. 密度與開放性孔隙度量測 25
2.8.1. 密度量測 25
2.8.2. 開放性孔隙度量測 25
2.9. 氣體滲透率測定 26
第三章 有限單元與數據分析 27
3.1. 有限單元分析 27
3.2. ASTM測試規範 31
3.3. 數據分析 31
3.3.1. 數據平均值 31
3.3.2. 數據標準差 32
3.3.3. Chauvenet’s準則 32
3.3.4. 最小平方法 33
3.4. Halpin-Tsai方程式 34
第四章 結果與討論 38
4.1. 複合材料拉伸測試結果 38
4.2. 複合材料撓曲測試結果 45
4.3. 複合材料導電性質測試結果 49
4.4. 複合材料後硬化處理結果 50
4.4.1. 微波加熱後硬化 50
4.4.2. 高溫後硬化 54
4.4.3. 改變熱壓製程時間 55
4.4.4. 後硬化之最佳參數 56
4.5. 複合材料表面形貌 56
4.6. 複合材料密度與孔隙度 58
4.7. 複合材料添加碳纖維布 59
4.8. 複合材料之氣體滲透度 62
4.9. ANSYS模擬與數據分析 62
第五章 結論 64
參考文獻 67
圖  表 75

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