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研究生:張清雲
研究生(外文):Chin-Yun Chang
論文名稱:多重品質特性最適配比設計與辨識能力評估模型建構之研究
論文名稱(外文):Establishing the Optimal Mixture Design and Identification Ability Assessment Model for Multi-Quality Characteristics
指導教授:黃然黃然引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ran Huang
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:材料工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:144
中文關鍵詞:田口法灰關聯分析多重品質特性辨識能力評估再生粒料混凝土
外文關鍵詞:Taguchi methodGrey relational analysisMulti-quality characteristicsIdentification ability assessmentRecycled aggregate concrete
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  • 被引用被引用:3
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  • 下載下載:29
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一般的情況下,材料品質應透過多面向的描述,才能完整表達其特性。因此,多重品質特性問題是材料配比設計時必須探討的重點。本研究以田口法與灰關聯分析法為基礎,發展多重品質特性條件下的最適配比設計模型。透過灰關聯分析法,將多重品質特性的表現轉換成綜合指標,再藉由田口法的運算,求得最適配比與各控制因子或交互作用的影響程度。
在演算法改良方面,本研究結合廣義灰關聯生成法,克服傳統灰關聯生成法在空間映射產生時所產生的線性關係扭曲,導致灰關聯度排序誤差的問題。此外,考量到實驗的效率性,本研究發展品質特性辨識能力的評估模型,篩除無法有效辨識標準配比間差異的品質特性。
本研究採用再生粒料混凝土配比設計為例,以工作性、安全性、耐久性三個構面共十一項指標做為品質特性,以水灰比、再生粗粒料體積比、天然砂替代量、紅磚含量及粒料清潔度為五個控制因子,利用直交表組成標準配比進行實驗。首先探討考量各別品質特性下的最適配比,結果顯示不同品質特性要求下會產生不同的最適配比,但配比間存有相互矛盾的現象。因此,利用本研究所提出的模型,綜合考量多重品質特性,可以得到再生粒料混凝土的最適配比。此外,透過品質特性辨識能力的評估,將較不具辨識能力的超音波因子篩除,再進行多重品質特性最適配比設計。結果顯示,篩除超音波因子的最適配比、顯著控制因子、貢獻度等結果,與未篩除超音波波速的結果一致,顯示篩除超音波波速後的多重品質特性具有可靠性。
In practice, the quality of material ought to be described by various aspects to represent the comprehensive characteristics. Therefore, the multi quality characteristics problems should be overcome in the optimal mixture design. This study adopts Taguchi method and grey relational analysis to develop an optimal mixture design model with multi quality characteristics. The multi quality characteristics can be transformed in an integrated index via grey relational analysis. After that, the optimal mixture and the effects of each control factor or interactions can be obtained via Taguchi method.
In the improvement of algorithm, this study integrates the generalized grey relational generating to overcome the problem of linear relationship distorted after mapping by traditional grey relational generating, which this problem may cause the priority mistake of grey relational grades. Besides, to consider the efficiency of experiment, this study also develop the identification ability assessment model for quality characteristics in order to detect the quality characteristics which can not effectively distingulish the differences between standard mixtures for saving the experiment time and cost.
In the application, this study uses the proposed model to determine the optimal mixture of recycled aggregate concrete. Eeleven quality characteristics of slump, slump-flow, resistivity (7-day, 14-day, 28-day), ultrasonic pulse velocity (7-day, 14-day, 28-day), and compressive strength (7-day, 14-day, 28-day) are considered. On the other hand, five two-level control factors including water/cement ratio, volume ratio of recycled coarse aggregate, replacement of river sand, content of crushed brick, and cleanliness are also employed. Experiment tests are arranged via orthogonal array. Results show that the optimal mixture of recycled aggregate concrete is water cement ratio of 0.5, volume ratio of recycled coarse aggregate of 42.0%, 100% replacement of river sand, 0% crushed brick, and water-washed aggregate. Owing to ultrasonic pulse velocities (7-day, 14-day, 28-day) being identified as inefficient quality characteristics, the reduced quality characteristics of slump, slump flow, resistivity (7-day, 14-day, 28-day), and compressive strength (7-day, 14-day, 28-day) are discussed in this study and compared with the results of the full quality characteristics design. Results show that the mixture assessed from the reduced quality characteristics design is the same as that of the full quality characteristics design, and also demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model.
誌謝 I
摘要 III
Abstract V
表目錄 X
圖目錄 XIV
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究目的 3
1.3 研究方法與流程 3
1.4 論文架構 4
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2.1 田口法 7
2.1.1 穩健參數設計 7
2.1.2 直交表 10
2.1.3 信號雜音比 13
2.1.4 貢獻度 17
2.1.5 田口法執行步驟 19
2.2 灰關聯分析法 20
第三章 多重品質特性最適配比評估模型建構 25
3.1 基本架構 25
3.2 執行步驟 30
第四章 再生粒料混凝土最適配比評估應用 34
4.1 再生粒料混凝土 34
4.1.1 再生粒料工程性質探討 35
4.1.2 再生混凝土工程性質探討 38
4.2 實驗規劃 40
4.2.1 再生粒料混凝土的品質特性 40
4.2.2 再生粒料混凝土的控制因子 41
4.2.3 再生粒料混凝土的干擾因子 43
4.2.4 直交表的配置 44
4.2.5 試驗配比 44
4.2.6 實驗材料與相關性質 46
4.2.7 實驗設備 49
4.3 實驗結果分析與討論 53
4.3.1 坍度 53
4.3.2 坍流度 57
4.3.3 抗壓強度(7天) 61
4.3.4 抗壓強度(14天) 65
4.3.5 抗壓強度(28天) 69
4.3.6 電阻值(7天) 73
4.3.7 電阻值(14天) 77
4.3.8 電阻值(28天) 81
4.3.9 超音波波速(7天) 85
4.3.10 超音波波速(14天) 89
4.3.11 超音波波速(28天) 93
4.3.12 多重品質特性最適配比評估 97
4.3.13 縮減模型 110
第五章 結論與建議 118
5.1 結論 118
5.2 建議 119
參考文獻 121
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