(3.226.72.118) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/12 07:35
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

: 
twitterline
研究生:莊雅筑
研究生(外文):Ya-Chu Chuang
論文名稱:臺灣產海洋性紅藻與那國藻屬(海膜藻科,紅藻門)分子親源關係與藻種多樣性探討
論文名稱(外文):Molecular phylogeny and species diversity of the marine red algal genus Yonagunia (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) from Taiwan
指導教授:林綉美林綉美引用關係
指導教授(外文):Showe-Mei Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:海洋生物研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:171
中文關鍵詞:臺灣與那國藻屬海膜藻科紅藻門分子親源關係藻種多樣性
外文關鍵詞:TaiwanYonaguniaHalymeniaceaeRhodophytamolecular phylogenyspecies diversity
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:268
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:10
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
臺灣過去對於海膜藻科與那國藻屬的研究多為海藻相調查。劉(2006)雖曾探討過臺灣產海膜藻科與那國藻屬的分類問題,但其偏重分子序列分析。因此,在此研究中,我以臺灣產海膜藻科與那國藻屬為研究對象,透過分子序列分析與形態觀察,來探討與那國藻屬和蜈蚣藻屬內藻種的親源關係並釐清輔助細胞基團絲的發育模式,以期增進對臺灣產與那國藻屬的藻種多樣性和分佈的了解。
RbcL序列分析結果顯示臺灣產與那國藻屬有八個不同的分化群(=藻種),其中有六種是世界新種(盾葉與那國藻、東方與那國藻、羽葉與那國藻、北方與那國藻、細葉與那國藻以及大葉與那國藻)。由於藻體外觀的相似,這六種在野外易被誤認為是已知的藻種,但若輔以內部營養結構特徵以及rbcL序列分析來進行比較,則可成功的區分這些藻種。
與那國藻屬的八個藻種依據外觀形態及分子親源關係探討發現:1)薄葉與那國藻和盾葉與那國藻於分子親源關係上互為姐妹種,但其外觀形態有明顯的差異。薄葉與那國藻的葉片為不規則二叉分枝且其葉片上半部會扭曲呈大花穗狀,而盾葉與那國藻的葉片偏羽狀分枝且呈盾狀。2)雖然東方與那國藻、臺灣與那國藻和大葉與那國藻彼此間的分子親源關係並不明顯,但此三種的藻體葉片皆具有不規則二叉分枝。東方與那國藻具匍匐生長的藻體且葉片分枝數最多,其藻體具濃密的葉片分枝。另一方面,臺灣與那國藻的葉片長且厚,分枝的間距較寬且葉片邊緣平整,其藻體具疏鬆的葉片分枝。大葉與那國藻可和其他二種區分開的特徵為具有較長的葉柄,葉片分枝數少、分枝寬度差異大且葉片邊緣不平整。3)羽葉與那國藻、北方與那國藻和細葉與那國藻於分子親源關係上互為姊妹種,而且具有相似的藻體外觀─羽狀分枝和長而明顯的葉片中肋。其中,北方與那國藻的藻體呈花穗狀,葉片最長且分枝寬而稀疏。另一方面,細葉與那國藻的葉柄最長,葉片末端細而尖銳,而羽葉與那國藻的葉片分枝雖密卻整齊規律。
另外在與那國藻屬囊果胚胎發育方面的觀察發現薄葉與那國藻、盾葉與那國藻以及北方與那國藻的輔助細胞基團只具有二條基團絲,且其形成方式與Lin et al.(2008)所描述有關東方蜈蚣藻的輔助細胞基團發育模式較為相像,但與Kawaguchi et al.(2004)所認為的與那國藻屬具有三至四條基團絲的輔助細胞基團有許多相異之處。Kawaguchi et al. 提出的與那國藻屬分類特徵也需要稍微修正,即與那國藻屬的輔助細胞接受由連接絲傳送過來的合子細胞核時,多數的基團絲細胞立即開始向兩側進行一至四回縱向細胞分裂產生絲狀或圓形細胞,但不一定會形成多串葡萄狀細胞群。
本研究在與那國藻屬姐妹屬─蜈蚣藻屬複合群的研究上,亦加入LSU來進一步探討“鋸齒藻屬”分化群和蜈蚣藻屬分化群的關係。RbcL與LSU序列合併的分析結果顯示“鋸齒藻屬”分化群與蜈蚣藻屬分化群的支持度皆有提高,而蜈蚣藻屬形成的單系群也得到較高支持度。因此,本研究的結果得出rbcL序列分析適用於屬內種間的親源關係分析,而以rbcL與LSU序列合併的分析,可較完滿解決蜈蚣藻屬複合群的系統分類問題。
The previous studies on the taxonomy of Yonagunia from Taiwan were mainly focused on the marine flora investigation. Liu (2006) had discussed the taxonomic problem of Yonagunia from Taiwan, but her study results were largely relying on rbcL sequence analyses. In this study I focused the genus Yonagunia from Taiwan to infer the phylogenetic relationships between Yonagunia and Grateloupia and to clarify the development of auxiliary cell ampullar filaments by molecular analyses and morphological observation to improve the species diversity and distribution of Yonagunia from Taiwan.
In this study, rbcL sequence analysis showed that there are eight species of Yonagunia present in Taiwan and its neighboring islands. Among the eight species, six are new species (Y. peltata sp. nov., Y. orientalis sp. nov., Y. pinnata sp. nov., Y. borealis sp. nov., Y. minima sp. nov. and Y. maxima sp. nov.). The new six species were normally placed under the species of Y. formosana or “Carpopeltis maillardii” due to their similar gross morphologies.
Among the eight species of Yonagunia identified in this study, they can be separated based on morphology of habit and molecular phylogeny. Y. tenuifolia and Y. peltata are sister clades (= species). Y. tenuifolia has irregularly dichotomous branched blades and the upper parts of blades are often strongly twisted, whereas Y. peltata has pinnate branched blades presenting as a shield. Although Y. orientalis, Y. formosana and Y. maxima have irregularly dichotomous branched blades, the thalli of Y. orientalis are creeping and have dense branched blades. The thalli of Y. formosana possess long and loose branched, thick blades, whereas those of Y. maxima are with the longest stipe and their branches have the great width. Y. pinnata, Y. borealis and Y. minima are closely related sister groups and share similar habits, i.e. pinnate branched blades with thickened rib. The thalli of Y. borealis possess long and wide loose branches, whereas those of Y. minima have the longest rib and the distal ends of branched blades are thin and tapering. On the other hand, the thalli of Y. pinnata possess dense but regular branched bladelets.
In this study, I found the auxiliary cell ampullae of Y. tenuifolia, Y. peltata and Y. borealis are composed of only two orders of unbranched ampullar filaments. Their development pattern is similar with Grateloupia orientalis what Lin et al. (2008) described, but is different with what Kawaguchi et al. (2004) described that auxiliary cell ampullae contain three to four orders of ampullar filaments. I also found that, after diploidization, most cells of ampullar filament divided laterally one to four times to produce filamentous or globular cells, but the newly formed filaments did not form grape-like, cellular clusters.
In this study, I also conducted a combination of rbcL and LSU sequence analysis for resolving the taxonomic problem of the Yonagunia/Grateloupia/Prionitis complex. The rbcL + LSU sequence analysis showed that “Prionitis” clade and Grateloupia clade received stronger supports than those derived from either rbcL sequence analysis or LSU sequence analysis along. The genus Grateloupia is shown to be monophyletic and received a strong support. In conclusion, rbcL sequence analysis is suitable for delineating the interspecific phylogenetic analysis within a genus, whereas a combination of rbcL and LSU sequence analysis resolved the generic relationships of the Yonagunia/Grateloupia/Prionitis complex better and is suitable for inferring the intergeneric relationships.
謝辭.......................................................i
中文摘要..................................................ii
英文摘要...................................................v
表目錄...................................................xii
圖目錄..................................................xiii
第一章、前言...............................................1
一、海膜藻科分類研究史及分類特徵...........................1
1.1海膜藻科分類研究史......................................1
1.2海膜藻科生活史及相關形態發育............................9
1.2.1海膜藻科生活史........................................9
1.2.2海膜藻科相關形態發育.................................12
1.3海膜藻科分類特徵.......................................13
二、臺灣海膜藻科分類研究史及分類問題......................14
1.1臺灣海膜藻科分類研究...................................14
1.2臺灣海膜藻科待解決之分類問題...........................17
三、研究動機及目的........................................18
第二章、材料及方法........................................22
2.1 藻種採集與保存........................................22
2.1.1 蠟葉標本製作流程....................................25
2.2 分子序列分析方法......................................25
2.2.1 去氧核醣核酸萃取(DNA Extraction)..................25
2.2.2 基因擴增(Gene Amplification):聚合酶連鎖反應(Polymerase Chain Reaction;PCR)........................27
2.2.3定序反應及基因定序(Sequencing Reaction and Gene Sequencing)..............................................28
2.2.4 親源關係分析(Phylogenetic Analysis)...............29
2.2.5 海膜藻科rbcL和LSU序列間變異分析.....................30
2.3 形態觀察..............................................31
2.3.1 染劑配製............................................31
2.3.2 切片染色方法........................................32
第三章、結果..............................................34
3.1海膜藻科與那國藻屬與相關藻屬之分子序列分析.............34
3.1.1 RbcL序列分析........................................34
3.1.1.1親源關係分析.......................................34
3.1.1.2 海膜藻科與那國藻屬與相關藻屬之rbcL序列間變異分析..39
3.1.2 LSU序列分析.........................................40
3.1.2.1親源關係分析.......................................40
3.1.2.2海膜藻科與那國藻屬與相關藻屬之LSU序列間變異分析....43
3.1.3 RbcL + LSU序列之親源關係分析........................44
3.2形態觀察...............................................53
3.2.1 Yonagunia tenuifolia Kawaguchi et Masuda(薄葉與那國藻)......................................................55
3.2.2 Yonagunia peltata Y.-C. Chuang et S.-M. Lin sp. nov.(盾葉與那國藻)..........................................64
3.2.3 Yonagunia orientalis Y.-C. Chuang et S.-M. Lin sp. nov.(東方與那國藻)......................................73
3.2.4 Yonagunia formosana (Okamura) Kawaguchi et Masuda(臺灣與那國藻)..............................................82
3.2.5 Yonagunia pinnata Y.-C. Chuang et S.-M. Lin sp. nov.(羽葉與那國藻)..........................................92
3.2.6 Yonagunia borealis Y.-C. Chuang et S.-M. Lin sp. nov.(北方與那國藻).........................................101
3.2.7 Yonagunia minima Y.-C. Chuang et S.-M. Lin sp. nov.(細葉與那國藻).........................................110
3.2.8 Yonagunia maxima Y.-C. Chuang et S.-M. Lin sp. nov.(大葉與那國藻).........................................119
第四章、討論與結論.......................................128
第五章、參考文獻.........................................135
Agardh, J. G. 1851. Species genera et ordines algarum... Lund. 2:i-xii + 1-351.
Agardh, J. G. 1876. Species genera et ordines algarum... Epicrisis systematis floridearum. Leipzig. 3:i-vii + 1-724.
Ariga, K. 1920. Taiwan oyobi Amonsan kaiso hikaku. [ A comparison of the marine algae of Taiwan and Amoy]. Transactions of the Natural History Society of Taiwan, 10:54-63.
Bory, J. B. 1828. Botanique, Cryptogamie. p. 1-300. In L. I. Duperrey [ed.], Voyage autour du monde, exécuté par ordre du Roi, sur la corvette de Sa Majesté, la Coquille, pendant les années, Paris.
Chase, M. W., and H. G. Hills. 1991. Silica gel: An ideal material for field preservation of leaf samples for DNA studies. Taxon 40:215-220.
Chiang, Y. M. 1962. Marine algae of Northern Taiwan (Rhodophyta). Taiwania 8:143-165.
Chiang, Y.-M. 1970. Morphological studies of red algae of the family Cryptonemiaceae. 58:1-95. Univ. Calif.
Chiang, Y. M. 1973. Notes on marine algae of Taiwan. Taiwania 18:13-17.
De Clerck, O., B. Gavio, S. Fredericq, E. Cocquyt, and E. Coppejans. 2005a. Systematic reassessment of the red algal genus Phyllymenia (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta). Eur. J. Phycol. 40:169-178.
De Clerck, O., B. Gavio, S. Fredericq, I. Barbara, and E. Coppejans. 2005b. Systematics of Gratelupia filicina (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta), based on rbcL sequence analyses and morphological evidence, including the reinstatement of G. minima and the description of G. capensis sp. nov. J. Phycol. 41:391-410.
De Toni, G. B. 1895. Phyceae japonicae hovae addita enumeratione algarum in ditione maritima japoniae hucusque collectarum: Alghe marine del Giappone ed isole ad esso appartenenti con illustrazione de alcune specie nuove (con 2 tavole). Memorie del Real Istituto Veneto di Sciienze, Letere ed Arti. 25(5);1-78, plates 1, 2.
De Toni, G. B. 1905. Sylloge algarum omnium hucusque cognitarum. Volume 4, section 4: Sylloge Floridearum...Pages [V] + 1523-1973. Padova: typis seminarii.
Fan, K. C. 1953. A list of edible sea-weeds in Taiwan. Taiwan Fisheries Research Institute, Hydrobiology Report. 5/6:1-11.
Faye, E. T., H. W. Wang, S. Kawaguchi, S. Shimada, and M. Masuda. 2004. Reinstatement of Grateloupia subpectinata (Rhodophyta, Halymeniaceae) based on morphology and rbcL sequences. Phycol. Res. 52:59-68.
Figueroa, F. L., N. Korbee, O. De Clerck, I. Barbara, and E. A. R. Gall. 2007. Characterization of Grateloupia lanceola (Halymeniales, Rhodophyta), an obscure foliose Grateloupia from the Iberian Peninsula, based on morphology, comparative sequence analysis and mycosporine-like amino acid composition. Eur. J. Phycol. 42:231-242.
Freshwater, D. W., and J. Rueness. 1994. Phylogenetic relationships of some European Gelidium (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) species, based on rbcL nucleotide sequence analysis. Phycologia 33:187-194.
Freshwater, D. W., S. Fredericq, B. S. Butler, M. H. Hommersand, and M. W. Chase. 1994. A gene phylogeny of the red algae (Rhodophyta) based on plastid rbcL. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 91:7281-7285.
Freshwater, D. W., S. Fredericq, and J. C. Bailey. 1999. Characteristics and utility of nuclear-encoded large-subunit ribosomal gene sequences in phylogenetic studies of red algae. Phycol. Res. 47:33-38.
Gabrielson, P. W. 2008. On the absence of previously reported Japanese and Peruvian species of Prionitis (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) in the northeast Pacific. Phycol. Res. 56:105-114.
Gall, L. L., and Gary W. Saunders. 2007. A nuclear phylogeny of the Florideophyceae (Rhodophyta) inferred from combined EF2, small subunit and large subunit ribosomal DNA: Establishing the new red algal subclass Corallinophycidae. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 43:1118-1130.
Gavio, B., and S. Fredericq. 2002. Grateloupia turuturu (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) is the correct name of the non-native species in the Atlantic known as Grtaeloupia doryphora. Eur. J. Phycol. 37:349-359.
Gavio, B., E. Hickerson, and S. Fredericq. 2005. Platoma chrysymenioides sp. nov. (Schizymeniaceae), and Sebdenia integra sp. nov. (Sebdeniaceae), two new red algal species from the Northwestern Gulf of Mexico, with a phylogenetic assessment of the Cryptonemiales complex (Rhodophyta). G. Mexi. Sci. 1:38-57.
Guiry, M. D. 1978. Notes on some Family names of Florideophyceae (Rhodophyta). Taxon 27:191-195.
Harper, J. T., and G. W. Saunders. 2001a. The application of sequences of the ribosomal cistron to the systematics and classification of the Rhodophyta. Cah. Biol. Mar. 42:25-38.
Harper, J. T., and G. W. Saunders. 2001b. Molecular systematics of the Florideophyceae (Rhodophyta) using nuclear large and small subunit rDNA sequence data. J. Phycol. 37:1073-1082.
Harvey, W. H. 1849. A manual of the British marine algae...2nd ed. London. iii + 252 pp., 27 pls.
Heydrich, F. 1894. Bietrage zur kenntniss der Algenflora von Ost-Asien besonders der Insel Formosa, Mollukken und Liukiu-Inseln. Hedwigia. 33:267-306, 2 plates.
Hommersand, M. H., S. Fredericq, and D. W. Freshwater. 1994. Phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of the Gigartinaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) based on sequence analysis of rbcL. Bot. Mar. 37:193-203.
Hommersand, M. H., G. L. Leister, M. E. Ramirez, R. W. Gabrielson, and W. A. Nelson. 2010. A morphological and phylogenetic surdy of Glaphyrosiphon gen. nov. (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) based on Grateloupia intestinalis with descriptions of two new species: Glaphyrosiphon lindaueri from New Zealand and Glapyrosiphon chilensis from Chile. Phycologia 49:554-573.
Hooker, J. D., and W. H. Harvey. 1847. Algae Tasmanicae. J. Bot. 6:397-416.
Huisman, J. M., O. De Clerck, W. F. P. van Reine, and M. A. Borowitzka. 2011. Spongophloea, a new genus of red algae based on Thamnoclonium sect. Nematophorae Weber-van Bosse (Halymeniales). Eur. J. Phycol. 46:1-15.
Kawaguchi, S. 1997. Taxonomic notes on the Halymeniaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from Japan. III. Synonymization of Pachymeniopsis Yamada in Kawabata with Grateloupia C. Agardh. Phycol. Res. 45:9-21.
Kawaguchi, S., H. W. Wang, T. Horiguchi, G. Sartoni, and M. Masuda. 2001. A comparative study of the red alga Grateloupia filicina (Halymeniaceae) from the Northwestern Pacific and Mediterranean with the description of Grateloupia asiatica, sp. nov. J. Phycol. 37:433-442.
Kawaguchi, S., H.-W. Wang, T. Horiguchi, J. A. Lewis, and M. Masuda. 2002. Rejection of Sinkoraena and transfer of some species of Carpopeltis and Sinkoraena to Polyopes (Rhodophyta, Halymeniaceae). Phycologia 41:619-635.
Kawaguchi, S., S. Shimada, H. W. Wang, and M. Masuda. 2004. The new genus Yonagunia Kawaguchi et Masuda (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta), based on Y. tenuifolia Kawaguchi et Masuda sp. nov. from southern Japan and including Y. formosana (Okamura) Kwawguchi et Masuda comb. nov. from southeast Asia. J. Phycol. 40:180-192.
Kraft, G. T., and P. A. Robins. 1985. Is the Order Cryptonemiales (Rhodophyta) defensible? Phycologia 24:67-77.
Kylin, H. 1923. Studien uber dei Entwicklungsgeschichte der Florideen. K. Sv. Vet.-Akad. Hand., [ser. 4], 63(11). 139 pp;, 82 figs.
Kylin, H. 1932. Dei Florideenordnung Gigartinales. Lunds Univ. Arsskr., N. F., Avd. 2, 28(8). 88 pp., 22 figs., 28 pls.
Kylin, H. 1956. Die gattungen der Rhodophyceen. Lund. xv + 673 pp., 458 figs.
Lewis, J. E., and J. N. Norris. 1987. A history and annotated account of the benthic marine algae of Taiwan. Smithsonian contributions to the marine sciences. 29:18-19.
Lin, S.-M. 2009. Marine benthic macroalgal flora of Orchid Island, Taiwan.
Lin, S.-M., S. Fredericq., and M. H. Hommersand. 2001. Systematics of the Delesseriaceae (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) based on large subunit rDNA and rbcL sequences, including the Phycodryoideae, subfam. nov. J. Phycol. 37:881-899.
Lin, S.-M., and H.-Y. Liang. 2011. Grateloupia huangiae (Halymeniaceae, Rhodphyta), a new species from Taiwan previously confused with Polyopes lancifolius, with emphasis on the development of the auxiliary-cell ampullae. Phycologia 50:232-240.
Lin, S.-M., H.-Y. Liang, and M. H. Hommersand. 2008. Two types of auxiliary cell ampullae in Grateloupia (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) ,including G. taiwanensis sp. nov. and G. orientalis sp. nov. from Taiwan based on rbcL gene sequence analysis and cystocarp development. J. Phycol. 44:196-214.
Martens, G. von. 1866. Die preussische expedition nach Ost-Asiens, Botanischer Theil. Dei Tange. 152 pages, plates 1-8. Berlin: Oberhofbuchdruckerei, R. V. Decker.
Nei, M., and S. Kumar. 2000. Molecular evolution and phylogenetics. Univ. Oxford.
Okamura, K. 1909. Icones of Japanese algae. 2:1-62, plates 51-65. Tokyo: Kazamashobo.
Okamura, K. 1931. On the marine algae from Kotosho (Botel Tobago). Bull. Biogeogr. Soc. Jpn. 2:95-122.
Okamura, K. 1935a. Icones of Japanese algae. 7:39-72 [Japanese text 35-63], plates 321-340. Tokyo: Kazamashobo.
Okamura, K. 1936. Nippon kaiso-shi. [Marine algae of Japan]. Frontispiece + 9 + 6 + 964 + 11 pages. Tokyo: Published by the author.
Papenfuss, F. F. 1955. Classification of the algae. In A century of progress in the natural sciences, 1853-1953. Calif. Acad. Sci., San Francisco. pp. 115-224.
Ronquist, F., and J. P. Huelsenbeck. 2003. MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics 19:1572-1574.
Saunders, G. W., and G. T. Kraft. 1996. Small-subunit rRNA gene sequences from representatives of selected families of the Gigartinales and Rhodymeniales (Rhodophyta). 2. Recognition of the Halymeniales ord. nov. Can. J. Bot. 74:694-707.
Saunders, G. W., and G. T. Kraft. 2002. Two new Australian species of Predaea (Nemastonataceae, Rhodophyta) with taxonomic recommendations for an emended Nemastomatales and expended Halymeniales. J. Pycol. 38:1245-1260.
Schmitz, F. 1883. Untersuchunger uber die befruchtung der Florideen. Sitzungsber. K. Preuss Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1:215-258, pl. 5.
Schmitz, F. 1889. Systematische Übersicht der bisher bekannten Gattungen der Florideen. Flora. 72:435-456.
Schmitz, F. 1892. Knollchenartige auswuchse an den sprossen einiger Florideen. Bot. Zeitung 50:624-630.
Schmitz, F. 1895. Marine Florideen von Deutsch-Ostafrika. Bot. Jahrb. 21:137-177.
Schmitz, F., and P. Hauptfleisch. 1897. Grateloupiaceae, p. 508-514. In A. Engler, and K. Prantl [ed.], Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien. Teil 1, Abt. 2. Leipzig.
Shen, Y. F., and K. C. Fan. 1950. Marine algae of Formosa. Taiwania 1:217-345.
Stevens, R. B. 1981. Mycology Guidebook. Univ. Washington.
Tamura, K., D. Peterson, N. Peterson, G. Stecher, M. Nei, S. Kumar. 2011. MEGA5: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods. Mol. Biol. Evol. 28:2731-2739.
Wang, H. W., S. Kawaguchi, T. Horiguchi, and M. Masuda. 2000. Reinstatement of Grateloupia catenata (Rhodophyta, Halymeniaceae) on the basis of morphology and rbcL sequences. Phycologia 39:228-237.
Wang, H. W., K. Shigeo, H. Takeo, and M Michio. 2001. A morphological and molecular assessment of the genus Prionitis J. Agardh (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycol. Res. 49:251-261.
Withall, R. D., and G. W. Saunders. 2006. Combining small and large subunit ribosomal DNA genes to resolve relationships among orders of the Rhodymeniophycidae (Rhodophyta): recognition of the Acrosymphytales ord. nov. and Sebdeniales ord. nov. Eur. J. Phycol. 41:379-394.
Wittmann, W. 1965. Aceto-Iron-Haematoxylin-Chloral Hydrate for Chromosome Staining. Stain. Tech. 40:161-164.
Womersley, H. B. S. and J. A. Lewis. 1994. Family Halymeniaceae Bory 1828: 158, p. 167. In H. B. S. Womersley [ed.], The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Part III A Bangiophyceae and Florideophycea (Acrochaetiales, Nemaliales, Gelidiales, Hildenbrandiales and Gigartinales sensu lato). Australian Biological Resources Study.
Zwickl, D. J. 2006. Genetic algorithm approaches for the phylogenetic analysis of large biological sequence datasets under the maximum likelihood criterion. Ph.D. dissertation. Univ. Texa. Austin. 1-115.
柳芝蓮 (2000). 臺灣海藻彩色圖鑑。行政院農業委員會,1-399.
黃淑芳 (2000). 臺灣東北角海藻圖錄。國立臺灣博物館,1-233.
黃淑芳 (2004). 臺灣產海膜藻科系統分類與植物地理之研究。國立臺灣博物館植物學組,1-33.
劉釋華 (2006). 台灣產海膜藻科軟骨質藻類的分類研究。國立彰化師範大學生物學系碩士論文,1-54.
梁宏彥 (2006). 台灣產海膜藻科蜈蚣藻屬系統分類研究。國立台東大學生命科學研究所碩士論文,1-169.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
1. 西太平洋海洋性紅藻葉片型龍鬚菜藻種(龍鬚菜科,紅藻門)分子親源關係與分類研究
2. 台灣產海膜藻科蜈蚣藻屬系統分類研究
3. 西北太平洋紅網藻屬與鷓鴣菜屬(紅肋葉藻科,紅藻植物門)之分子親源關係與分類研究
4. 紅藻絲狀體藻膽蛋白之高效層析及光譜之研究
5. 利用分子序列分析及形態觀察來探討台灣產凹頂藻屬及相近藻屬(松節藻科,仙藻目)分子親源關係及分類研究
6. 以分子序列分析與形態觀察探討臺灣產沙菜屬之分子親源關係與藻種多樣性
7. 臺灣產海洋紅藻海膜藻屬(海膜藻科,紅藻門)分子親源關係與分類研究
8. 利用重組型李斯特菌發展水產口服運送系統
9. 利用秋夜盜蛾細胞株Sf9與初級培養蝦血球細胞探討白點症病毒之入侵機制
10. 臺灣北部海岸之潮池魚類群聚結構及其回復力之研究
11. 東海中矽藻矽酸鹽運輸蛋白之基因歧異度與利用mRNA表現量評估矽藻受矽限制的程度
12. 矽藻二次代謝物poly unsaturated aldehyde對橈足類Acartia bilobata游泳行為之影響
13. Pseudomonas vesicularis MA103 carIII 基因轉殖至 Lactococcus lactis NZ3900 中表現及其所產 k-紅藻膠酶水解 k-紅藻膠所得寡醣之生理活性探討
14. 厭氧高溫菌"Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum NTOU1"之基因解碼
15. 分離與偵測由白腐真菌分解木質纖維農業廢棄物後所得的水溶性萃取物之物化特性
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔