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研究生:呂冠廷
論文名稱:南半球太平洋與大西洋鋸峰齒鮫(Prionace glauca)年齡與成長研究
論文名稱(外文):Age and growth of blue shark (Prionace glauca) in the south hemisphere Pacific and Atlantic Oceans
指導教授:莊守正莊守正引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shoou Jeng Joung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:環境生物與漁業科學學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:97
中文關鍵詞:鋸峰齒鮫年齡與成長脊椎骨von Bertalanffy成長方程式
外文關鍵詞:Prionace glaucaage and growthvertebravon Bertalanffy growth function
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鋸峰齒鮫(Prionace glauca)為大洋洄游性的板鰓類,是遠洋鮪延繩釣漁業最常混獲的魚種之一。本研究利用台灣遠洋鮪延繩釣漁船上觀察員所採集的鋸峰齒鮫脊椎骨樣本來進行其年齡與成長參數之推估。南太平洋水域(41˚22´- 1˚28´S,178˚40´W - 167˚38´E) 採樣期間自2009年3月起至2011年5月,共採得雌魚87尾、雄魚180尾。南大西洋水域(40˚06´- 0˚57´S,50˚35´W - 13˚51´E)採樣期間自2006年5月起至2011年12月,共採得雌魚311尾、雄魚337尾及未知性別137尾。輪紋形成週期經邊緣分析與邊緣成長率分析結果顯示均為一年,南太平洋部分半透明帶在9月形成,南大西洋部分在11月形成。最佳套適成長方程式均為von Bertalanffy成長方程式。南太平洋本種之成長經最大概似法檢定雌雄間存在顯著差異(p<0.05),雌魚極限體長(L∞)=330.4 cm TL、成長係數(k)=0.164 yr-1,雄魚則為L∞=376.6 cm TL、k=0.128 yr-1;南大西洋雌雄本種之成長間並無顯著差異(p>0.05)故性別合併的成長參數估計為L∞=352.1 cm TL、k=0.131 yr-1 。
The blue shark (Prionace glauca), an oceanic migratory elasmobranchii species is one of the most commonly bycatch species caught by longline fisheries. The specimen collected by observers in Taiwanese longline fisheries is used for age and growth analysis. Between Mar. 2009 and May 2011, 87 female and 180 male were captured in Pacific (41˚22´- 1˚28´S, 178˚40´W - 167˚38´E). Between May 2006 and Dec. 2011, 311 female and 337 male were captured in Atlantic (40˚06´- 0˚57´S, 50˚35´W - 13˚51´E). Edge analysis and marginal increment rate (MIR) analysis indicated that the translucent and opaque bands on vertebral centra were formed once a year. The best fitted growth model was von Bertalanffy growth function (VBGF). Applied the Likelihood ratio test, the VBGF between female and male revealed which in Pacific was significant different (p<0.05), growth parameters for female and male were estimate to be L∞=330.4 cm TL, k=0.164 yr-1 and L∞=376.6 cm TL, k=0.128 yr-1 and in Atlantic was no significant different (p>0.05), growth parameters for both female and male were estimate to be L∞=352.1 cm TL, k=0.131 yr-1 .
目錄
摘要 I
Abstract II
第一章 前言 1
1-1 分類地位與型態特徵 1
1-2 漁業資源概況 2
1-3 文獻回顧 4
1-4 研究目的 8
第二章 材料與方法 9
2-1樣本採集與量測 9
2-2 脊椎骨的處理與量測 9
2-3脊椎骨輪紋判讀 10
2-4輪紋形成週期判定 12
2-5出生輪之判定與年齡推估 13
2-6成長方程式 15
2-7最佳套適成長方程式選定 16
2-8成長速率 17
2-9理論極限年齡推估 17
2-10性比 18
第三章 結果 19
3-1 樣本採集 19
3-2 椎徑與全長迴歸關係 19
3-3輪紋判讀 19
3-3輪紋形成週期 20
3-3-1邊緣分析 20
3-3-2邊緣成長率月別變化趨勢 21
3-3-3輪紋週期判定 21
3-4成長方程式 22
3-5最適成長方程式 23
3-6成長速率 24
3-7理論極限壽命 24
3-8體長頻度與性比 25
第四章 討論 26
4-1樣本的採集 26
4-2輪紋的判讀 27
4-3出生輪紋與輪紋形成週期 28
4-4成長方程式 31
4-4-1太平洋區域 32
4-4-2大西洋區域 33
4-5成長速率與壽命 34
4-6性比與分佈情形 35
4-6-1太平洋 35
4-6-2大西洋 38
4-6-3綜合討論 40
4-7未來展望 41
參考文獻 43
表 56
圖 64

表目錄

表2-1脊椎骨浸潤與包埋之步驟 56
表3-1本研究2009-2010年間於太平洋之樣本資料 57
表3-2本研究2006-2009年間於大西洋之樣本資料 58
表3-3各輪紋形成週期之套適情形比較 59
表3-4以體長與對應年齡所求得鋸峰齒鮫各方程式之成長參數 60
表3-5各成長方程式對鋸峰齒鮫成長之套適情形比較 61
表4-1太平洋區域鋸峰齒鮫之成長參數比較 62
表4-2大西洋區域鋸峰齒鮫成長參數之比較 63

圖目錄

圖2-1太平洋鋸峰齒鮫採樣地點分佈 64
圖2-2大西洋鋸峰齒鮫採樣地點分佈 65
圖2-3鋸峰齒鮫之外部型態量測 66
圖2-4浸潤與包埋後之脊椎骨與脊椎骨椎徑量測圖 67
圖2-5脊椎骨的X光底片與輪紋計數與量測圖 68
圖3-1本研究太平洋樣本體長頻度分佈情形 69
圖3-2本研究大西洋樣本體長頻度分佈情形 70
圖3-3太平洋海域鋸峰齒鮫椎體半徑與全長之迴歸關係圖 71
圖3-4大西洋海域鋸峰齒鮫椎體半徑與全長之迴歸關係圖 72
圖3-5兩位讀輪者之讀輪數年齡別誤差圖 73
圖3-6太平洋海域鋸峰齒鮫之脊椎骨邊緣分析圖 74
圖3-7大西洋海域鋸峰齒鮫之脊椎骨邊緣分析圖 75
圖3-8太平洋鋸峰齒鮫椎體邊緣成長率之月別變化圖 76
圖3-9大西洋鋸峰齒鮫椎體邊緣成長率之月別變化圖 77
圖3-10太平洋鋸峰齒鮫雌、雄魚之成長曲線圖 78
圖3-11大西洋鋸峰齒鮫雌、雄合併之成長曲線圖 79
圖3-12太平洋雌、雄鋸峰齒鮫之成長速率圖 80
圖3-13大西洋鋸峰齒鮫之成長速率圖 81
圖3-14本研究太平洋熱帶水域樣本體長頻度分布圖 82
圖3-15本研究太平洋亞熱帶水域樣本體長頻度分布 83
圖3-16太平洋熱帶與亞熱帶性比月別變化圖 84
圖3-17本研究大西洋熱帶水域樣本體長頻度分布圖 85
圖3-18本研究大西洋亞熱帶水域樣本體長頻度分布 86
圖3-19大西洋熱帶與亞熱帶水域性比月別變化圖 87

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