(3.236.214.19) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/07 12:57
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

: 
twitterline
研究生:黃逸豪
研究生(外文):Yi-Hao Huang
論文名稱:利用LabVIEW實現遠端即時監控風力發電機減速煞車控制系統之研究
論文名稱(外文):Using LabVIEW to Realize Remote Real-time Monitoring Brake Control System of Wind Turbine
指導教授:洪瑞鴻洪瑞鴻引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jui-Hong Horng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:機械與機電工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:48
中文關鍵詞:風力發電機減速煞車系統資料擷取及監控LabVIEW遠端監控
外文關鍵詞:wind turbinebrake systemSCADALabVIEWremote monitoring control
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:247
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:19
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
在風力發電系統中,可變速風力發電機因為可以提高風能的捕獲量,提高發電效率而成為研發的主要目標。由於可變速風力發電機可以隨著風能入射角轉向迎風面,當風速過大時,轉子將因瞬間轉速加快,而導致風力發電機機構設備震盪損壞。因此風力發電機於風速過大時必須減速煞車,避免機構設備震盪損壞,以達到不可逆轉的保護狀態。
本文利用LabVIEW設計風力發電機組的減速煞車安全監控系統,以風速計感測器擷取風力發電機轉速電壓訊號,經由資料擷取卡USB-4711與LabVIEW程式判斷所擷取之信號,判別執行減速煞車系統,避免風力發電機鋼體結構裝置發生崩潰損壞。經由實驗結果得知,本文所設計之減速煞車系統,於瞬間風速過大時,自行啟動類比開關減速煞車,使風力發電機維持額定轉速。最後使用LabVIEW的內建DataSocket技術實現遠端即時監控系統,不僅可以利用遠端電腦監測近端電腦的即時資料,並能傳送控制命令至近端電腦,以達成遠端即時監測與控制的風力發電機系統。

In the wind power generation system, because the variable speed wind turbines can capture the maximum wind energy and high efficiency, gradually become the target of R&D. Variable speed wind turbines will be steered to the windward side with the wind angle of incidence. When the wind speed is too large, the rotor will speed up instantaneously, the wind turbine will shock damage. Therefore, wind turbine must slow down when wind speed is too large, to avoid equipment shock damage.
In this paper, we used LabVIEW design the brake control system of the wind turbine. USB-4711 DAQ card acquired the signal and executed LabVIEW program for the braking system. The experimental result shows that when the wind speed exceeds the rated, the braking system will be activated instantaneously. Finally, we used LabVIEW’s built in DataSocket to implement real-time remote monitoring control. The client host not only can monitor the real-time data from the server host, but also can send control command to the server host, to achieve the purpose of real-time remote monitoring and control system.

摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iii
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 研究動機 1
1-3 文獻回顧 2
1-4 內容架構 4
第二章 SCADA系統與LabVIEW軟體 5
2-1 SCADA系統 5
2-2 LabVIEW軟體 5
2-2-1 前置面板 7
2-2-2 程式方塊圖 7
2-2-3 圖示及連接器 8
2-2-4 通訊監控 8
第三章 風力發電機減速煞車系統 10
3-1 煞車系統種類 10
3-2 故障偵測判別條件 11
3-3 煞車系統保護 13
第四章 實驗設備 14
4-1 永磁同步風力發電機 14
4-2 風速計感測器 14
4-3 資料擷取卡USB-4711 15
4-4 類比開關 15
4-5 降壓器 16
第五章 風力發電機減速煞車系統設計與遠端監控 17
5-1 減速煞車系統設計 17
5-2 遠端監控 18

第六章 測試結果與討論 22
6-1 系統測試 22
6-1-1 利用LabVIEW設計減速煞車系統監控程式 22
6-1-2 自動減速煞車遠端監控系統測試 23
6-2 討論與分析 24
第七章 結論 26
7-1 研究成果 26
7-2 未來展望 26
參考文獻 27

[1] 李俊峰編著,「圖解風力發電」,五南圖書出版股份有限公司,2009年。
[2] 劉萬琨、張志英、李銀風、越萍編著,「風能與風力發電技術」,五南圖書出版股份有限公司,2009年。
[3] X. Yang and H. Gao, “Energy and Environment Strategies of a Chinese Prototype of Solar House”, International Conference on Computer Distributed Control and Intelligent Environmental Monitoring (CDCIEM), pp. 1482-1486, 2011.
[4] 謝勝治編著,「圖解式程式語言-LabVIEW」,全華科技圖書股份有限公司,2004年。
[5] Brekken, T.KA, “Optimal Energy Storage Sizing and Control for Wind Power Applications”, Sustainable Energy, IEEE Transaction on, Vol.2, pp. 69-77, 2011.
[6] McMillan D, “Techno-Economic Comparison of Operational Aspects for Direct Drive and Gearbox-Driven Wind Turbines”, Energy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on, pp. 191-198, 2010.
[7] Yong Sun, “The Digital Soft Braking for Wind Turbine”, E-Product E-service and E-Entertainment (ICEEE), 2010 International Conference on, pp. 1-6, 2010.
[8] Kongwu Ji, “Development of Measurement and Control System for Braking Torque of Wind Turbine Brake”, Electrical and Control Engineering (ICECE), 2011 International Conference on, pp. 1059-1062, 2011.
[9] Koch-Ciobotaru, C, “Study of brake transient regimes for a small wind generator”, Exploitation of Renewable Energy Sources (EXPRES), 2011 IEEE 3rd International Symposium on, pp. 85-89, 2011.
[10] 盧儒頤,「以LabVIEW實現實驗室電力監控系統之研究」,國立臺灣海洋大學機械與機電工程學系碩士論文,民國98年。
[11] M. S. Thomas, P. Kumar and V. K. Chandna, “Design, development, and commissioning of a supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) laboratory for research and training”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 1582-1588, 2004.
[12] M. S. Thomas, P. Kumar and V. K. Chandna, “Design, development, and commissioning of a supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) laboratory for research and training”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 1582-1588, 2004.
[13] 蕭子健、王智昱、儲昭偉編著,「虛擬儀控程式設計LabVIEW 8X」,高立圖書有限公司,民國96年。
[14] 惠汝生編著,「LabVIEW 8.X圖控程式應用」,全華圖書股份有限公司,2006年。
[15] 陳瓊興編著,「LabVIEW 8.X與感測電路應用」,台科大圖書股份有限公司,2009年。
[16] Jen-Hao Teng, “A LabVIEW Based Virtual Instrument for Power Analyzers”, Power System Technology, 2000, Proceedings, PowerCon 2000. International Conference on, Vol. 1, pp. 179-184, 2000.
[17] 周奕丞,「利用LabVIEW實現遠端即時監控太陽能板追蹤系統之研究」,國立臺灣海洋大學機械與機電工程學系碩士論文,2012年。
[18] S. Suryanarayanan, A. Dixit, “Control of Large Wind Turbines:Review and Suggested Approach to Multivariable design” Proc. of the American Control Conference, pp.6886-690, 2005.
[19] Jepsen, F, “Disturbance Control of the Hydraulic Brake in a Wind Turbine”, Energy Conference and Exhibition (EnergyCon), 2010 IEEE International, pp. 530-535, 2010.
[20] Tang, C, “Effects of Inertia on Dynamic Performance of Wind Turbines”, Power Engineering Conference, 2008. AUPEC ’08. Australasian Universities, pp. 1-6, 2008.
[21] 牛山 泉編著,「風車工學入門」,國立澎湖科技大學,2009年。
[22] Ran, L, “Use of Turbine Inertia for Power Smoothing of Wind Turbines with a DFIG”, Harmonics and Quality of Power, 2004, 11tjh International Conference on, pp. 530-535, 2010.
[23] Cheng Fangshun, “Wind Turbine Simulator Based on DSEM”, Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference, 2009, IPEMC ’09, IEEE 6th International, pp. 2291-2294, 2009.
[24] Lucy Y. Pao, Kathryn E. Johnson, “Control of Wind Turbines”, Control Systems, IEEE, Vol. 31, pp. 44-62, 2011.
[25] Paunescu, D, “Stability of the Synchronous Generators within Wind Energy Power Systems”, Applied Computational Intelligence and Informatics, 2009. SACI ’09. 5th International Symposium on, pp. 251-254, 2009.
[26] Chowdhury, M.A, “Effects of wind speed variations and machine inertia constants on variable speed wind turbine dynamics”, Electrical Machines and Systems,2005. ICEMS 2005, Proceeding of the Eighth International Conference on, Vol.2, pp. 996-999, 2005.
[27] I. Lita, I. B. Cioc and I. Popa, “Technologies for Remote Data Acquisition Systems in Environmental Monitoring”, 29th International Spring Seminar on Electronics Technology, pp. 361-366, 2006.
[28] J. Cui, R. Lai, X. Liu, Z. Chen, K. Tao and M. Gong, “Research on synchronous data acquisition and remote monitoring techniques in the valve test system”, Proceedings of the 29th Chinese Control Conference, pp. 5717-5721, 2010.
[29] 蕭子健、劉建昇、楊雅齡編著,「LabVIEW網路篇」,高立圖書有限公司,民國90年。
[30] L. Yan, “DataSocket Technology and Its Application in Remote Data Transmission Measurement”, 8th International Conference on Electronic Measurement and Instruments, Vol. 2, pp. 292-295, 2007.
[31] 謝勝治、陳璋琪編著,「LabVIEW應用篇」,全華科技圖書股份有限公司,民國91年。
[32] 經濟部,「澎湖本島風力發電示範計畫可行性研究報告」,經濟部,民國83年。

連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔