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研究生(外文):Cho, Hunghsin
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Relative Deprivation on Obesity
外文關鍵詞:relative deprivationchildren obesity
  • 被引用被引用:3
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本研究應用Yitzhaki (1979)的相對剝奪感量化概念,探討相對剝奪感對兒童肥胖問題的影響,採用民國九十四年『國民健康訪問調查』(2005 National Health Interview Survey)橫斷面資料加以分析。為了建立各項消費肥胖食品之頻率的聯合機率模式,本研究將利用bivariate ordered probit模型來作迴歸估計。

According to the data from Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C, the trend of income distribution in Taiwan has been deteriorating in recent years. And the report from Ministry of Education Dept. of Physical Education, which is student health survey in 2005, showed that overweight and obesity pupils were more than before. The objective of this paper was to explore whether there is an effect between relative deprivation, which is caused by deterioration of income distribution, and children obesity.
In order to quantify the relative deprivation, we applied the Yitzhaki(1979). And the data were selected from 2005 National Health Interview Survey, which is a cross-section data. Furthermore, we also used bivariate ordered probit model to estimate the joint probability.
The result showed that relative deprivation has a negative significant effect on children obesity. It means that children who in higher relative deprivation family tended to consume less high caloric foods. However, the result also showed that relative deprivation made children underweight. Besides, children tended to consume more high caloric foods when whose mother was a denizened spouse.
Due to relative deprivation represents the income gap between families, children who lived in higher relative deprivation might torment with lunch. For promoting health, the authority needs to plan a policy which is the school lunch provided free. In addition, the denizened spouses were minority, so government should pay attention to this issue.

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 5
第二章 文獻回顧 10
第一節 肥胖問題對健康之影響 10
第二節 相對剝奪感對健康之影響 12
第三節 相對剝奪感與肥胖問題 13
第四節 相對剝奪感的衡量 14
第三章 理論模型與架構 16
第一節 理論模型 16
第二節 研究架構及假設 17
第四章 研究方法 19
第一節 研究資料 19
第二節 實證模型 19
第三節 變數說明 22
第四節 敘述統計 27
第五章 實證結果 30
第六章 結論與建議 37
第一節 結論 37
第二節 政策建議 39
第三節 研究限制 41
參考文獻 42
附錄 46

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