跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(18.205.192.201) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/05 09:52
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:卓弘昕
研究生(外文):Cho, Hunghsin
論文名稱:相對剝奪感對兒童肥胖問題之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Relative Deprivation on Obesity
指導教授:劉彩卿劉彩卿引用關係
口試委員:黃智聰林晏如
口試日期:2012-05-31
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北大學
系所名稱:財政學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:財政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:53
中文關鍵詞:相對剝奪感兒童肥胖
外文關鍵詞:relative deprivationchildren obesity
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
  • 點閱點閱:757
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:149
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
行政院主計處的資料顯示,臺灣近年所得分配呈現惡化趨勢,而根據九十四學年度全國國小各年級男女生體位評值表顯示,全國國小學生體位過重、肥胖的不合格率是增加的。本研究主要目的為探討臺灣是否因為所得分配惡化引起的相對剝奪感對兒童肥胖問題產生影響。
本研究應用Yitzhaki (1979)的相對剝奪感量化概念,探討相對剝奪感對兒童肥胖問題的影響,採用民國九十四年『國民健康訪問調查』(2005 National Health Interview Survey)橫斷面資料加以分析。為了建立各項消費肥胖食品之頻率的聯合機率模式,本研究將利用bivariate ordered probit模型來作迴歸估計。
迴歸分析結果顯示,相對剝奪感對兒童消費肥胖食品的影響,呈現負向顯著關係。即相對剝奪感愈高的家庭,兒童會減少肥胖食品的消費。此外,研究結果顯示在相對剝奪感可能會造成兒童體重過輕。配偶為非本國籍,兒童會增加肥胖食品的消費。
由於相對剝奪感反應家戶間的所得差異,相對剝奪感較高的家庭對於兒童的正餐可能有所困擾,為了促進國民的健康,或許可以透過政府規劃出由中央提供免費的營養午餐之政策,對於營養午餐的免費提供可制定補助之條件。外籍配偶屬於弱勢團體,相關單位應對其重視,避免其從事非法打工行為,而法令不足之處應與以修法。

According to the data from Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C, the trend of income distribution in Taiwan has been deteriorating in recent years. And the report from Ministry of Education Dept. of Physical Education, which is student health survey in 2005, showed that overweight and obesity pupils were more than before. The objective of this paper was to explore whether there is an effect between relative deprivation, which is caused by deterioration of income distribution, and children obesity.
In order to quantify the relative deprivation, we applied the Yitzhaki(1979). And the data were selected from 2005 National Health Interview Survey, which is a cross-section data. Furthermore, we also used bivariate ordered probit model to estimate the joint probability.
The result showed that relative deprivation has a negative significant effect on children obesity. It means that children who in higher relative deprivation family tended to consume less high caloric foods. However, the result also showed that relative deprivation made children underweight. Besides, children tended to consume more high caloric foods when whose mother was a denizened spouse.
Due to relative deprivation represents the income gap between families, children who lived in higher relative deprivation might torment with lunch. For promoting health, the authority needs to plan a policy which is the school lunch provided free. In addition, the denizened spouses were minority, so government should pay attention to this issue.

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 5
第二章 文獻回顧 10
第一節 肥胖問題對健康之影響 10
第二節 相對剝奪感對健康之影響 12
第三節 相對剝奪感與肥胖問題 13
第四節 相對剝奪感的衡量 14
第三章 理論模型與架構 16
第一節 理論模型 16
第二節 研究架構及假設 17
第四章 研究方法 19
第一節 研究資料 19
第二節 實證模型 19
第三節 變數說明 22
第四節 敘述統計 27
第五章 實證結果 30
第六章 結論與建議 37
第一節 結論 37
第二節 政策建議 39
第三節 研究限制 41
參考文獻 42
附錄 46

英文部分
Agyemang, C., Vrijkotte, T.G.M., Droomers, M., van der Wal, M.F., Bonsel, G.J., & Stronks, K. (2009). “The effect of neighbourhood income and deprivation on pregnancy outcomes in Amsterdam, The Netherlands,” Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 63(9):755-760.
Armstrong, J., Dorosty, A.R., Reilly, J.J. Child Health Information Team, & Emmett, P.M. (2003). “Coexistence of social inequalities in under nutrition and obesity in preschool children: population based cross sectional study,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, 88(8):671-675.
Berle, J.Ø., Mykletun, A., Daltveit, A.K., Rasmussen, S., Holsten, F., & Dahl, A.A. (2005). “Neonatal outcomes in offspring of women with anxiety and depression during pregnancy: A linkage study from the nord trondelag health study(HUNT) and medical birth registry of Norway,” Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 8(3): 181-189.
Bradbury, B., Jenkins, S. P., & Micklewright, J. (2001). “2 Conceptual and measurement issues, in Bradbury, B., Jenkins, S. P., and Micklewright, (eds.) The Dynamics of Child Poverty in Industrialized Countries,” Cambridge University Press, 27-61.
Deaton, A. (2003). “Health, inequality, and economic development,” Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, 41(1): 113-158.
Eibner, C.E., & Evans, W.N. (2005). “Relative deprivation, poor health habits and mortality,” The Journal of Human Resources, 40(3): 591-620.
Finkelstein, E.A., Fiebelkorn, I.C., & Wang, G. (2003). “National medical spending attributable to overweight and obesity: How much, and who’s paying?” Health Affairs, 22(4): 8-8.
Fowler, J.H., & Christakis, N.A. (2008) “Estimating Peer Effects on Health in Social Network: A Response to Cohen-Cole and Fletcher; Trogdon, Nomnemaker, Pais,” Journal of Health Economics, 27(5): 1400-1405.
Frank L.D., Andrensen M.A., Schmid T.L.(2004). “Obesity Relationships with Community Design, Physical Activity, and Time Spent in Cars,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27(2): 87-96.
Freedman, D.S., Khan, L.K., Dietz, W.H., Srinivasan, S.R., & Berenson, G.S. (2001). “Relationship of Childhood Obesity to Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors in Adulthood: The Bogalusa Health Study,” Pediatrics, 108(3): 712-718.
Gravellea, H., Wildmanb, J., & Sutton, M. (2002). “Income, income inequality and health: what can we learn from aggregate data?” Social Science & Medicine, 54(4): 577-589.
Grimard F., Laszlo S., & Lim W. (2010). “Health, aging and childhood socio-economic conditions in Mexico,” Journal of Health Economics, 29(5): 630-640.
Guo, G. & Harris, K. M. (2000). “The mechanisms mediating the effects of poverty on children’s intellectual development,” Demography, 37(4): 431-447.
Hertzler, A.A. (1983). “Children’s food patterns-a review: Family and group behavior,” Journal Americana Dietetic Association, 83(5): 555-560.
Hey, J.D., & Lambert, P.J. (1980). “Relative Deprivation and the Gini Coefficient: Comment,” The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 95(3): 567-573.
Jones, A.M., & Wildman, J. (2008). “Health , income and relative deprivation : Evidence from the BHPS,” Journal of Health Economics, 27: 308-324
Kim, D., Subramanian, S.V., Gortmaker, S., & Kawachi, I. (2006). “US state- and county-level social capital in relation to obesity and physical inactivity: A multilevel, multivariable analysis,” Social Science & Medicine, 63(4): 1045-1059.
Kinra, S., Nelder, R.P., & Lewendon, G.J. (2000). “Deprivation and childhood obesity: a cross sectional study of 20,973 children in Plymouth, United Kingdom,” Journal of Epidemiology and community health, 54(6): 456-460.
Luomala, H. T. & Laaksonen, M. (2000). “Contribution from mood research,” Psychology & Marketing, 17 (3): 195-233.
Manning, W.G., Newhouse, J.P., Duan, N., Keeler, E.B., & Leibowitz A. (1987). “Health insurance and the demand for medical care: evidence from a randomized experiment,” The American Economic Review, 77(3): 251-277.
Mellor, J., & Milyo, J. (2001). “Reexamining the evidence of an ecological association between income inequality and health,” Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, 26(3):487-522.
Moore, E.S., Wilkie, W.L., & Lutz, R.J. (2002). “Passing the torch: intergenerational influence as a source of brand equity,” Journal of Marketing, 66(1):17-37.
Parsons, T.J., Power, C., Logan, S., & Summerbell, C.D. (1999). “Childhood predictors of adult obesity: a systematic review,” International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, 23(suppl 8): S1-107.
Pham-Kanter, G. (2009). “Social comparisons and health: can having richer friends and neighbors make you sick?” Social Science & Medicine, 69(3): 335-344.
Ravallion, M., & Lokshin, M. (2010). “Who cares about relative deprivation?” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 73(2): 171-185.
Reagan,P.B., Salsberry, P.J., & Olsen, R.J. (2007) “Does the measure of economic disadvantage matter? Exploring the effect of individual and relative deprivation on intrauterine growth restriction,” Social Science & Medicine, 64(10): 2016-2029.
Reichman, N.E., & Teitle, J.O. (2006). “Paternal age as a risk factor for low birthweight,” American Journal of Public Health, 96(5): 862-866.
Runciman, W.G. (1966) “Relative Deprivation and Social Justice,” London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Sobel, M.E. (1982) “Asymptotic confidence intervals for indirect effects in structural equation models. Sociological Methodology, ” 13, 290-312.
Stouffer, S.A., Suchman, E.A., DeVinney, L.C., Starr, S.A., & Williams, R.M. (1949). American Soldier: Adjustment During Army Life. Princeton University Press.
Sturm, R. (2002). “The effects of obesity, smoking, and drinking on medical problems and costs,” Health Affairs, 21(2): 245-253.
Sturm, R., Powell, L.M., Chriqui, J.F., & Chaloupka, F.J. (2010). “Soda tax, soft drink consumption, and children’s Body Mass Index,” Health Affairs, 29(5): 1052-1058.
Vignerová, J., Blaha, P., Osancova, K., & Roth, Z. (2004). “Social inequality and obesity on Czech school children,” Economics and Human Biology, 2(1):107-118.
Wagstaff, A. & van Doorslaer, E., (2000). “Income inequality and health: what does the literature tell us?” Annual Review of Public Health,21: 543–567.
Wang,Y. (2001). “Cross-national comparison of childhood obesity: the epidemic and the relationship between obesity and socioeconomic status, ” International Journal of Epidemiology, 30(5):1129-1136.
Ward, S. (1974). “Consumer Socialization,” Journal of Consumer Research, 1: 1-14.
Whitlock, E.P., Williams, S.B., Gold, R., Smith, P.R., & Shipman, S.A. (2005). “Screening and Interventions for Childhood Overweight: A Summary of Evidence for the US Preventive Services Task Force,” Pediatrics, 116(1): e125-e144.
Wilkinson, R.G. (1997). “Socioeconomic determinants of health: Health inequalities: relative or absolute material standards?” British Medical Journal, 314(7080): 591-595.
Wilkinson, R.G. (1998). “Mortality and distribution of income. Low relative income affects mortality,” British Medical Journal, 316(7144): 1611-1612.
Wilkinson, R.G. (1999). “Health, hierarchy and social anxiety,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 896(1): 48-63.
Wilkinson, R.G., & Pickett, K.E. (2007). “The problem of relative deprivation: why some societies do better than others,” Social Science & Medicine, 65(9): 1965-1978.
World Health Organization (2003). Obesity and overweight. Retrieved Sep 21, 2011, from WHO Web Site: http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/media/en/gsfs_obesity.pdf
Yitzhaki, S. (1979). “Relative Deprivation and the Gini Coefficient,” The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 93(2):321-324.


中文部分
鍾曉雲、吳從貴(2001):體能訓練及飲食控制對肥胖學童健康體適能之影響。大專體育,56,124-128。
蔡佩珊(2001):台北市某國中學生飲用含糖飲料行為及其影響因素之研究。國立台灣師範大學衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班碩士論文,未出版。
胡蘭沁、李淑靜(2004):國小六年級學童零食飲料消費狀況以及與父母和學校態度相關性之探討─以台南縣市為例。南師學報,38,61-89。
蔡宏進(2004)。休閒社會學。三民出版社。
葉滋穗、張文道、宋育民、周崇頌、劉丕華(2006):兒童與青少年的新陳代謝症候群。基層醫學,21(7),197-204。
陸洛、吳珮瑀、林國慶、高旭繁、翁崇修(2007)。社會心理學。心理出版社。
余鑑、黃宜蕙、余采芳、鄭宇珊、楊玥(2010):組織記憶對組織學習影響之研究-數位學習涉入程度為調節變項。經營管理論叢,6(2),23-44。

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top