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研究生:卓宥瑄
研究生(外文):CHO, YU-HSUAN
論文名稱:探討都市型態與能源消耗二氧化碳排放量的關聯性
論文名稱(外文):STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URBAN FORM AND CARBON EMISSIONS OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION
指導教授:葉佳宗葉佳宗引用關係黃書禮黃書禮引用關係
口試委員:詹士樑陳維斌李俊霖
口試日期:2012-07-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北大學
系所名稱:都市計劃研究所
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:都市規劃學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:166
中文關鍵詞:都市型態氣候變遷二氧化碳排放因素分析典型相關分析景觀指數分析
外文關鍵詞:Urban formCarbon emissionsFactor analysisCanonical correlation analysisLandscape metrics analysisClimate change
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:10
  • 點閱點閱:1217
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:272
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
都市化發展是近代人類發展的重要趨勢,全球已有過半數人口居住在都市,都市是經濟活動的重心,也是各種環境問題的焦點。隨著都市擴張、人口密集及高強度發展,都市活動大量使用各種化石能源造成了大量的溫室氣體排放,對於全球氣候變遷造成關鍵性的影響。如何減緩與調適氣候變遷已是各國不容忽視的議題。近年來,都市型態與都市能源使用關係的研究受到各界重視,然而過去相關研究中,多以人口密度、交通運輸、建築物、家庭住宅的資料實證分析,較少將都市空間格局納入考量。有鑑於能源消耗與都市空間結構特性有著密切的關連性,以人口密度、交通運輸、建築物、家庭住宅衡量都市型態與能源消耗略顯不足。
本研究藉由國外相關文獻的探討整理,了解有關都市耗能的研究演變,並找出影響都市耗能的因子,分析比較都市型態與二氧化碳排放之間的影響與差異。本研究範圍以台北都會區之行政區與台灣縣市兩種尺度下做為範疇,並利用多變量分析方法。從縣市與行政區兩個尺度進行因素分析,對社會經濟變量(SEVs)與景觀格局指數(SPMs)進行分組,其次將因素分析結果與能源消耗二氧化碳排放量進行典型相關分析,分析社會經濟變量與景觀格局指數在不同尺度中,分別與能源消耗二氧化碳排放有何關連,並利用其結果進行討論,對未來都市規劃政策與環境氣候變遷調適提出適當的建議。

Urbanization is an important trend in contemporary human development. More than half of the world’s population is living in urban areas and the growth of urban population is incessant. cities have been the centers of economic activities as well as the focuses of a variety of environmental issues. Urban sprawl anda range of activities associated with cities raise the consumption of fossil fuels and significantly contribute to global GHG emissions.. Urban climate change mitigation and adaptation have been international concern.. In recent years, Many empirical studies revolve the relationships between urban form and urban energy use. However, most of them focused on population density transportation, residential buildings, but less concerned withcharacteristics of urban spatial structure.

Based on literature review, this study identify the factors of urban form which probably affect urban energy use. Both socio-economic variables (SEVs) and spatial pattern metrics (SPMs) derived from disticts of Taipei Metropolitan Area as well as counties and cities of Taiwan are examinedby using multivariate analysis. The results of factor analysis reveal different signifiances of these factors. Furthermore, the results of canonical analysis identify the statistical relationships between urban form and urban energy consumption. Finally, this study suggest some recommendations for the future urban planning policies to develop an efficient urban form based on the findings of this empircal analysis.

第一章 緒論 01
第一節 研究動機 01
第二節 研究目的 03
第三節 研究範圍 04
第四節 研究設計 06


第二章 文獻回顧 11
第一節 都市化與能源消耗 11
第二節 都市型態與能源消耗 17
第三節 永續發展理念與緊密都市 27
第四節 小結 31


第三章 研究方法 33
第一節 景觀指數分析 33
第二節 多變量分析 37
第三節 都市型態分析項目 48
第四節 基礎資料說明 54


第四章 研究結果與討論 65
第一節 變數與二氧化碳排放量的相關性 65
第二節 因素分析結果 76
第三節 典型相關分析結果 80
第四節 分析結果討論 86



第五章 結論與建議 91
第一節 結論 91
第二節 建議 93


參考文獻 95

附錄 103
一、 屬性分類對照表 103
二、 多變量分析基礎資料 107



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二、中文文獻
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林裕彬、吳振發、鄧東波,2004,「景觀生態面向及指數分析汐止地區 1990 至 2001 土地利用時空間鑲嵌特徵」,都市與計畫,31(3):239-268。
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黃國慶、詹士樑,2009,「台北都會區土地使用/覆蓋變遷驅動力之空間近鄰效果探討」,都市與計劃,36(4):415-443。
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三、網站
全國統計資料,行政院主計處,http://www.dgbas.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=13213&CtNode=3504&mp=1,100/6/24。
經濟部能源局,http://www.moeaboe.gov.tw/,101/6/25。
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國家政策研究基金會,http://www.npf.org.tw/,101/6/30。
環境資訊中心,台灣環境資訊協會,http://e-info.org.tw/,101/3/16。
中央氣象局全球資訊網,交通部中央氣象局,
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IPCC, http://www.ipcc.ch/, 101/3/9.
UNFCCC, http://unfccc.int/2860.php, 101/3/9.
UNPD, http://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/index.html, 101/7/1.
UN-Habitat, United Nations Human Settlements Programme, http://www.unbrussels.org/, 101/6/25.

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