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研究生:顏慎一
研究生(外文):Shen-i Yen
論文名稱:汽車座椅之乘座壓力與溫度及舒適度評估
論文名稱(外文):Temperature and pressure distribution and the perceived comfort after sitting on car seats
指導教授:李永輝李永輝引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yung-Hui Lee
口試委員:李永輝
口試日期:2012-12-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:工業管理系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:76
中文關鍵詞:舒適度汽車座椅壓力分佈溫度變化主觀評比生理指標
外文關鍵詞:car seatcomfortsubjectiveassessmenttemperaturepressure
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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  • 下載下載:199
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
汽車座椅舒適度是本研究之主題。在汽車產業蓬勃發展的今天,汽車座椅乘坐的舒適與否已經變成一個消費者重視的指標,許多先進國家車商在座椅舒適度方面也投入許多時間與成本,嘗試設計出更符合消費者之需求座椅,故汽車座椅舒適度研究是非常重要的。
座椅舒適度之研究在許多文獻中都包含主觀指標與生理指標之量測。本研究針對現今四張台灣市面上之車輛座椅來做量測,並使用問卷形式量測主觀指標;而生理指標則是利用溫度變化與壓力分佈來了解人體乘坐在座椅時溫度與壓力變化情形,並提出對座椅舒適度改善建議。
本研究之實驗挑選45位具有駕駛經驗之受測者,男女各半,分別量測座椅之溫度與壓力,並填寫主觀問卷,其中溫度量測20位、壓力量測25位,身高與體重則是使用勞工安全研究所的「台灣人體計測資料庫」,為了達到比較全面的人體資料收集,所以總共在身高與體重分別挑出25%、50%、75%三個等級、依照人數比例分配身高與體重,受測場地將會在實驗室內進行以更加良好控管溫度濕度等外在因素。
資料收集完成後會進行多因子變異數分析,用以了解身高、體重是否會影響受測者之主觀感受,接下來將會分析壓力「峰值」,觀察受測者在實驗過程中之動作變化與峰值壓力變化狀況。綜合以上之觀察與主觀問卷分析,將了解四張座椅之優劣,並且給予座椅設計或往後實驗或之建議。
This study aims to investigate the comfort car seats and to provide seat comfort improvement suggestions based on rigorous experiments and findings. As the automobile industry continues to flourish today, the comfort of a car seat has become an important indicator to the consumers. Car companies has been investing tremendous amounts of money and time to improve the seat comfort , in an effort to make a better seat as well as to meet the customers’ needs attract picking
The comfort of the seats were commonly compared with subjective ratings on comfort and physiological indexes. This research studied and compared driver’s seats of four well selling vehicles on the market in Taiwan. Questionnaires were used to measure the subjective comfort and preferences. Physiological indexes were created to measure the change of temperature and pressure distribution when the human subjects sat on the seat.
This study used20 experienced drivers to measure the temperature and another 25 to measure pressure separately. All of them filled in the subjective questionnaire. The subject was stratified according to the weight and height distribution of the Taiwanlabor anthropometric database from the Institute of occupational safety & health of Taiwan. The number of subjects was proportional to the distribution within theheight and weight combination, each with 3 levels: 25, 50, and 75percentile.
Seat, height, and weight were subjected to statistical analyses to understand whether they affect the subjective comfort of the driver, the pressure on the seat, and the temperature change. This report presents the advantages and disadvantages about the four seatsand future design improvement suggestions.
誌謝............................1
摘要.......................................2
ABSTRACT..................................3
目錄.......................................4
圖目錄......................................7
表目錄.......................................9
第一章研究方法................................10
1.1研究背景與動機.............................10
1.2研究問題與目的.............................13
1.3實驗架構..................................14
1.4研究限制...................................16
第二章 文獻探討................................17
2.1汽車座椅舒適度..............................18
2.2 壓力相關文獻探討............................23
第三章研究方法..................................25
3.1研究設計....................................25
3.2受測族群....................................25
3.3實驗設備....................................27
3.4 實驗座椅...................................35
3.5實驗設計....................................37
3.6問卷設計....................................41
3.7資料分析方法.................................43
第四章 資料分析與結果.............................44
4.1受試者資料分析................................44
4.2 座椅不同部位之主觀評比並分析體重對主觀之影響程度....46
4.3 座椅悶熱感(散熱能力)...........................56
4.4 身高與體重影響程度.............................60
4.5椅背角度......................................62
4.6 座椅壓力分佈..................................62
4.7討論..........................................67
第五章 結論與建議..................................69
5.1結論..........................................69
5.2建議..........................................72
5.3 未來研究發展...................................73
使用文獻..........................................74
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