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研究生:蕭博元
研究生(外文):Bo-yuan Hsiao
論文名稱:乳酸回收程序與設計
論文名稱(外文):Design and Control for the Recovery Process of Lactic Acid
指導教授:周宜雄
指導教授(外文):Yi-Shyong Chou
口試委員:周宜雄
口試日期:2012-07-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:165
中文關鍵詞:乳酸甲醇反應蒸餾塔蒸發器
外文關鍵詞:lactic acidmethanolreactive distillationevaporator
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本研究目的係探討乳酸提濃之設計與控制。首先選擇合適的熱力學與動力學模式來描述程序,使用Aspen Plus○R進行穩態模擬。本研究提出使用反應蒸餾塔程序來進行酯化反應,並以年度總成本(TAC)為最適化目標,得到其設計流程下最適化之穩態設計操作條件。接著用Aspen Dynamics TM進行動態模擬,執行各種干擾測試來檢驗反應蒸餾塔的控制架構。
The objective of this research is to study the design and control of the purification and recovery process which recovers lactic acid from its aqueous solution. First, we select the most suitable thermodynamic and kinetic models to describle the process characteristics, and then use the Aspen Plus○R to perform steady state plant design and simulation. The plant design procedure is proposed to obtain one flowsheet, namely using a reactive distillation column to carry out the esterification of lactic acid. The total annual cost(TAC) is used as the design criterion to obtain the optimal process and the operating condition, Then Aspen Dynamics TM is employed to execute dynamic simulation. Finally, a variety of disturbances are used to verify the versality of the proposed control configuration.
摘要 3
Abstract 4
誌謝 5
目錄 6
圖目錄 9
表目錄 14

第一章 緒論 16
1.1前言 16
1.2文獻回顧 19
1.2.1乳酸的發展應用及熱力學 19
1.2.2傳統經過酯化及水解反應提濃乳酸 20
1.2.3使用萃取發酵液方法提濃乳酸 21
1.2.4動態控制方面 21
1.3研究動機 23
1.4組織章節 32

第二章 熱力學與動力學模式 33
2.1 前言 33
2.2 熱力學模式建立與參數 34
2.3蒸餘曲線(RCM) 39
2.4動力學模式建立與參數 41

第三章 程序設計 43
3.1前言 43
3.2乳酸提濃程序設計概念及最適化設計 44
3.2.1 蒸發器的應用與最適化 44
3.2.2反應蒸餾塔製程設計 48

第四章 動態模擬 103
4.1前言 103
4.2敏感度分析 104
4.2.1 CS1控制架構 104
4.2.2 CS2控制架構 107
4.3參數調諧與控制架構 110
4.3.1控制器參數調諧方法 110
4.3.2乳酸提濃製程之控制架構 112
4.4干擾排除 116
4.4.1 CS1控制架構干擾測試 118
4.4.2 CS2控制架構干擾測試 131

第五章 結論 145

參考文獻 147
附錄A 計算年度總成本公式 150
附錄B 控制器參數 154

作者簡介 155
[中文]
1.郭建麟 ,「丙烯酸乙酯製程之設計與控制」,國立台灣科技大學化學工程所碩士論文(2005)

2.蘇韋欣 , 「反應性蒸餾程序生產丙烯酸乙酯之研究」,國立台灣科技大學化學工程所碩士論文(2005)

3.陳敬珉 ,「利用超臨界轉酯化反應生產生質柴油程序之分析與控制」,國立台灣科技大學化學工程所碩士論文(2008)

4.楊麟鈞 ,「碳酸二苯酯反應蒸餾程序之設計與控制」,國立台灣科技大學化學工程所碩士論文(2011)


[英文]
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