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研究生:余俊宏
研究生(外文):Chun-hung Yu
論文名稱:生醫玻片影像掃描系統之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of the Biomedical Slide Scanning System
指導教授:修芳仲
口試委員:修芳仲
口試日期:2011-11-03
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:機械工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:108
中文關鍵詞:影像縫合自動對焦生醫組織玻片顯微鏡運動控制影像處理虛擬玻片
外文關鍵詞:virtual slideimage processingmotion controlautofocusingimage stitchingtissue slidemicrosope
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:5
  • 點閱點閱:525
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:90
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
生醫病理的相關研究為現代醫學中重要的技術,從植物組織、動物組織、人體組織或是一些特殊的應用,許多應用都必須靠生醫組織玻片來觀察。早期此項技術都是由傳統的顯微鏡來做病理,或其它特殊研究的觀察,由於醫學研究發展迅速,醫療體系已朝向追求快速、方便、衛生及安全的需求。生醫組織玻片的掃描技術為將一實體的組織玻片,透過顯微影像系統的擷取,轉換成一個全景數位影像的虛擬玻片,進而能在電腦上完成更多的工作。本研究中以組織玻片與薄層細胞抹片(如子宮頸抹片)為例,探討生醫組織玻片掃描設備的顯微影像自動對焦與全景影像縫合等方法,以跨領域方式整合光機電與生物醫學等關鍵性技術,開發生醫組織玻片的掃描雛型設備。
The biomedical pathology is a significant technique in modern medicine, many cell functions must rely on biomedical slides to be observed such as plant tissue, animal tissue, and human tissue. This technique was manipulated with traditional microscope in the past. As the rapid development of medical research, medical system has been tending to pursue quicker, easier, healthier and safer techniques. Biomedical slide scanning technology can convert the slide into a digital panoramic virtual image through the image acquiring systems, which let us be able to do more work on the computer. In this study, we take tissue slice and thin layer cytological smear (Pap smear) as an example to investigate the methods of the autofocusing and panorama stitching, and to development of a prototype biomedical slide scanning system.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖索引 vii
表索引 xi
符號表 xii
第一章、緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與目的 1
1.2 病理醫學的發展 2
1.3 文獻探討 2
1.4 研究方法與論文架構 3
第二章、生醫組織玻片基本概念與掃描設備之組成 5
2.1 生醫組織玻片種類介紹 5
2.2 虛擬玻片之應用 7
2.2.1 臨床病理診斷 7
2.2.2 遠距病理資訊傳輸 8
2.2.3 生醫病理教學 8
2.3市售機台優劣評估 10
2.4 生醫組織玻片掃描雛型機台組成 11
2.4.1 運動控制模組 11
2.4.2 影像擷取模組 14
2.4.3 系統動作流程 17
2.5 雛型機台與軟體操作介面 20
第三章、玻片掃描系統校正 21
3.1 線掃描攝影機校正 21
3.2 線掃描攝影機與面掃描攝影機對焦平面校準 25
3.3 影像與運動座標位置校正與轉換 27
3.4 影像背景雜訊濾除 30
第四章、生醫組織玻片自動對焦 34
4.1 複合式自動對焦方法 35
4.2 面掃描攝影機對焦方法 36
4.2.1 對焦準則銳利度函數評估 36
4.2.2 對焦準清晰度曲線與對焦搜尋間隔之關係 48
4.2.3 焦點近似演算法 49
4.3 全行程自動對焦 52
4.3.1 對焦範圍判別 53
4.3.2 對焦導引曲線 54
4.4 全景深影像融合 56
4.4.1 影像特徵對齊 56
4.4.2 Fusion map 57
4.4.3 融合法則 58
第五章、全景生醫組織玻片影像製作 61
5.1 生醫組織玻片影像縫合方法評估 62
5.2 影像疊合 63
5.2.1 特徵點定義 65
5.2.2 特徵比對 66
5.3 影像縫合方法 67
5.3.1 最小邊界誤差切割 68
5.3.2 最小邊界誤差切割線路徑規劃 71
5.3.3 混合式最小邊界誤差切割線 73
5.4 新式最小邊界誤差切割方法 75
5.4.1 對角最小邊界誤差切割 75
5.4.2 新式混合最小邊界誤差切割 78
5.5 色彩平衡 80
5.5.1 數位影像色彩空間 80
第六章、實驗結果與討論 86
6.1 單點自動對焦結果 86
6.1.1 自動對焦重現性分析 86
6.1.2 自動對焦可靠度分析 87
6.1.3 焦點近似演算結果 88
6.2 複合式自動對焦實驗 89
6.3 全景生醫影像製作結果 94
第七章、結論與未來展望 98
參考文獻 100
附錄A 玻片掃描系統規格表 103
附錄B SMAC音圈馬達規格表 104
附錄C XRV V76-70音圈馬達規格表 105
附錄D NI PCI-7344運動控制卡規格表 106
附錄E Basler L304kc規格表 107
附錄F NI PCI-1429影像擷取卡規格表 108
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