(18.204.2.190) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/19 08:09
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:歐文
研究生(外文):Olvin Alberto Castillo Aragon
論文名稱:特古西加爾巴市固體廢物焚燒廠預可行性研究
論文名稱(外文):Tegucigalpa Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Plant Prefeasibility Study
指導教授:周碩彥周碩彥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shuo-Yan Chou
口試委員:周碩彥
口試日期:2012-06-26
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:管理學院MBA
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:焚化垃圾處理焚化系統環境洪都拉斯
外文關鍵詞:IncinerationSolid Waste ManagementInstitutional FrameworkHonduras
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:76
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:10
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
洪都拉斯是中美洲的發展中國家,其面臨的兩個主要問題為其依賴於化石燃料的熱能並缺乏廢物處理。

本研究旨在分析在洪都拉斯首都特古西加爾巴建立固體垃圾焚化廠,並利用產生的熱能發電的可行性。

採訪特古西加爾巴的市政廳代表和洪都拉斯的體制框架的完整研究。此外,並採訪台灣廢棄物部門代表,檢討現行的焚燒技術和分析洪都拉斯的關鍵數據。

從這項研究中,我們發現特古西加爾巴廢物質量(9兆焦/千克)和數量(超過50000噸/年),達到焚燒標準。此外,市政固體廢物焚燒廠可提供洪都拉斯的機構重要益處,特別是廢物和能源部門。

結果和分析表示,在特古西加爾巴建設垃圾焚燒廠是可行的。因此,這項研究可做為政策參考依據,供政府開始進一步的可行性研究。
Honduras is a developing country in Central America with two major problems, its dependence on fossil fuel thermal energy and the lack of wastes treatment.

This prefeasibility study aimed to analyze whether is possible to construct a municipal solid waste incineration plant in Honduras capital city Tegucigalpa, to properly treat the municipal solid waste and to generate electricity. In specific is to proof if Tegucigalpa solid waste and institutional framework fulfill the requirements to successfully apply incineration.

Interview with Tegucigalpa’s City Hall representatives and a complete study of Honduras institutional framework was made. In addition, an interview with a Taiwan waste sector representative was made, to review the current incineration technologies and to analyze Honduras critical data, in order to decide which combination of technologies would fit better.

From this study we found that Tegucigalpa waste fulfill the quality (9 MJ/kg) and quantity (more than 50,000 metric tons/year) required to incinerate. Furthermore, Honduras institutional network, especially the waste and energy sectors can provide important benefits to a municipal solid waste incineration plant.

The results and analysis reveal that is feasibility for Tegucigalpa to reach the higher level in the solid waste management hierarchy and construct a MSW incineration plant. Therefore, this study can be use to make a political decision to start a further feasibility study and transform this idea into a concrete project.
ABSTRACT i
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS v
LIST OF TABLES viii
LIST OF FIGURES ix
Chapter 1 : INTRODUCTION 1
1.1. Motivation and Background 1
1.2. Thesis Objective 2
1.3. Methodology 2
1.4. Organization of the Thesis 3
Chapter 2 : TECHNICAL PLANT OVERVIEW 4
2.1. Waste’s Divisions 4
2.2. Plant Location 7
2.2.1. Site Feasibility Assessment 7
2.3. Mass Burn Incineration 8
2.3.1. Pretreatment of Waste 9
2.3.2. Moving Grate Incineration 11
2.3.3. Design and Layout of the Mass Burning Incineration System 11
2.3.4. Plasma-Gasification 13
2.3.5. Plasma-Gasification Process 14
2.4. Energy Recovery 16
2.4.1. Energy Recovery Technology 17
2.5. Air Pollution Control 19
2.5.1. Volume and Composition of the Flue Gas 20
2.5.2. Environmental Standards 21
2.5.3. Air Pollution Control Technology 22
2.6. Incineration Residues 26
2.6.1. Slag 26
2.6.2. Boiler and Fly Ash 27
2.6.3. Residues from Dry and Semidry Flue Gas Treatment 27
2.6.4. Sludge from Water Treatment 28
2.6.5. Other Materials 28
2.7. Operation and Maintenance 29
2.7.1. Typical Plant Organization and Staffing 30
2.7.2. Crucial Supplies and External Services 31
2.7.3. Training of Workers, Codes of Practice, and Occupational Safety and Health 32
2.7.4. Occupational Safety and Health 33
Chapter 3 : SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN TEGUCIGALPA 34
3.1. Honduras General Data 34
3.1.1. Background 34
3.1.2. Geography 35
3.1.3. People and Society 35
3.1.4. Economy 35
3.2. Solid Waste Management in Tegucigalpa –Current Situation 36
3.2.1. Waste Generation Sources 37
3.2.2. Final Disposal 38
Chapter 4 : TEGUCIGALPA MSW INCINERATION PLANT PREFEASIBILITY STUDY 41
4.1. Waste Study 41
4.1.1. Waste Survey 41
4.1.2. Waste Survey 43
4.2. Institutional Framework 45
4.2.1. Waste Sector 46
4.2.2. Energy Sector 49
4.2.3. Incineration Plant Organization and Management 50
4.3. Incineration Plant Economics and Finance 51
4.3.1. Economics 52
4.3.2. Financing 57
4.4. The Project Cycle 58
4.4.1. Feasibility Phase 58
4.4.2. Project Preparation Phase 59
4.4.3. Project Implementation Phase 60
4.4.4. Socio-Economic Aspects and Stakeholder 61
Chapter 5 : CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 63
5.1. Conclusion 63
5.2. Recommendation 64
5.3. Research Limitations 65
REFERENCES 66
APENDIX – Beitou Incineration Plant Photos 68
Journal and Magazine Articles
[1]Alter NRG Corp (2011, October). NRG Focus Magazine: 04-11.
[2]Angel, S. and Bartley, K. (2004). Rapid Urbanization in Tegucigalpa, Honduras. Princeton University: 09-33.
[3]Confederation of European Waste-to-Energy Plants (2009). Energy Report II: 01-06
[4]Consortium for Energy Efficiency (2012). Cost Analysis of a Traditional Landfill: 01.
[5]Department of Environmental Conservation (1990). Generic Technology Assessment: Solid Waste Managemen: 3-5~3-29.
[6]Dodge, E. (2008, July). Plasma Gasification of Waste. Cornell University, Johnson Graduate School of Management, Queens University School of Management: 03-26.
[7]Ducharme, C. (2010, September). Technical and economic analysis of Plasma-assisted Waste-to-Energy processes. (Master Dissertation). Columbia University: 07-34
[8]Earth Trends (1999). Honduras Projections: 01-06
[9]Friends of Earth (2009, September). Briefing: Pyrolysis, Gasification and Plasma: 01-06
[10]Lee, S.H. (2005). Waste-to-Energy Facilities in Taiwan. Columbia University: 01-10.
[11]Lopez, R. (2007). Honduras Waste Management: 01-41
[12]Nasser, A. (2008, June). Improvement of Solid Waste Management and Design of Biogas Recovery System in Tegucigalpa (Master Dissertation). National Central University: 20-37.
[13]National Solid Wastes Management Association (2008). Modern Landfills: A far cry from the past. 02-05.
[14]Padilla, A. (2006). Tegucigalpa’s Waste Management. Tegucigalpa Sustainable Development Committee: 01-31
[15]Siemens AG Energy (2008). Case Study: Steam Turbine for Waste-to-Energy: 01-02.
[16]The Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League (2009, February). Waste Gasification, Impacts on the Environment and Public Health. 04-15.
[17]World Bank (1999, August). Technical Guidance Report, Municipal Solid Waste Incineration:. 01-91.



Government Document
[18]Central Intelligence Agency (2012, June). World Fact book - Honduras. Retrieved from Central Intelligence Agency website: https://www.cia.gov

[19]Honduras National Congress (2007, June). Renewable Electric Energy Promotion Law. Retrieved from Natural Resources and Environment Secretary website: http://www.serna.gob.hn/Ley.htm

[20]Honduras National Energy Commissioner (2009). Honduras’s Electric Subsectors Current Situation. Retrieved from Natural Resources and Environment Secretary website: http://www.enee.hn/

[21]La Gaceta, Honduras Official Newspaper (1999, April). Electric Sub-Sector Law. Retrieved from Natural Resources and Environment Secretary website: http://www.serna.gob.hn/DIARIO%20LA%20GACETA.htm

[22]National Electric Energy Enterprise (2010, December). 2010 Report. Retrieved from National Electric Energy Enterprise website: http://www.enee.hn/boletines.htm

[23]Natural Resources and Environment Secretary (2001, April). Honduras Solid Waste Law. Retrieved from Natural Resources and Environment Secretary website: http://www.serna.gob.hn/Ley.htm

[24]National Statistics Institute (2011). Honduras Population Composition and Distribution. Retrieved from National Statistics Institute website: http://www.ine.gob.hn/drupal/

[25]National Statistics Institute (2011). Honduras Population Forecast. Tegucigalpa, Retrieved from National Statistics Institute website: http://www.ine.gob.hn/drupal/


Newspaper Article
[26]Nolvia Eguigure, N. (2010, October 18). Honduras Fail in Waste Management. El Heraldo Newspaper. Retrieved from: http://archivo.elheraldo.hn/
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔