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研究生:高英傑
研究生(外文):Ying-Chieh Kao
論文名稱:應用單向離合器於操作模式切換之新型油電混合系統
論文名稱(外文):New Hybrid Electric Systems With Operating Mode Switched Using One-Way Clutches
指導教授:鐘證達鐘證達引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jheng-Da Jhong
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立虎尾科技大學
系所名稱:機械與機電工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:油電混合系統高量級中量級複合式行星式齒輪組
外文關鍵詞:Oil electricity mixed system high magnitudemiddle weight classcompound expression planet type gear cluster
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本文提出數種新型的油電混合動力系統,其以行星式齒輪組、單向離合器或離心離合器為基本元件,並採用簡易之操作模式切換方式,系統類型是定位在介於高量級與中量級之間,其與高量級系統一樣具有一驅動馬達在低速起步時獨立驅動車輛;其與中量級系統一樣在引擎輸出軸串接一馬達/發電機做調節扭力與隨車充電用。設計的目標是尋找適合一般125 c.c機車性能需求之新型系統,此系統期望能有超越中量級系統在燃油經濟效益的限制,並尋求比一般高量級系統所需更簡單的系統配置,操作控制模式和能源管理策略。
以系統單純藉由控制驅動馬達和引擎的開與關以及離心離合器的離心控制,就可達成各種操作模式的切換,如此可大大簡化系統動力控制方式。低速起步時,引擎關閉,而純由驅動馬達驅動車子;中高速時,引擎起動,而馬達/發電機則在馬達或發電機模式下切換操作,這樣可以用來隨著車子的加減速來調節引擎的輸出扭力,藉此取代引擎節氣門大部分的操作,以達到最大的燃油經濟效益和有效地減少排氣污染。
針對所提出的CHN1、CHN2、CHN3、CHN4、CVT1及CVT2等六型式之新型油電混合動力系統架構及操作特性,先定出中高量級及高量級兩種油電混合系統之性能目標及規格,並提出混合常數k之設計參數,進行此六種新型系統的中高量級及高量級油電混合車之適用性分析與評估,分析結果顯示,以CHN4型和CVT2型能符合中高量級及高量級油電混合機車兩者之性能需求。


This paper presents several new hybrid system, which the planetary gear set, one-way clutch or centrifugal clutch as the basic components and the operation mode switching by way of summary, the system type is positioned between the high and the magnitude order of magnitude between the magnitude of the system with as high a drive motor at low speed with the start independent driving vehicles; Middleweight system with the same series with the engine output shaft of a motor / generator to do adjust the torque and the vehicle charging. Design goal is to find suitable for general performance requirements of the new locomotive system, the system expects to have the order of magnitude beyond the limits of economic benefits in the fuel system, and to seek orders of magnitude higher than the general system for the simple system configuration and the more simple mode of operation control and energy management strategies.
The system simply by controlling the drive motor and the engine on and off and the centrifugal clutch centrifugal control, you can switch to achieve a variety of operating modes, and so can greatly simplify the system power control. Slow start, the engine shut down, but purely driven by the drive motor vehicle; High speed, the engine start, and the motor / generator in the motor or generator mode switch operation, which can be used with the car''s acceleration and deceleration to regulate the output of the engine torque, to replace most of the operation of the engine throttle in order to achieve maximum economic efficiency and effective in reducing the fuel exhaust pollution.
The end are made of CHN1, and CHN2, and CHN3, and CHN4, and CVT1 and the CVT2, six type type of new oil supply mixed mobile force Department system frame structure and the operation characteristics, first will out in the high volume class and the high volume class two kinds of oil supply mixed Department system of performance accounts label and the specification for lattice, does made mixed often digital k of equipment design enter digital, further line this six kinds of new Department system of in the high volume class and the high volume class oil supply mixed car of suitable with sexual analysis stub assessment, analysis poll fruit display as shown in, CHN4 and CVT2 can meet the high class and high class of petrol-electric hybrid machine car two performance requirements.


目錄
中文摘要 i
Abstract iii
目錄 vi
表目錄 ix
圖目錄 x
符號說明 1
第一章 緒論 4
1.1 前言 4
1.2 文獻回顧 5
1.2.1油電混合系統之相關文獻 6
1.2.2油電混合動力系統傳動機構 7
1.2.3油電混合動力系統之控制策略 9
1.2.4目前各廠商油電混合汽車發展狀況 12
1.3 研究動機與目的 14
1.4本文架構 15
第二章 油電混合系統 17
2.1油電混合動力系統介紹 17
2.2油電混合動力系統之分類 19
第三章 新型油電混合系統架構及操作特性 25
3.1 CHN1型 25
3.2 CHN2型 33
3.3 CHN3型 40
3.4 CHN4型 47
3.5 CVT1型 52
3.6 CVT2型 56
3.7各型操作模式與設計條件之整理 59
第四章 新型油電混合系統應用參數選定 62
4.1 CHN型分析 64
4.1.1 CHN1型之適用性分析 65
4.1.2 CHN2型之適用性分析 67
4.1.3 CHN3型之適用性分析 68
4.1.4 CHN4型之適用性分析 70
4.2 CVT型分析 73
4.2.1 CVT1型之適用性分析 74
4.2.2 CVT2型之適用性分析 77
第五章 結論 81
參考文獻 82
英文論文大綱 88
簡 歷 91



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